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medulla spinalis

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Top level systema nervosum
Current level medulla spinalis Short
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Partonomy list
FMA TA TID UID
Short official Latin term
Short English equivalent
7647 5138 5138
medulla spinalis
spinal cord
31963 7982
external morphology of spinal cord
74893 5139 5139
intumescentia cervicalis
cervical enlargement
74895 5140 5140
intumescentia lumbosacralis
lumbosacral enlargement
74897 5141 5141
conus medullaris
medullary cone ; conus medullaris
83798 5145 5145
sulcus medianus posterior ; sulcus medianus dorsalis
posterior median sulcus ; dorsal median sulcus
77437 5146 5146
septum medianum posterius ; septum medianum dorsale
posterior median septum ; dorsal median septum
75609 33452 5148
sulcus posterolateralis (par) ; sulcus dorsolateralis (par)
posterolateral sulcus (pair) ; dorsolateral sulcus (pair)
83799 33455 5149
sulcus intermedius posterior (par) ; sulcus intermedius dorsalis (par)
posterior intermediate sulcus (pair) ; dorsal intermediate sulcus (pair)
79877 33458 5147
sulcus anterolateralis (par) ; sulcus ventrolateralis (par)
anterolateral sulcus (pair) ; ventrolateral sulcus (pair)
83735 5144 5144
fissura mediana anterior ; fissura mediana ventralis
anterior median fissure ; ventral median fissure
71166 5151 5151
pars cervicalis medullae spinalis
cervical part of spinal cord
256653 33461 7985
segmenta cervicalia
cervical segments
71179 7986 7986
segmentum cervicale 1
cervical segment 1
71180 7987 7987
segmentum cervicale 2
cervical segment 2
71181 7988 7988
segmentum cervicale 3
cervical segment 3
71182 7989 7989
segmentum cervicale 4
cervical segment 4
71183 7990 7990
segmentum cervicale 5
cervical segment 5
71184 7991 7991
segmentum cervicale 6
cervical segment 6
71185 7993 7993
segmentum cervicale 7
cervical segment 7
71186 7994 7994
segmentum cervicale 8
cervical segment 8
71167 5152 5152
pars thoracica medullae spinalis
thoracic part of spinal cord
71167 33462 7995
segmenta thoracica medullae spinalis
thoracic segments of spinal cord
62421 7996 7996
segmentum thoracicum 1
thoracic segment 1
62422 7997 7997
segmentum thoracicum 2
thoracic segment 2
71169 7999 7999
segmentum thoracicum 3
thoracic segment 3
71170 8001 8001
segmentum thoracicum 4
thoracic segment 4
71171 8003 8003
segmentum thoracicum 5
thoracic segment 5
71172 8004 8004
segmentum thoracicum 6
thoracic segment 6
71173 8005 8005
segmentum thoracicum 7
thoracic segment 7
71174 8007 8007
segmentum thoracicum 8
thoracic segment 8
71175 8008 8008
segmentum thoracicum 9
thoracic segment 9
71176 8010 8010
segmentum thoracicum 10
thoracic segment 10
71177 8011 8011
segmentum thoracicum 11
thoracic segment 11
71178 8012 8012
segmentum thoracicum 12
thoracic segment 12
71168 5153 5153
pars lumbalis medullae spinalis
lumbar part of spinal cord
33463 8013
segmenta lumbalia medullae spinalis
lumbar segments of spinal cord
71187 8015 8015
segmentum lumbale 1
lumbar segment 1
71188 8016 8016
segmentum lumbale 2
lumbar segment 2
71189 8017 8017
segmentum lumbale 3
lumbar segment 3
71190 8018 8018
segmentum lumbale 4
lumbar segment 4
71191 8019 8019
segmentum lumbale 5
lumbar segment 5
256663 5154 5154
pars sacralis medullae spinalis
sacral part of spinal cord
33464 8020
segmenta sacralia medullae spinalis
sacral segments of spinal cord
