Partonomy list P4, primary language: LA, subsidiary: FR, interface: EN, work in progress

lobus limbicus (par)

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Top level systema nervosum Short Extended
Level 2 encephalon Short Extended
Level 3 telencephalon Short Extended
Current level lobus limbicus (par)
Subsidiary language with Latin
Non Latin primary language
Partonomy list
Short official Latin term
Short French equivalent
72719 6066
lobus limbicus (par)
lobe limbique (paire)
275048 8717 Tax
gyrus limbicus (par)
gyrus limbique (paire)
61890 6047 Tax
area subcallosa ; gyrus subcallosus
aire subcalleuse ; gyrus subcalleux
62434 6067 Tax
gyrus cingularis (par)
gyrus cingulaire (paire) ; gyrus de la ceinture (paire)
61916 8718
pars anterior (par)
partie antérieure (paire)
276530 8720
pars media (par)
partie moyenne (paire)
61924 8726
pars posterior (par)
partie postérieure (paire)
cortex retrosplenialis
cortex rétrosplénial
62502 6068
isthmus gyri cingularis (par)
isthme du gyrus cingulaire (paire)
61918 6070 Tax
gyrus parahippocampalis (par)
gyrus parahippocampique (paire)
cortex entorhinalis (par)
cortex entorhinal (paire)
substantia reticularis alba (par)
matière blanche réticulaire (paire)
verrucae hippocampi (par)
verrues hippocampiques (paire)
cortex perirhinalis (par)
cortex périrhinal (paire)
subregio transentorhinalis (par)
subrégion transentorhinal (paire)
74884 6071
uncus (par)
uncus (paire)
8734 Tax
gyrus ambiens (par)
gyrus ambiens (paire)
sulcus semianularis (par)
sillon semianulaire (paire)
8736 Tax
gyrus semilunaris (par)
gyrus semilunaire (paire)
8737 Tax
gyrus uncinatus (par)
gyrus unciforme (paire)
limbus fasciae dentatae (par)
limbe du fascia denté (paire); limbe du gyrus denté (paire)
275054 8739 Tax
gyrus intralimbicus (par)
gyrus intralimbique (paire)
83751 6042
sulcus collateralis ; sulcus occipitotemporalis medialis
sillon collatéral ; sillon occipitotemporal médial
83746 6076
sulcus rhinalis (par)
sillon rhinal (paire)
sulcus intrarhinalis (par)
sillon intrarhinal (paire)
regio periamygdaloidea (par)
région périamygdaloïde (paire)
74038 8721 Tax
formatio hippocampi (par)
formation hippocampique (paire)
277774 8722
pars precommissuralis hippocampi (par)
partie précommissurale de l'hippocampe (paire)
pars supracommissuralis hippocampi (par)
partie supracommissurale de l'hippocampe (paire)
62439 6083
stria longitudinalis lateralis (par)
strie longitudinale latérale (paire)
62488 6082
indusium griseum (par)
indusium gris (paire)
67956 6084
stria longitudinalis medialis (par)
strie longitudinale médiale (paire)
277777 8724
hippocampus proprius (par) ; pars retrocommissuralis hippocampi (par)
hippocampe propre (paire) ; partie rétrocommissurale de l'hippocampe (paire)
divisiones hippocampi proprii (par)
divisions de l'hippocampe propre (paire)
323277 6146
pes hippocampi (par)
pied de l'hippocampe (paire)
digitationes hippocampi (par)
digitations de l'hippocampe (paire)
275036 9275
caput hippocampi (par) ; segmentum anterius hippocampi (par)
tête de l'hippocampe (paire) ; segment antérieur de l'hippocampe (paire)
275030 9278
corpus hippocampi (par) ; segmentum medium hippocampi (par)
corps de l'hippocampe (paire) ; segment moyen de l'hippocampe (paire)
275042 9294
cauda hippocampi (par) ; segmentum posterius hippocampi (par)
queue de l'hippocampe (paire) ; segment postérieur de l'hippocampe (paire)
83747 6072
sulcus hippocampalis (par)
sillon hippocampique (paire)
61922 6073 Tax
gyrus dentatus (par) ; fascia dentata (par)
gyrus denté (paire) ; fascia denté (paire)
83728 6074
sulcus fimbriodentatus (par)
sillon fimbriodenté (paire)
8762 Tax
dentes subiculi (par) ; gyri subspleniales (par)
dents du subiculum (paire) ; gyrus subspléniaux (paire)
61921 6069 Tax
gyrus fasciolaris (par)
gyrus fasciolaire (paire)
275093 8757 Tax
fasciola cinerea (par)
fasciola cinerea (paire)
74414 6149 Tax
subiculum (par)
subiculum (paire)
62486 6148 Tax
presubiculum (par)
présubiculum (paire)
77604 6145 Tax
parasubiculum (par)
parasubiculum (paire)
48 lines
87.5 %
83.3 %
Scientific notes
Libelle of note
The Gyrus cingularis (Cingulate gyrus) can at least be divided into an Anterior, a Posterior and a Retrosplenial part. Vogt BA, Palomero-Gallagher N (2012 Cingulate cortex. In: Mai JK, Paxinos G, eds: The Human Nervous System, 3rd ed. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 943-987) added a Midcingulate cortex.
