Taxonomic list T3F, primary language: LA, subsidiary: EN, interface: EN, work in progress

segmentum neuraxis

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Top level pars principalis organi Short Extended
Level 2 segmentum organi Short Extended
Current level segmentum neuraxis Short
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Taxonomic list
Short official Latin term
Short English equivalent
256237 19587
segmentum neuraxis
segment of neuraxis
50801 5257
55676 19588
segmentum systematis nervosi centralis
segment of central nervous system
61815 19589
segmentum principalis encephali
cardinal segment of brain
61992 5262
61993 5261
mesencephalon ; midbrain
67687 5258
61996 19590
segmentum prosencephali
segment of prosencephalon
62000 5264
telencephalon ; cerebrum
telencephalon ; brain
62374 19593
segmentum telencephali
segment of telencephalon
61820 18769
segmentum hemispherii cerebri
segment of cerebral hemisphere
facies superolateralis hemispherii cerebri
superolateral surface of cerebral hemisphere
facies inferomedialis hemispherii cerebri
inferomedial surface of cerebral hemisphere
83874 5973
gyrus cerebri T4 173 children
cerebral gyrus
274516 11497
gyrus lobi frontalis
gyrus of frontal lobe
274406 11028
area frontopolaris
frontopolar area
61860 5994
gyrus frontalis inferior
inferior frontal gyrus
274408 11029
gyrus frontopolaris superior
superior frontopolar gyrus
273103 5999
gyrus frontalis medius
middle frontal gyrus
274420 11032
gyrus frontopolaris medius
middle frontopolar gyrus
61894 6000
gyrus precentralis
precentral gyrus
61857 6002
gyrus frontalis superior
superior frontal gyrus
274414 11034
gyrus frontopolaris inferior
inferior frontopolar gyrus
274504 11035
gyrus frontomarginalis lobi frontalis
frontomarginal gyrus of frontal lobe
gyrus paracingularis
paracingulate gyrus
61919 6048
gyrus paraterminalis
paraterminal gyrus
72019 6050
gyrus paraolfactorius
paraolfactory gyrus
256194 6052
gyrus orbitalis
orbital gyrus
62419 8675
gyrus orbitalis medialis
medial orbital gyrus
256196 8676
gyrus orbitalis anterior
anterior orbital gyrus
80184 8677
gyrus orbitalis posterior
posterior orbital gyrus
62418 8678
gyrus orbitalis lateralis
lateral orbital gyrus
61893 6054
gyrus rectus
straight gyrus
gyrus lobi limbici
gyrus of limbic lobe
275048 8717
gyrus limbicus
limbic gyrus ; outer ring of limbic lobe
62434 6067
gyrus cingularis
cingulate gyrus ; gyrus of girdle
61918 6070
gyrus parahippocampalis
parahippocampal gyrus
gyrus ambiens
ambient gyrus
gyrus semilunaris
semilunar gyrus
gyrus uncinatus
uncinate gyrus
275054 8739
gyrus intralimbicus
intralimbic gyrus ; uncal apex
74038 8721
formatio hippocampi
hippocampal formation ; inner ring of limbic lobe
61922 6073
gyrus dentatus ; fascia dentata
dentate gyrus ; dentate fascia
61921 6069
gyrus fasciolaris
fasciolar gyrus
274526 6031
gyrus insulae
insular gyrus
67555 6032
gyrus longus insulae
long gyrus of insula
274723 11498
gyrus longus anterior insulae
anterior long gyrus of insula
274729 11508
gyrus longus posterior insulae
posterior long gyrus of insula
61913 6033
gyrus brevis insulae
short gyrus of insula
274705 11509
gyrus brevis anterior insulae
anterior short gyrus of insula
274711 11510
gyrus brevis medius insulae
middle short gyrus of insula
274717 11511
gyrus brevis posterior insulae
posterior short gyrus of insula
gyrus transversus insulae
transverse gyrus of insula
61915 11513
gyrus accessorius anterior insulae
anterior accessory gyrus of insula
75266 6036
limen insulae
limen of insula
274522 11500
gyrus lobi occipitalis
gyrus of occipital lobe
61901 8701
gyrus occipitalis superior
superior occipital gyrus
61902 8702
gyrus occipitalis medius