256625 8021 8021
segmentum sacrale 1
sacral segment 1
256627 8022 8022
segmentum sacrale 2
sacral segment 2
256629 8023 8023
segmentum sacrale 3
sacral segment 3
256631 8024 8024
segmentum sacrale 4
sacral segment 4
256633 8025 8025
segmentum sacrale 5
sacral segment 5
256635 5155 5155
pars coccygea medullae spinalis
coccygeal part of spinal cord
27830 8026
segmenta coccygea medullae spinalis
coccygeal segments of spinal cord
8027 8027
segmentum coccygeum 1
coccygeal segment 1
8028 8028
segmentum coccygeum 2
coccygeal segment 2
8030 8030
segmentum coccygeum 3
coccygeal segment 3
31964 7984
morphologia interna medullae spinalis
internal morphology of spinal cord
256580 5157 5157
substantia grisea medullae spinalis
grey matter of spinal cord ; grey substance of spinal cord ▲
256530 33465 5176
posterior column (pair) ; dorsal column (pair)
33468 5177
cornu posterius (par) ; cornu dorsale (par)
posterior horn (pair) ; dorsal horn (pair)
68862 33471 5179
lamina spinalis I (par) ; zona marginalis (par)
spinal layer I (pair) ; marginal zone (pair)
74019 33474 5181
lamina spinalis II (par) ; substantia gelatinosa (par)
spinal layer II (pair) ; gelatinous matter (pair)
73906 33477 5183
lamina spinalis III-IV (par) ; nucleus proprius (par)
spinal layer III-IV (pair) ; nucleus proprius (pair)
68866 33480 5184
lamina spinalis V (par)
spinal layer V (pair)
68867 33483 5186
lamina spinalis VI (par)
spinal layer VI (pair)
73909 27486 7821
processus reticularis (par)
reticular process (pair)
73921 33486 5189
nucleus cervicalis lateralis (par)
lateral cervical nucleus (pair)
77022 33489 5191
nucleus spinalis lateralis (par) ; nucleus posterior funiculi lateralis (par)
lateral spinal nucleus (pair) ; posterior nucleus of lateral funiculus of spinal cord (pair)
33493 7822
neura cornus posterioris (par) ; neura cornus dorsalis (par)
neurons of posterior horn of spinal cord (pair) ; neurons of dorsal horn (pair)
25065 7823
interneura cornus posterioris (par) ; interneura cornus dorsalis (par)
interneurons of posterior horn of spinal cord (pair) ; interneurons of dorsal horn (pair)
31537 8002
interneura excitatoria cornus posterioris (par)
excitatory interneurons of posterior horn of spinal cord (pair) ; excitatory interneurons of dorsal horn (pair)
25199 7824
cellulae centrales transientes laminae spinalis II (par)
transient central cells of spinal layer II (pair)
25211 7825
cellulae radiales laminae spinalis II (par)
radial cells of spinal layer II (pair)
25679 7826
cellulae verticales laminae spinalis II (par)
vertical cells of spinal layer II (pair)
31574 8006
interneura inhibitoria cornus posterioris (par)
inhibitory interneurons of posterior horn of spinal cord (pair) ; inhibitory interneurons of dorsal horn (pair)
25931 7827
cellulae insulares laminae spinalis II (par)
islet cells of spinal layer II (pair)
27552 7828
cellulae centrales tonicae laminae spinalis II (par)
tonic central cells of spinal layer II (pair)
25935 7829
interneura inhibitoria Ib laminae spinalis VI (par)
Ib inhibitory interneurons of spinal layer VI (pair)
28409 7830
neura projectionis cornus posterioris (par) ; neura funicularia cornus posterioris (par)
projection neurons of posterior horn of spinal cord (pair); funicular neurons of posterior horn of spinal cord (pair) ; spinal tract neurons of posterior horn of spinal cord (pair); projection neurons of dorsal horn (pair)
25094 7831
neura marginalia laminae spinalis I (par)