See note # 8762
The Uncus is treated in various ways: 1) as the rostral part of the Parahippocampal gyrus; 2) as a structure on its own. TNA suggests the latter. Insausti R and Amaral DG (2012 Hippocampal formation. In: Mai JK, Paxinos G, eds: The Human Nervous System, 3rd ed. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 896-942) advocated to restrict the term Uncus to the Gyrus uncinatus, the Band or limbus of Giacomini and the Gyrus intralimbicus (or Uncal apex). The Sulcus semianularis (Semi-anular sulcus) separates the Ambient and Semilunar sulci (see Duvernoy HM 1992, 1998 The Human Hippocampus, 2nd ed. Springer, Berlin-Heidelberg-New York). The Gyrus uncinatus is the most rostral part of Uncal bulge, according to Insausti and Amaral (2012) and part of field CA1. The Limbus fasciae dentatae (Band of dentate gyrus) is the Middle part of the Uncus, first described by Giacomini CH (1884 Fascia dentata du grand hippocampe dans le cerveau de l'homme. Arch Ital Biol 5:1-16, 205-209, 396-417) and part of the Dentate gyrus. The Gyrus intralimbicus (Intralimbic gyrus or Uncal apex) is the most caudal part of the Uncal bulge and part of field CA3.
The Cortex perirhinalis (Perirhinal cortex) is also not included in TA; for description, see Augustinack JC, Huber KE, Stevens AA, et al. (2013 Predicting the location of human perirhinal cortex, Brodmann's area 35, from MRI. Neuroimage 64:32-42).
Field CA4 appears to correspond most closely to the polymorph zone of the Dentate gyrus, and, therefore, is not a field of the Hippocampus at all. Amaral and Insausti (Amaral DG, Insausti R 1990 Hippocampal formation. In: Paxinos G, ed: The Human Nervous System. Academic Press, San Diego, CA, pp 711-755) suggested the term 'CA3h' for the pyramidal cells within the hilus ('h'), continuous with CA3.
See note # 6071
See note # 6071
See note # 6071
See note # 6071
See note # 6071
In the French literature, for the Inner ring of the Limbic lobe the term Gyrus intralimbicus is used. In the German literature, however, this term is used for the Uncal apex.
The Cortex entorhinalis (Entorhinal cortex) is not included in TA; for description, see Braak H, Braak E (1992 The human entorhinal cortex: Normal morphology and lamina-specific pathology in various diseases. Neurosci Res 15:6-31. The Substantia reticularis alba (White reticular substance of Arnold) is the white matter surrounding the darker patches of Layer 2 cell islands. The Verrucae hippocampi (Hippocampal warts) are located above these cell islands and described by Retzius G (1896 Das Menschenhirn: Studien in der makroskopischen Morphologie. Norstedt, Stockholm) and Klingler J (1948 Die makroskopische Anatomie der Ammonsformation. Denkschr Schweiz Naturforsch Ges, Vol 78, Fretz, Zürich). They mark the surface of the Entorhinal cortex.
See note # 8740
The Sulcus intrarhinalis (Intrarhinal sulcus) is found between the Ambient gyrus and the Entorhinal cortex (see Duvernoy 1992; Insausti and Amaral 2012).
See note # 8762
The Dentes subiculi (Gyri of Andreas Retzius) were described by Retzius (1896) for the Caudal part of CA1 at the Hippocampal tail; the term Gyri subspleniales (Subsplenial gyri) indicate their position. Deep to the Gyri andreae retzii, two obliquely oriented small gyri are found (Duvernoy 1998; Insausti and Amaral 2012): 1) a medial gyrus: the Fasciola cinerea, which forms the visible part of the Dentate gyrus as descibed by Giacomini (1884) and Klingler (1948); and 2) a lateral gyrus: Gyrus fasciolaris (Fasciolar gyrus), corresponding to the caudal end of the CA3 field.
The complex Cortex retrosplenialis (Retrosplenial cortex) consists of Periarchicortical (BA26) and Proisocortical (BA29, 30) areas (Braak H 1980 Architectonics of the Human Telencephalic Cortex. Springer, Berlin-Heidelberg-New York; Zilles and Amunts 2012). The TH nomenclature (H4.8.03.122/129) seems to combine these different structures. The Cortex ectosplenialis (Ectosplenial cortex; BA26) has a primitive three-laminar pattern with Molecular, Densocellular and Multiform layers. The Cortex retrosplenialis granularis (Granular retrosplenial cortex; BA29) shows a four-layered structure: Molecular, External and Internal pyramidal and Multiform layers. The Cortex retrosplenialis dysgranularis (Dysgranular retrosplenial cortex; BA 30) shows a further progression of laminar differentiation with an additional (Internal) granular layer.
In the Regio periamygdaloidea (Periamygdaloid region) according to Brockhaus H (1940 Zur normalen und pathologischen Anatomie des Mandelkerngebietes. J Psychol Neurol (Lpz) 49:1-136) and Stephan (1975) only two layers can be distinguished.
Type of list P4
List Unit Identifier 6066
Number of children 137 (validated)
Number of units 48 (validated)
Signature 16857 (validated since 3.4.2019)
Date: 31.05.2024