Partonomy list P4, primary language: LA, subsidiary: FR, interface: EN, work in progress

complexus claustroinsularis (par)

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Top level systema nervosum
Level 2 encephalon Short Extended
Level 3 telencephalon Short Extended
Current level complexus claustroinsularis (par)
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Non Latin primary language English French Spanish Russian
Partonomy list
Short official Latin term
Short French equivalent
39148 9180
complexus claustroinsularis (par)
agrégat claustroinsulaire (paire)
67440 39151 6187
claustrum (par)
barrière (paire)
39154 9186
claustrum dorsale (par) ; claustrum insulare (par)
barrière dorsale (paire) ; barrière insulaire (paire) ; ERR1
39157 9187
claustrum ventrale (par) ; nucleus endopiriformis (par)
barrière ventrale (paire) ; noyau endopiriforme (paire) ; ERR1
39160 9188
cortex insularis (par)
cortex insulaire (paire)
39163 9189
cortex insularis agranularis (par)
cortex insulaire agranulaire (paire)
39166 9206
neura projectionis corticis insularis (par)
neurones de projection du cortex insulaire (paire)
39169 9222
neura bipolaria magna corticis insularis (par)
grands neurones bipolaires du cortex insulaire (paire)
39172 9223
cortex insularis dysgranularis (par)
cortex insulaire dysgranulaire (paire)
39175 9227
cortex insularis granularis (par)
cortex insulaire granulaire (paire)
10 lines
100.0 %
100.0 %
Scientific notes
Libelle of note
Traditionally, the Claustrum is divided into a Dorsal (Insular) claustrum, connected with the Isocortex, and a Ventral (Piriform) claustrum or Endopiriform nucleus, connected with the Allocortex (see Druga R 2014 The structure and connections of the claustrum. In: Smythies JR, Edelstein LR, Ramachandran VS, eds: The Claustrum, Academic Press, San Diego, CA, pp 29-84).
The Pallium laterale gives rise to the Claustro-insular complex (see Puelles L 2014 Development and evolution of the claustrum. In: Smythies JR, Edelstein LR, Ramachandran VS, eds: The Claustrum, Academic Press, San Diego, CA, pp 119-176).
The Insula is composed of three Belt regions (see Mesulam M-M and Mufson EJ (1985 The insula of Reil in man and monkey. Architectonics, connectivity and function. In: Peters A, Jones EG, eds, Cerebral Cortex, Vol 4, Plenum Press, New York, pp 179-226): 1) The Cortex insularis agranularis (Agranular insular cortex, where Layers II and IV are lacking) in the Anterior insula is characterized by a Superficial pyramidal layer and an Inner cell layer, continuous with the Pyramidal layer of the Piriform cortex. Here, the recently rediscovered von Economo neurons (VENs) are found (see Allman JM, Tetreault NA, Hakeem AY, et al. 2011 The von Economo neurons in fronto-insular and anterior cingulate cortex. Ann NY Acad Sci 1225:59-71). 2) The Cortex insularis dysgranularis (Dysgranular insular cortex), a Proisocortical region characterized by the presence of an inconspicuous Inner granular layer IV. Layers V and VI are also not as clearly separated from each other as in true isocortex. 3) The Cortex insularis granularis (Granular insular cortex), a posterior granular region with clearly visible Inner (layer IV) and Outer (layer II) granular layers (True isocortex; see also Zilles and Amunts 2012).
See note # 9188
See note # 9188
Type of list P4
List Unit Identifier 9180
Number of children 29 (validated)
Number of units 10 (validated)
Signature 16965 (validated since 19.4.2018)
Date: 31.12.2021