marginal neurons of spinal layer I of spinal cord (pair)
25967 7832
cellulae originis tractus spinocervicalis (par)
cells of origin of spinocervical tract (pair)
25973 7833
cellulae originis tractus spinoreticularis (par)
cells of origin of spinoreticular tract (pair)
27174 7834
cellulae originis tractus spinomesencephalici (par)
cells of origin of spinomesencephalic tract (pair)
27277 7835
cellulae originis tractus spinothalamici (par)
cells of origin of spinothalamic tract (pair)
27309 7836
cellulae originis fibrae postsynapticae tractus funiculi dorsalis (par)
cells of origin of postsynaptic dorsal funicular tract (pair)
31576 8014
neura associationis cornus posterioris (par) ; neura propriospinalia cornus dorsalis (par)
association neurons of posterior horn of spinal cord (pair); propriospinal neurons of dorsal horn (pair)
27556 7837
neura propriospinalia brevia laminae spinalis V (par)
short propriospinal neurons of spinal layer V (pair)
27560 7838
neura propriospinalia brevia laminae spinalis VI (par)
short propriospinal neurons of spinal layer VI (pair)
256536 27827 5192
intermediate column (pair)
33500 8220
zona intermedia (par)
intermediate zone (pair)
68868 33503 5193
lamina spinalis VII (par)
spinal layer VII (pair)
83137 32302 5196
substantia intermedia centralis (par)
central intermediate substance (pair)
73912 32305 5197
nucleus thoracicus posterior (par) ; nucleus thoracicus dorsalis (par)
posterior thoracic nucleus (pair) ; dorsal thoracic nucleus (pair)
77021 32308 5190
nucleus cervicalis centralis (par)
central cervical nucleus (pair)
73918 32311 5199
nucleus intermediomedialis (par)
intermediomedial nucleus (pair)
25202 8029
nucleus intercalatus spinalis (par)
spinal intercalated nucleus (pair)
83928 33506 5198
substantia intermedia lateralis (par)
lateral intermediate substance (pair)
77764 33509 5200
nucleus parasympathicus sacralis (par)
sacral parasympathetic nucleus (pair)
256536 33512 5194
cornu laterale (par)
lateral horn (pair)
73915 33515 5195
nucleus intermediolateralis (par)
intermediolateral nucleus (pair)
33518 7839
pars principalis (par)
principal part (pair)
33521 7840
pars funicularis (par)
funicular part (pair)
33524 7841
centrum ciliospinale (par)
ciliospinal centre (pair)
27600 7842
neura zonae intermediae (par)
neurons of intermediate zone (pair)
27616 7843
interneura zonae intermediae (par)
interneurons of intermediate zone (pair)
27604 7844
interneura excitatoria zonae intermediae (par)
excitatory interneurons of intermediate zone (pair)
27608 7845
interneura inhibitoria zonae intermediae (par)
inhibitory interneurons of intermediate zone (pair)
27529 7846
interneura inhibitoria Ia laminae spinalis VII (par)
Ia inhibitory interneurons of spinal layer VII (pair)
27532 7847
interneura inhibitoria recurrentia laminae spinalis VII (par)
recurrent inhibitory interneurons of spinal layer VII (pair)
27629 7848
neura projectionis zonae intermediae (par) ; neura funicularia zonae intermediae (par)
projection neurons of intermediate zone (pair); funicular neurons of intermediate zone (pair) ; spinal tract neurons of intermediate zone (pair)
27641 7849
cellulae originis tractus spinocerebellaris (par)
cells of origin of spinocerebellar tract (pair)
27649 7850
cellulae originis tractus spinoreticularis (par)
cells of origin of spinoreticular tract (pair)
27653 7851
cellulae originis tractus spinomesencephalici (par)