middle occipital gyrus
273129 8703
gyrus occipitalis inferior
inferior occipital gyrus
274557 8691
gyrus occipitalis descendens
descending occipital gyrus
61903 6060
61904 6062
gyrus lingualis ; gyrus occipitotemporalis medialis
lingual gyrus ; medial occipitotemporal gyrus
274520 11503
gyrus lobi parietalis
gyrus of parietal lobe
61896 6009
gyrus postcentralis
postcentral gyrus
61899 6011
lobulus parietalis superior
superior parietal lobule
77536 6006
lobulus parietalis inferior
inferior parietal lobule
61900 6059
274518 11507
gyrus lobi temporalis
gyrus of temporal lobe
61905 6019
gyrus temporalis superior
superior temporal gyrus
71043 8710
planum polare
polar plane
273671 6021
gyrus temporalis transversus
transverse temporal gyrus
71045 6024
planum temporale
temporal plane
61906 6027
gyrus temporalis medius
middle temporal gyrus
61907 6029
gyrus temporalis inferior
inferior temporal gyrus
61908 6063
gyrus fusiformis ; gyrus occipitotemporalis lateralis
fusiform gyrus ; lateral occipitotemporal gyrus
gyrus interlobaris
interlobar gyrus
operculum insulare
insular operculum
274737 8666
gyrus subcentralis
subcentral gyrus
77534 6045
lobulus paracentralis
paracentral lobule
67957 11525
segmentum gyri cerebri T4 54 children
segment of cerebral gyrus
274569 11549
segmentum gyri lobi frontalis
segment of gyrus of frontal lobe
61979 12423
segmentum gyri frontalis inferioris
segment of inferior frontal gyrus
61982 5995
pars orbitalis gyri frontalis inferioris
orbital part of inferior frontal gyrus
61980 5996
pars triangularis gyri frontalis inferioris
triangular part of inferior frontal gyrus
61981 5997
pars opercularis gyri frontalis inferioris
opercular part of inferior frontal gyrus
70671 12424
segmentum gyri frontalis medii
segment of middle frontal gyrus
70672 12425
segmentum gyri frontalis superioris
segment of superior frontal gyrus
274573 12427
segmentum gyri lobi parietalis
segment of gyrus of parietal lobe
274530 12432
segmentum lobuli parietalis inferioris
segment of inferior parietal lobule
61898 6005
gyrus angularis
angular gyrus
61897 6012
gyrus supramarginalis lobi parietalis
supramarginal gyrus of parietal lobe
274579 12428
segmentum gyri lobi occipitalis
segment of gyrus of occipital lobe
274571 12429
segmentum gyri lobi temporalis
segment of gyrus of temporal lobe
275026 12430
segmentum gyri lobi limbici
segment of gyrus of limbic lobe
segmentum gyri cingularis
segment of cingulate gyrus
segmentum gyri parahippocampalis
segment of parahippocampal gyrus
segmentum formationis hippocampi
segment of hippocampal formation
77604 6145
62486 6148
74414 6149
274575 12431
segmentum gyri insulae
segment of insular gyrus
273506 12436
segmentum lobuli paracentralis
segment of paracentral lobule
77537 6046
gyrus paracentralis anterior
anterior paracentral gyrus
77538 6058
gyrus paracentralis posterior
posterior paracentral gyrus
segmentum operculi insularis
segment of insular operculum
74886 5993
operculum frontale
frontal operculum
74889 6007
operculum parietale
parietal operculum
74891 6020
operculum temporale
temporal operculum
61823 5974
lobus cerebri
cerebral lobe
61824 5991
lobus frontalis
frontal lobe
61826 6004
lobus parietalis
parietal lobe
67325 6013
lobus occipitalis
occipital lobe
61825 6017
lobus temporalis
temporal lobe
67329 6030
insula ; insular lobe
72719 6066
lobus limbicus
limbic lobe
256204 12422
segmentum lobi cerebri
segment of cerebral lobe
62001 5263
62005 19594
segmentum diencephali
segment of diencephalon
61817 5971
hemispherium cerebri
cerebral hemisphere
61997 19591
segmentum mesencephali
segment of mesencephalon
83902 5669
tectum mesencephali
tectum of mesencephalon
62398 19595
