Partonomy list P4, primary language: LA, subsidiary: FR, interface: EN, work in progress

insula (par)

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Top level systema nervosum Short Extended
Level 2 encephalon Short Extended
Level 3 telencephalon Short Extended
Current level insula (par)
Subsidiary language with Latin
Non Latin primary language
Partonomy list
Short official Latin term
Short French equivalent
67329 6030
insula (par)
îlot (paire)
274526 6031 Tax
gyri insulae (par)
gyrus du îlot (paire) ; gyrus insulaires (paire)
67555 6032 Tax
gyri longi insulae (par)
gyrus longs du îlot (paire)
274723 11498 Tax
gyrus longus anterior insulae (par)
gyrus long antérieur du îlot (paire)
274729 11508 Tax
gyrus longus posterior insulae (par)
gyrus long postérieur du îlot (paire)
61913 6033 Tax
gyri breves insulae (par)
gyrus courts du îlot (paire)
274705 11509 Tax
gyrus brevis anterior insulae (par)
gyrus court antérieur du îlot (paire)
274711 11510 Tax
gyrus brevis medius insulae (par)
gyrus court moyen du îlot (paire)
274717 11511 Tax
gyrus brevis posterior insulae (par)
gyrus court postérieur du îlot (paire)
12167 Tax
gyrus transversus insulae (par)
gyrus transverse du îlot (paire)
61915 11513 Tax
gyrus accessorius anterior insulae (par)
gyrus accessoire antérieur du îlot (paire)
83753 6035
sulcus circularis insulae (par) ; sulcus periinsularis (par)
sillon circulaire du îlot (paire) ; sillon périinsulaire (paire)
83779 6034
sulcus centralis superior insulae (par)
sillon central supérieur du îlot (paire)
75266 6036 Tax
limen insulae (par)
limen du îlot (paire)
regio peripaleocorticalis claustralis (par)
région péripaléocorticale claustrale (paire)
15 lines
80.0 %
73.3 %
Scientific notes
Libelle of note
See note # 9188
The Insula is composed of three Belt regions (see Mesulam M-M and Mufson EJ (1985 The insula of Reil in man and monkey. Architectonics, connectivity and function. In: Peters A, Jones EG, eds, Cerebral Cortex, Vol 4, Plenum Press, New York, pp 179-226): 1) The Cortex insularis agranularis (Agranular insular cortex, where Layers II and IV are lacking) in the Anterior insula is characterized by a Superficial pyramidal layer and an Inner cell layer, continuous with the Pyramidal layer of the Piriform cortex. Here, the recently rediscovered von Economo neurons (VENs) are found (see Allman JM, Tetreault NA, Hakeem AY, et al. 2011 The von Economo neurons in fronto-insular and anterior cingulate cortex. Ann NY Acad Sci 1225:59-71). 2) The Cortex insularis dysgranularis (Dysgranular insular cortex), a Proisocortical region characterized by the presence of an inconspicuous Inner granular layer IV. Layers V and VI are also not as clearly separated from each other as in true isocortex. 3) The Cortex insularis granularis (Granular insular cortex), a posterior granular region with clearly visible Inner (layer IV) and Outer (layer II) granular layers (True isocortex; see also Zilles and Amunts 2012).
Type of list P4
List Unit Identifier 6030
Number of children 44 (validated)
Number of units 15 (validated)
Signature 23596 (validated since 27.3.2019)
Date: 31.05.2024