cells of origin of spinomesencephalic tract (pair)
27645 7852
cellulae originis tractus spinothalamici lateralis (par)
cells of origin of lateral spinothalamic tract (pair)
27633 7853
neura associationis zonae intermediae (par) ; neura propriospinalia zonae intermediae (par)
association neurons of intermediate zone (pair); propriospinal neurons of intermediate zone (pair)
27657 7854
neura propriospinalia brevia laminae spinalis VII (par)
short propriospinal neurons of spinal layer VII (pair)
27661 7855
neura propriospinalia intermedia laminae spinalis VII (par)
intermediate propriospinal neurons of spinal layer VII (pair)
27665 7856
neura propriospinalia longa laminae spinalis VII (par)
long propriospinal neurons of spinal layer VII (pair)
27637 7857
motoneura zonae intermediae (par)
motoneurons of intermediate zone (pair)
27669 7858
motoneura parasympathica spinalia (par) ; motoneura parasympathica spinalia preganglionaria (par)
spinal parasympathetic motoneurons (pair) ; preganglionary spinal parasympathetic motoneurons (pair) ; spinal parasympathetic motor neurons (pair)
27673 7859
motoneura sympathica spinalia (par) ; motoneura sympathica spinalia preganglionaria (par)
spinal sympathetic motoneurons (pair) ; preganglionary spinal sympathetic motoneurons (pair) ; spinal sympathetic motor neurons (pair)
256541 33539 5164
anterior column (pair) ; ventral column (pair)
256541 33542 5165
cornu anterius (par) ; cornu ventrale (par)
anterior horn (pair) ; ventral horn (pair)
68869 33545 7860
lamina spinalis VIII (par)
spinal layer VIII (pair)
68870 33548 7861
lamina spinalis IX (par)
spinal layer IX (pair) ; motor nuclei (pair)
27490 7862
nuclei motorii mediales (par)
medial motor nuclei (pair)
73930 33552 5169
nucleus anteromedialis (par) ; nucleus ventromedialis (par)
anteromedial nucleus (pair) ; ventromedial nucleus (pair)
77015 33555 5172
nucleus posteromedialis (par) ; nucleus dorsomedialis (par)
posteromedial nucleus (pair) ; dorsomedial nucleus (pair)
27493 7863
nuclei motorii laterales (par)
lateral motor nuclei (pair)
77016 31965 5173
nucleus centralis (par)
central nucleus (pair)
77012 33562 5168
nucleus anterior (par) ; nucleus ventralis (par)
anterior nucleus (pair) ; ventral nucleus (pair)
73934 33565 5167
nucleus anterolateralis (par) ; nucleus ventrolateralis (par)
anterolateral nucleus (pair) ; ventrolateral nucleus (pair)
77013 33568 5170
nucleus posterolateralis (par); nucleus dorsolateralis (par)
posterolateral nucleus (pair); dorsolateral nucleus (pair)
77014 33571 5171
nucleus retroposterolateralis (par) ; nucleus retrodorsolateralis (par)
retroposterolateral nucleus (pair) ; retrodorsolateral nucleus (pair)
83965 33574 5174
nucleus nervi accessorii (par)
nucleus of accessory nerve (pair) ; spinal accessory nucleus (pair)
77458 33577 5175
nucleus nervi phrenici (par)
nucleus of phrenic nerve (pair)
77024 31967 5201
nucleus nervi pudendi (par)
nucleus of pudendal nerve (pair)
27572 7864
aggregatio motoneurorum (par)
motoneuron aggregation (pair); motor pool (pair)
27576 7865
neura cornus anterioris (par) ; neura cornus ventralis (par)
neurons of anterior horn of spinal cord (pair) ; neurons of ventral horn of spinal cord (pair)
27499 7866
interneura cornus anterioris (par) ; interneura cornus ventralis (par)
interneurons of anterior horn of spinal cord (pair) ; interneurons of ventral horn of spinal cord (pair)
27592 7867
interneura excitatoria (par)