segmentum tecti mesencephali
segment of tectum of midbrain
62393 5578
tegmentum mesencephali
tegmentum of mesencephalon
62399 19596
segmentum tegmenti mesencephali
segment of tegmentum of midbrain
61998 19592
segmentum rhombencephali
segment of rhombencephalon
rhombencephalon rostrale
rostral rhombencephalon ; rostral hindbrain
72244 5431
pons ; pars basilaris nominis pontis
pons ; basilar part of word pons
rhombencephalon caudale
caudal rhombencephalon ; caudal hindbrain
7647 5138
medulla spinalis
spinal cord
131 items
283 entities
Scientific notes
Libelle of note
The Diencephalon in its classic, columnar view was divided into four dorsoventrally arranged columns separated by ventricular sulci: the Epithalamus, the Dorsal thalamus, the Ventral thalamus and the Hypothalamus. Extensive embryological studies made it clear that the thalamic 'columns' are derived from transversely oriented zones, the Prosomeres (see TE). Currently, the (Caudal) Diencephalon is subdivided into three segmental units, which from caudal to rostral, contain in their alar domains the Pretectum (prosomere 1 or P1), the Epithalamus and the Thalamus (P2) and the Ventral thalamus or Prethalamus (P3). The diencephalic basal plate contains the rostral part of the Substantia nigra-VTA complex and some other nuclei, collectively forming the Diencephalic or Prerubral tegmentum between the Mesencephalon and the Hypothalamus. The entire Hypothalamus or Rostral diencephalon arises from the alar and basal components of the secondary prosencephalon. The Preoptic area is one of the subpallial developmental domains (Puelles L, Harrison M, Paxinos G, Watson C 2013 A developmental ontology for the mammalian brain based on the prosomeric model. Trends Neurosci 36:570-578).
Some new items have been added from ten Donkelaar HJ, Tzourio-Mazoyer N, Mai JK (2018) Toward a common terminology for the gyri and sulci of the human cerebral cortex. Front Neuroanat 12:93.
For subdivision of Broca’s area, see Amunts K, Schleicher A, Bürgel U, et al. (1999 Broca’s region revisited: Cytoarchitecture and intersubject variability. J Comp Neurol 412:319-341). The Sulcus diagonalis (of Eberstaller) is a variable branch of the Sulcus lateralis, dividing the Pars opercularis into two parts. The Sulcus radiatus (of Eberstaller) may indent the Pars triangularis from above.
See note # 6006
The Angular and supramarginal gyri form with the Parietal operculum the Lobulus parietalis inferior (Inferior parietal lobule or IPL). The Gyrus angularis (Angular gyrus; BA39) can be further subdivided (see Caspers S, Amunts K, Zilles K 2012 Posterior parietal cortex. In: Mai JK, Paxinos G, eds: The Human Nervous System, 3rd ed. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 1036-1035). The Operculum parietale (Parietal operculum) contains four cytoarchitectonic, functionally defined areas OP1-4 (see Eickhoff S, Schleicher A, Zilles K, Amunts K 2006a The human parietal operculum. I. Cytoarchitectonic mapping of subdivisions. Cereb Cortex 16:254-267; Eickhoff S, Amunts K, Mohlberg H, Zilles K 2006b Stereotaxic maps and correlation with functional imaginig results. Cereb Cortex 16:268-279). The Gyrus supramarginalis (Supramarginal gyrus; BA40) can be further subdivided (see Caspers et al. 2012).
See note # 6006
The Lobulus parietalis superior (Superior parietal lobule or SPL) can be divided into a Preparietal area (BA5 with subdivisions) and a Superior parietal area (BA7 with subdivisions; see Scheperjans F, Eickhoff SB, Mohlberg H, et al. 2008 Probabilistic maps, cytoarchitectonic morphometry, and variability of areas in human superior parietal cortex. Cereb Cortex 18:2141-2157).
