Partonomy list P4, primary language: LA, subsidiary: FR, interface: EN, work in progress

lobus temporalis (par)

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Top level systema nervosum Short Extended
Level 2 encephalon Short Extended
Level 3 telencephalon Short Extended
Current level lobus temporalis (par)
Subsidiary language with Latin
Non Latin primary language
Partonomy list
Short official Latin term
Short French equivalent
61825 6017
lobus temporalis (par)
lobe temporal (paire)
facies superolateralis (par)
face supérolatérale (paire)
74890 6018
polus temporalis (par)
pôle temporal (paire)
61905 6019 Tax
gyrus temporalis superior (par)
gyrus temporal supérieur (paire)
pars anterior (par) ; cortex auditorius secundarius (par)
partie antérieure (paire) ; cortex auditif secondaire (paire)
pars posterior (par)
partie postérieure (paire)
74891 6020 Tax
operculum temporale
opercule temporal
71043 8710 Tax
planum polare (par)
plan polaire (paire)
273671 6021 Tax
gyri temporales transversi (par)
gyrus temporaux transverses (paire)
cortex auditorius primarius (par)
cortex auditif primaire (paire)
61909 6022
gyrus temporalis transversus anterior (par)
gyrus temporal transverse antérieur (paire)
61910 6023
gyrus temporalis transversus posterior (par)
gyrus temporal transverse postérieur (paire)
71045 6024 Tax
planum temporale (par)
planum temporale (paire); plan temporal (paire)
83782 6025
sulci temporales transversi (par)
sillons temporaux transverses (paire)
sulcus temporalis transversus anterior (par)
sillon temporal transverse antérieur (paire)
sulcus temporalis transversus intermedius (par)
sillon temporal transverse intermédiaire (paire)
sulcus temporalis transversus posterior (par)
sillon temporal transverse postérieur (paire)
83783 6026
sulcus temporalis superior (par)
sillon temporal supérieur (paire)
61906 6027 Tax
gyrus temporalis medius (par)
gyrus temporal moyen (paire)
83784 6028
sulcus temporalis inferior (par)
sillon temporal inférieur (paire)
61907 6029 Tax
gyrus temporalis inferior (par)
gyrus temporal inférieur (paire)
facies inferomedialis (par)
face inféromédiale (paire)
61907 6029 Tax
gyrus temporalis inferior
gyrus temporal inférieur
74518 6065
sulcus occipitotemporalis ; sulcus occipitotemporalis lateralis
sillon occipitotemporal ; sillon occipitotemporal latéral
61908 6063 Tax
gyrus fusiformis (par) ; gyrus occipitotemporalis lateralis (par)
gyrus fusiforme (paire) ; gyrus occipitotemporal latéral (paire)
pars medialis gyri fusiformis (par)
partie médiale du gyrus fusiforme (paire)
pars lateralis gyri fusiformis (par)
partie latérale du gyrus fusiforme (paire)
cortex ectorhinalis (par)
cortex ectorhinal (paire)
sulcus fusiformis medius (par)
sillon fusiforme moyen (paire)
83751 6042
sulcus collateralis ; sulcus occipitotemporalis medialis
sillon collatéral ; sillon occipitotemporal médial
61918 6070 Tax
gyrus parahippocampalis
gyrus parahippocampique
31 lines
93.5 %
90.3 %
Scientific notes
Libelle of note
The Gyrus temporalis superior (Superior temporal gyrus; BA22) is not a homogeneous cortical area; it contains various cytoarchitectonically and functionally distinct cortical areas. Its Pars anterior (Anterior part or Belt area) forms the Secondary auditory cortex (BA42 or A2; see Morosan P, Rademacher J, Schleicher A, et al. 2001 Human primary auditory cortex: Cytoarchitecture, subdivisions and mapping into a spatial reference system. Neuroimage 13:684-701; Zilles and Amunts 2012). Its Pars posterior (Posterior part or Wernicke's area) is a loosely defined region which comprises the Posterior part of BA22 but also parts of the Inferior parietal lobule.
See note # 6019
The Dorsal part of the Gyrus temporalis superior contains three Sulci temporales transversi (Transverse temporal sulci): the Planum polare (Polar plane) is separated from the Transverse temporal gyri of Heschl by the Sulcus temporalis transversus anterior (Anterior transverse temporal sulcus), the Gyri temporales transversi (Transverse temporal gyri) are subdivided by the Sulcus temporalis transversus intermedius (Intermediate transverse temporal sulcus), and the Planum temporale (Temporal plane) is separated from the Posterior transverse temporal gyrus by the Sulcus temporalis transversus posterior (Posterior transverse temporal sulcus or Heschl's sulcus; see Duvernoy 1992).
See note # 6021
For the Inferomedial aspect of the Temporal lobe, usually the terms Gyrus temporalis inferior (T3), Gyrus fusiformis (T4) and Gyrus parahippocampalis (T5) are used, separated by the Occipitotemporal and the Collateral sulci.
See note # 6019
See note # 6019
The Cortex ectorhinalis (BA36) is often included as part of the Perirhinal cortex (Ding S-L, Van Hoesen GW 2010 Borders, extent, and topography of human perirhinal cortex as revealed using multiple modern neuroanatomical and pathological markers. Hum Brain Mapp 31:1359-1379) but lies on the other side of the Collateral sulcus.
Type of list P4
List Unit Identifier 6017
Number of children 82 (validated)
Number of units 31 (validated)
Signature 3038 (validated since 14.3.2020)
Date: 31.05.2024