excitatory interneurons (pair)
27596 7868
interneura inhibitoria (par)
inhibitory interneurons (pair)
27580 7869
neura projectionis cornus anterioris (par) ; neura projectionis cornus ventralis (par)
projection neurons of anterior horn of spinal cord (pair); projection neurons of ventral horn of spinal cord (pair)
27523 7870
cellulae marginales spinales laminae spinalis IX (par)
spinal marginal cells of spinal layer IX (pair) ; spinal border cells of spinal layer IX (pair)
27584 7871
neura associationis cornus anterioris (par) ; neura associationis cornus ventralis (par) ; neura propriospinalia cornus anterioris (par) ; neura propriospinalia cornus ventralis (par)
association neurons of anterior horn of spinal cord (pair); association neurons of ventral horn of spinal cord (pair); propriospinal neurons of anterior horn of spinal cord (pair) ; propriospinal neurons of ventral horn of spinal cord (pair)
27588 7872
neura propriospinalia longa laminae spinalis VIII (par)
long propriospinal neurons of spinal layer VIII (pair)
27502 7873
motoneura cornus anterioris (par) ; motoneura cornus ventralis (par)
motoneurons of anterior horn of spinal cord (pair) ; motoneurons of ventral horn of spinal cord (pair)
27505 7874
motoneura epaxialia (par)
epaxial motoneurons (pair)
27508 7875
motoneura hypaxialia (par)
hypaxial motoneurons (pair)
27511 7876
motoneura appendicularia (par)
appendicular motoneurons (pair)
83664 27514 7877
motoneura alpha (par)
alpha motoneurons (pair)
27517 7878
motoneura beta (par)
beta motoneurons (pair)
83660 27520 7879
motoneura gamma (par)
gamma motoneurons (pair)
83945 5204 5204
substantia alba medullae spinalis
white matter of spinal cord ; white substance of spinal cord
77461 33596 5241
posterior funiculus (pair) ; dorsal funiculus (pair)
27749 8470
radices centrales funiculi posterioris (par)
central roots of posterior funiculus of spinal cord (pair)
258416 5245 5245
fasciculus gracilis
gracile fasciculus
73941 5246 5246
fasciculus cuneatus
cuneate fasciculus
33599 7886
tractus intrinsici funiculi posterioris (par) ; fasciculi intrinsici funiculi posterioris (par)
intrinsic tracts of posterior funiculus of spinal cord (pair) ; propriospinal tracts of posterior funiculus of spinal cord (pair); ground bundles of posterior funiculus of spinal cord (pair)
77029 5242 5242
fasciculus propriospinalis posterior ; fasciculus propriospinalis dorsalis
posterior propriospinal fasciculus ; dorsal propriospinal fasciculus ; dorsal ground bundle; posterior ground bundle
77030 5243 5243
fasciculus septomarginalis
septomarginal fasciculus
73944 5244 5244
fasciculus interfascicularis ; fasciculus semilunaris
interfascicular fasciculus ; semilunar fasciculus
7947 7947
fasciculus cornucommissuralis
cornucommissural fasciculus
27755 7891
tractus longi funiculi posterioris (par)
long tracts of posterior funiculus of spinal cord (pair) ; long tracts of dorsal duniculus (pair)
33604 7892
tractus ascendentes funiculi posterioris (par)
ascending tracts of posterior funiculus of spinal cord (pair) ; ascending fasciculi of dorsal funiculus (pair)
5249 5249
fibrae spinocuneatae
spinocuneate fibres
5250 5250
fibrae spinograciles
spinogracile fibres
33608 7961
tractus descendentes funiculi posterioris (par)
descending tracts of posterior funiculus of spinal cord (pair) ; descending fasciculi of dorsal funiculus (pair)
5247 5247
fibrae cuneospinales