See note # 6006
The Gyrus temporalis superior (Superior temporal gyrus; BA22) is not a homogeneous cortical area; it contains various cytoarchitectonically and functionally distinct cortical areas. Its Pars anterior (Anterior part or Belt area) forms the Secondary auditory cortex (BA42 or A2; see Morosan P, Rademacher J, Schleicher A, et al. 2001 Human primary auditory cortex: Cytoarchitecture, subdivisions and mapping into a spatial reference system. Neuroimage 13:684-701; Zilles and Amunts 2012). Its Pars posterior (Posterior part or Wernicke's area) is a loosely defined region which comprises the Posterior part of BA22 but also parts of the Inferior parietal lobule.
See note # 6019
The Dorsal part of the Gyrus temporalis superior contains three Sulci temporales transversi (Transverse temporal sulci): the Planum polare (Polar plane) is separated from the Transverse temporal gyri of Heschl by the Sulcus temporalis transversus anterior (Anterior transverse temporal sulcus), the Gyri temporales transversi (Transverse temporal gyri) are subdivided by the Sulcus temporalis transversus intermedius (Intermediate transverse temporal sulcus), and the Planum temporale (Temporal plane) is separated from the Posterior transverse temporal gyrus by the Sulcus temporalis transversus posterior (Posterior transverse temporal sulcus or Heschl's sulcus; see Duvernoy 1992).
See note # 6021
For the Inferomedial aspect of the Temporal lobe, usually the terms Gyrus temporalis inferior (T3), Gyrus fusiformis (T4) and Gyrus parahippocampalis (T5) are used, separated by the Occipitotemporal and the Collateral sulci.
See note # 9188
The following Gyri orbitales can be distinguished: 1) the Gyrus orbitalis medialis, the gyrus between the olfactory sulcus and the medial orbital sulcus; 2) the Gyrus orbitalis anterior, the cortex rostral to the transverse orbital sulcus; 3) the Gyrus orbitalis posterior, the cortex caudal to the transverse orbital sulcus; and 4) the Gyrus orbitalis lateralis, the gyrus lateral to the lateral orbital sulcus. The caudal parts of the medial and posterior orbital gyri merge to form the Lobulus orbitalis posteromedialis as described by Türe U, Yasargil DCH, Al-Mefti O, Yasargil MC (1999 Topographic anatomy of the insular region. J Neurosurg 90:720-733) and Naidich TP, Kang E, Fatterpekar GM, et al. (2004 The insula: Anatomic study and MR imaging display at 1.5T. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 25:222-232). Mai and Majtanik (2017 Human Brain in Standard MNI Space. Academic/Elsevier, San Diego) also described a Regio orbitalis posterolateralis.
The Gyrus cingularis (Cingulate gyrus) can at least be divided into an Anterior, a Posterior and a Retrosplenial part. Vogt BA, Palomero-Gallagher N (2012 Cingulate cortex. In: Mai JK, Paxinos G, eds: The Human Nervous System, 3rd ed. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 943-987) added a Midcingulate cortex.
See note # 8762
Usually, the Sulcus centralis does not reach the Sulcus lateralis and is separated from it by a short gyrus, the Gyrus subcentralis, which is formed by the 'fusion' of the Precentral and Postcentral gyri in their ventralmost parts. The Subcentral gyrus is delimited in front and behind by the Anterior and Posterior subcentral sulci (Dejerine 1895; Duvernoy 1992; Petrides and Pandya 2012). Also known as: Central or Rolandic operculum, and Inferior frontoparietal 'pli de passage'.
See note # 6052
See note # 6052
See note # 6052
See note # 6052
See note # 6071
See note # 6071
See note # 6071
In the French literature, for the Inner ring of the Limbic lobe the term Gyrus intralimbicus is used. In the German literature, however, this term is used for the Uncal apex.
See note # 12158
Type of list T3F
List Unit Identifier 19587
Sublist 1 5973 gyrus cerebri 173/66 on 18.11.2018
Sublist 2 11525 segmentum gyri cerebri 45/26 on 22.5.2020
Invalid signature 2632 (stored value 5177)
Error in sublist Found children 54 Found units 29
Subtotals subchildren 218 subunits 92
Proper children 54
Invalid check Found children: 282
Proper units 35
Invalid check Found units: 131
Invalid signature 1443 (stored value 5336)
Date: 27.08.2022