Partonomy list P4, primary language: LA, subsidiary: FR, interface: EN, work in progress

mesiocortex (par)

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Top level systema nervosum Short Extended
Level 2 encephalon Short Extended
Level 3 telencephalon Short Extended
Current level mesiocortex (par)
Subsidiary language with Latin
Non Latin primary language
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Short official Latin term
Short French equivalent
84039 6129 Tax
mesiocortex (par)
mésiocortex (paire)
8920 Tax
proisocortex (par)
proisocortex (paire)
8921 Tax
periallocortex (par)
périallocortex (paire)
8922 Tax
peripaleocortex (par)
péripaléocortex (paire)
8924 Tax
periarchicortex (par)
périarchicortex (paire)
strata presubiculi (par)
couches de la présubiculum (paire)
stratum moleculare presubiculi (par)
couche moléculaire de la présubiculum (paire)
stratum principale externum presubiculi (par)
couche principale externe de la présubiculum (paire)
stratum principale internum presubiculi (par)
couche principale interne de la présubiculum (paire)
strata parasubiculi (par)
couches de la parasubiculum (paire)
stratum moleculare parasubiculi (par)
couche moléculaire de la parasubiculum (paire)
stratum cellulare parasubiculi (par)
couche cellulaire de la parasubiculum (paire)
strata corticis entorhinalis (par)
couches du cortex entorhinal (paire)
stratum moleculare corticis entorhinalis (par) ; lamina 1 corticis entorhinalis (par)
couche moléculaire du cortex entorhinal (paire) ; lame 1 du cortex entorhinal (paire)
stratum principale externum corticis entorhinalis (par)
couche principale externe du cortex entorhinal (paire)
stratum stellare corticis entorhinalis (par) ; lamina 2 corticis entorhinalis (par)
couche stellaire du cortex entorhinal (paire) ; lame 2 du cortex entorhinal (paire)
stratum pyramidale corticis entorhinalis (par) ; lamina 3 corticis entorhinalis (par)
couche pyramidale du cortex entorhinal (paire) ; lame 3 du cortex entorhinal (paire)
lamina dissecans corticis entorhinalis (par) ; lamina 4 corticis entorhinalis (par)
lame dissécante du cortex entorhinal (paire) ; lame 4 du cortex entorhinal (paire)
stratum principale internum corticis entorhinalis (par) ; lamina 5 corticis entorhinalis (par)
couche principale interne du cortex entorhinal (paire) ; lame 5 du cortex entorhinal (paire)
stratum magnocellulare corticis entorhinalis (par) ; sublamina 5a corticis entorhinalis (par)
couche magnocellulaire du cortex entorhinal (paire) ; sublame 5a du cortex entorhinal (paire)
stratum parvocellulare corticis entorhinalis (par) ; sublamina 5b corticis entorhinalis (par)
couche parvocellulaire du cortex entorhinal (paire) ; sublame 5b du cortex entorhinal (paire)
stratum 5c corticis entorhinalis (par) ; sublamina 5c corticis entorhinalis (par)
couche 5c du cortex entorhinal (paire) ; sublame 5c du cortex entorhinal (paire)
strata corticis perirhinalis (par)
couches du cortex périrhinal (paire)
stratum moleculare corticis perirhinalis (par) ; lamina 1 corticis perirhinalis (par)
couche moléculaire du cortex périrhinal (paire) ; lame 1 du cortex périrhinal (paire)
stratum stellare corticis perirhinalis (par) ; lamina 2 corticis perirhinalis (par)
couche stellaire du cortex périrhinal (paire) ; lame 2 du cortex périrhinal (paire)
stratum pyramidale externum corticis perirhinalis (par) ; lamina 3 corticis perirhinalis (par)
couche pyramidale externe du cortex périrhinal (paire) ; lame 3 du cortex périrhinal (paire)
lamina dissecans corticis perirhinalis (par) ; lamina 4 corticis perirhinalis (par)
lame dissécante du cortex périrhinal (paire) ; lame 4 du cortex périrhinal (paire)
stratum pyramidale internum corticis perirhinalis (par) ; lamina 5 corticis perirhinalis (par)
couche pyramidale interne du cortex périrhinal (paire) ; lame 5 du cortex périrhinal (paire)
stratum multiforme corticis perirhinalis (par) ; lamina 6 corticis perirhinalis (par)
couche multiforme du cortex périrhinal (paire) ; lame 6 du cortex périrhinal (paire)
cortex cingularis (par)
cortex cingulaire (paire)
cortex retrosplenialis (par)
cortex rétrosplénial (paire)
cortex ectosplenialis (par)
cortex ectosplénial (paire)
cortex retrosplenialis granularis (par)
cortex rétrosplénial granulaire (paire)
cortex retrosplenialis dysgranularis (par)
cortex rétrosplénial dysgranulaire (paire)
34 lines
88.2 %
88.2 %
Scientific notes
Libelle of note
The Mesocortex (Rose M 1927 Der Allocortex bei Tier und Mensch. I. Teil. J Psychol Neurol (Lpz) 34:1-11) comprises the Proisocortex, a transition area between the Isocortex and the Allocortex, and the Periallocortex, the adjoining part of the Allocortex (Filimonoff 1947); also known as Paralimbic cortex (Mesulam 1985). The Periallocortex can further be subdivided into the Peripaleocortex (Claustrum) and the Periarchicortex (Entorhinal, Presubicular and Retrosplenial cortices and part of the Cingulate gyrus; Filimonoff 1947; Zilles and Amunts 2012).