cuneospinal fibres
5248 5248
fibrae gracilispinales
gracilospinal fibres
27764 7903
fasciculus posterolateralis funiculi posterioris (par) ; fasciculus dorsolateralis funiculi posterioris (par)
posterolateral fasciculus of posterior funiculus of spinal cord (pair) ; dorsolateral fasciculus of posterior funiculus of spinal cord (pair)
33611 7897
zona ingressionis radicis posterioris nervi spinalis (par)
posterior root entry zone (pair)
33614 7898
pars lateralis (par)
lateral part (pair)
33617 7899
pars medialis (par)
medial part (pair)
30011 20207
zona ramificationis radicis posterioris nervi spinalis (par)
branching zone of posterior root of spinal nerve (pair)
30015 20210
zona collateralisationis radicis posterioris nervi spinalis (par)
zone of collateralisation of posterior root of spinal nerve (pair)
11904 11904
fibrae afferentes somatosensoriae
somatosensory afferent fibres
11905 11905
fibrae afferentes proprioceptivae
proprioceptive afferent fibres
11906 11906
fibrae afferentes viscerosensoriae
viscerosensory afferent fibres
74000 33624 5218
lateral funiculus (pair)
33627 7904
tractus intrinsici (par) ; fasciculi propriospinales funiculi lateralis (par)
intrinsic tracts (pair) ; propriospinal fasciculi (pair) ; ground bundles (pair)
77027 5219 5219
fasciculus propriospinalis lateralis
lateral propriospinal fasciculus ; lateral ground bundle
75696 5238 5238
tractus spinocervicalis
spinocervical tract
27768 7907
tractus longi (par)
long tracts (pair)
33631 7908
tractus ascendentes (par)
ascending tracts (pair)
77766 12531 12531
tractus anterolateralis ; systema anterolaterale ; lemniscus spinalis
anterolateral tract ; anterolateral system ; spinal lemniscus
7948 7948
tractus spinoreticularis
spinoreticular tract
7537 7537
tractus spinoparabrachialis
spinoparabrachial tract
73968 5226 5226
tractus spinomesencephalicus
spinomesencephalic tract
73965 5227 5227
tractus spinothalamicus lateralis
lateral spinothalamic tract
7957 7957
tractus spinohypothalamicus
spinohypothalamic tract
7958 7958
tractus cervicothalamicus
cervicothalamic tract
12547 12547
tractus spinoolivaris
spinoolivary tract
7539 7539
tractus spinovestibularis
spinovestibular tract
25322 7960
tractus spinocerebellares
spinocerebellar tracts
73950 5319 5319
tractus spinocerebellaris posterior ; tractus spinocerebellaris dorsalis
posterior spinocerebellar tract ; dorsal spinocerebellar tract
72642 5312 5312
tractus spinocerebellaris anterior ; tractus spinocerebellaris ventralis
anterior spinocerebellar tract ; ventral spinocerebellar tract
12058 12058
tractus cuneocerebellaris
cuneocerebellar tract
8419 8419
tractus spinocerebellaris rostralis
rostral spinocerebellar tract
33634 7933
tractus descendentes (par)
descending tracts (pair)
8531 8531
tractus corticospinalis lateralis
lateral corticospinal tract
8481 8481
tractus rubrospinalis
rubrospinal tract
75689 5224 5224
tractus reticulospinalis lateralis ; tractus bulboreticulospinalis
lateral reticulospinal tract ; bulboreticulospinal tract ; medullary reticulospinal tract
75690 8469 8469
tractus fastigiospinalis
fastigiospinal tract
75691 5221 5221
tractus interpositospinalis
interpositospinal tract
75694 5234 5234
tractus caeruleospinalis
caeruleospinal tract ; coeruleospinal tract
77482 8415 8415
tractus hypothalamospinalis
hypothalamospinal tract
8444 8444
tractus raphespinalis lateralis
lateral raphespinal tract
8447 8447
tractus solitariospinalis
solitariospinal tract
75700 5240 5240
tractus trigeminospinalis
trigeminospinal tract
74003 33637 5205
anterior funiculus (pair) ; ventral funiculus (pair)
27814 8512
tractus intrinsici (par) ; fasciculi propriospinales funiculi anterioris (par)
intrinsic tracts (pair) ; propriospinal fasciculi (pair) ; ground bundles (pair)
77026 5206 5206
fasciculus propriospinalis anterior ; fasciculus propriospinalis ventralis
anterior propriospinal fasciculus ; ventral propriospinal fasciculus ; anterior ground bundle; ventral ground bundle
77028 5207 5207
fasciculus sulcomarginalis
sulcomarginal fasciculus
29220 7732
tractus longi (par)
long tracts (pair)
29216 7719
tractus ascendentes (par)
ascending tracts (pair)
75684 5217 5217
tractus spinothalamicus anterior ; tractus spinothalamicus ventralis
anterior spinothalamic tract ; ventral spinothalamic tract
29223 7725
tractus descendentes (par)
descending tracts (pair)
8530 8530
tractus corticospinalis anterior ; tractus corticospinalis ventralis
anterior corticospinal tract ; ventral corticospinal tract
73974 5318 5318
tractus vestibulospinalis lateralis
lateral vestibulospinal tract
8446 8446
tractus vestibulospinalis medialis
medial vestibulospinal tract
8494 8494
tractus interstitiospinalis
interstitiospinal tract
73986 5212 5212
tractus reticulospinalis medialis ; tractus pontoreticulospinalis
medial reticulospinal tract ; pontoreticulospinal tract ; pontine reticulospinal tract
8480 8480
tractus tectospinalis
tectospinal tract
75686 5310 5310
tractus raphespinalis anterior ; tractus raphespinalis ventralis
anterior raphespinal tract ; ventral raphespinal tract
77765 29119 5251
central cord structures
68871 5252 5252
area spinalis X
spinal area X
77038 5253 5253
commissura grisea anterior ; commissura grisea ventralis
anterior grey commissure ; ventral grey commissure
77037 5254 5254
commissura grisea posterior ; commissura grisea dorsalis
posterior grey commissure ; dorsal grey commissure
77035 5255 5255
commissura alba anterior ; commissura alba ventralis
anterior white commissure ; ventral white commissure
77034 5256 5256
commissura alba posterior ; commissura alba dorsalis
posterior white commissure ; dorsal white commissure
78497 5156 5156
canalis centralis
central canal
78498 5143 5143
ventriculus terminalis
terminal ventricle
231 lines
98.4 %
94.6 %
Scientific notes
UID
Libelle of note
5177
The dorsal horn consists of layer I to layer VI, including the sensory layers I-IV and the mixed layers V and VI (VI only present in the intumescences) as advocated in TA and by Sengul G, Watson C (2012) Spinal cord: regional anatomy, cytoarchitecture and chemoarchitecture. In: Mai JK, Paxinos G, eds: The Human Nervous System, 3rd ed. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 186-232. Layers I and II form the superficial dorsal horn, and layers III to VI the deep dorsal horn. The intermediate zone is interpreted as layer VII only, and the ventral horn consists of the layer VIII and layer IX.
5195
See note # 19735
5224
For the Reticulospinal tracts various terms are used in the literature. Following the study on human reticulospinal fibres by Nathan PW, Smith MC, Deacon P (1996 Vestibulospinal, reticulospinal and descending propriospinal nerve fibres in man. Brain 119:1809-1833), here, a simplified subdivision into a Lateral (from The Myelencephalon) and a Medial reticulospinal tract (from the Pons) is advocated.