The Cortex perirhinalis (Perirhinal cortex; BA35) and the Transentorhinal subregion of Braak and Braak (1992) are somewhat synonymous terms (Augustinack JC, Huber KE, Stevens AA, et al. 2013 Predicting the location of human perirhinal cortex, Brodmann's area 35, from MRI. Neuroimage 64:32-42). In other studies (Ding S-L, Van Hoesen GW 2010 Borders, extent, and topography of human perirhinal cortex as revealed using multiple modern neuroanatomical and pathological markers. Hum Brain Mapp 31:1359-1379), BA 36 is included within the Perirhinal cortex. This is unfortunate since BA35 is periarchicortex but BA36 (Ectorhinal cortex) is truly isocortex. The Layers of BA35 are comparable to those of the adjacent Entorhinal cortex.
In the Cortex entorhinalis (Entorhinal cortex), Insausti et al. (Insausti R, Tuñón T, Sobreviela T, et al. 1995 The human entorhinal cortex: A cytoarchitectonic analysis. J Comp Neurol 355:171-198) distinguished 8 subfields (EO, ER, ELR, EMI, EI, ELC, EC and ECL). For the layers of the Entorhinal cortex, the subdivision by Insausti and Amaral (2012) into six Laminae is advocated. To avoid confusion with isocortical layers, here, arabic numerals are used as in the literature. TH Latin and English terms (H4.8.03.104/114) are added. For Layers 2 and 3, the general term External principal layer is advocated, for Layer 5 Internal principal layer, following Braak H, Braak E (1992 The human entorhinal cortex: Normal morphology and lamina-specific pathology in various diseases. Neurosci Res 15:6-31). Layer 2 is made up of islands of relatively large and darkly stained modified pyramidal and stellate cells (Braak and Braak 1992: Pre-a). Layer 3 corresponds to layers Pre-ß and Pre-? of Braak and Braak (1992). The layers Pre-a, Pre-ß and Pre-? form their External principal layer. Layer 5 corresponds to the Internal principal layer with sublayers Pri-a, Pri-ß and Pri-? of Braak and Braak (1992).
The complex Cortex retrosplenialis (Retrosplenial cortex) consists of Periarchicortical (BA26) and Proisocortical (BA29, 30) areas (Braak H 1980 Architectonics of the Human Telencephalic Cortex. Springer, Berlin-Heidelberg-New York; Zilles and Amunts 2012). The TH nomenclature (H4.8.03.122/129) seems to combine these different structures. The Cortex ectosplenialis (Ectosplenial cortex; BA26) has a primitive three-laminar pattern with Molecular, Densocellular and Multiform layers. The Cortex retrosplenialis granularis (Granular retrosplenial cortex; BA29) shows a four-layered structure: Molecular, External and Internal pyramidal and Multiform layers. The Cortex retrosplenialis dysgranularis (Dysgranular retrosplenial cortex; BA 30) shows a further progression of laminar differentiation with an additional (Internal) granular layer.
For further subdivision of the Cortex cingularis (Cingulate cortex) with Layers, see Vogt BA, Palomero-Gallager N (2012) Cingulate cortex. In: Mai JK, Paxinos G, eds: The Human Nervous System, 3rd ed. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 934-987.
TH subdivision into six layers (H4.8.03.115/121) suggested a well-divided structure. Insausti and Amaral (2012) emphasized that the laminar organization of the Presubiculum is complex and only poorly understood. They described a single, superficially located cellular layer made up of External and Internal principal layers. Their subdivision is followed here.
Type of list P4
List Unit Identifier 6129
Number of children 101 (validated)
Number of units 34 (validated)
Signature 700 (validated since 12.12.2020)
Date: 31.05.2024