5242
Nathan and Smith described the Propriospinal fasciculi as Posterior or Dorsal, Lateral, and Anterior or Ventral Ground bundles (Nathan PW, Smith MC 1959 Fasciculi proprii of the spinal cord in man. Brain 82:610-668). The term Fasciculus septomarginalis (Septomarginal fasciculus) is used for: 1) the Oval bundle of Flechsig, present at lumbar levels; and 2) the Triangle of Philippe-Gombault, present at sacral levels (see Schoenen J, Grant G 2004 The spinal cord: Connections. In: Paxinos G, Mai JK, eds: The Human Nervous System, 2nd ed. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 236-265). The term Fasciculus interfascicularis is also known as the Comma tract of Schultze, present at cervical and high thoracic levels. According to Nathan and Smith (1959), the Comma tract consists of descending divisions of the cervical and upper thoracic dorsal roots. The Fasciculus cornucommissuralis is present throughout the cord, best developed at lumbar levels; situated along the medial side of the posterior grey column abutting the posterior commissure. It consists of ipsilaterally running propriospinal fibres (see Schoenen and Grant 2004).
5243
See note # 5242
5244
See note # 5242
7725
See note # 24664
7837
According to Kuypers HGJM (1981, Anatomy of the descending pathways. Chapter 13 in Hb Physiol, The Nervous System II. American Physiological Society, Bethesda, MD), propriospinal neurons, the intermediates between descending pathways and spinal motoneurons, can be subdivided into three groups: 1) Short propriospinal neurons with cell bodies located in the lateral parts of Laminae V-VII, with a range of 6-8 segments; 2) Intermediate propriospinal neurons with cell bodies mainly in the central part of Lamina VII, and axons extending over a subtotal number of cord segments (C>L; Th>S); 3) Long propriospinal neurons with cell bodies in the medial part of Lamina VII and in Lamina VIII, and extending over the whole extent of spinal cord segments.
7957
A Tractus spinohypothalamicus (Spinohypothalamic tract) has been characterized functionally in monkeys (Zhang X, Wenk HN, Gokin AP, et al. 1999 Physiological studies of spinohypothalamic tract neurons in the lumbar enlargement of monkeys. J Neurophysiol 82:1054-1058; see also Westlund KN, Willis WD Jr 2012 Pain system. IN: Mai JK, Paxinos G, eds: The Human Nervous System, 3rd ed. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 1144-1186).
19735
In their study on Autonomic neurons in the spinal cord, Petras JM, Cummings JF (1972 Autonomic neurons in the spinal cord of the rhesus monkey. J Comp Neurol 146:189-218) described the Nucleus intercalatus spinalis (Spinal intercalated nucleus) and subdivided the Nucleus intermediolateralis (Intermediolateral nucleus) into a Principal part and a Funicular part, extending into the Lateral funiculus.
24664
For the Tractus spinoolivaris (Spino-olivary tract) as eponym Helweg's tract is used. Smith and Deacon (Smith MC, Deacon P 1981 Helweg's triangular tract in man. Brain 104:249-277) denied that Helweg's tract contains spino-olivary fibres; more likely reticulospinal; Helweg's tract can be identified in Weigert-stained sections, but hardly in Luxol-Fast-Blue-stained sections. The term Fibrae olivospinales is deleted (non-existent); they are probably reticulospinal fibres; see Brodal A 1969 Neurological Anatomy in Relation to Clinical Medicine, 2nd ed. Oxford University Press, New York).
Signature
Type of list P2F
List Unit Identifier 5138
Sublist 1 5164 columna anterior 95/32 on 15.4.2018
Sublist 2 5176 columna posterior 89/30 on 15.4.2018
Sublist 3 5192 columna intermedia 98/33 on 15.4.2018
Sublist 4 5205 funiculus anterior 24/15 on 15.4.2018
Sublist 5 5218 funiculus lateralis 40/31 on 15.4.2018
Sublist 6 5241 funiculus posterior 48/25 on 8.7.2019
Sublist 7 5251 structura centralis 7/8 on 15.4.2018
Sublist 8 7982 morphologia externa 58/53 on 17.4.2019
Subtotals subchildren 459 subunits 227
Proper children 11
Number of children 470 (validated)
Proper units 4
Number of units 231 (validated)
Signature 4749 (validated since 31.12.2021)
Date: 31.12.2021