Partonomy list P4, primary language: LA, subsidiary: FR, interface: EN, work in progress

lobus frontalis (par)

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Top level systema nervosum
Level 2 encephalon Short Extended
Level 3 telencephalon Short Extended
Current level lobus frontalis (par)
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Non Latin primary language English French Spanish Russian
Partonomy list
FMA TA TID UID
Short official Latin term
Short French equivalent
61824 25033 5991
lobus frontalis (par)
lobe frontal (paire)
38487 8658
facies superolateralis (par)
face supérolatérale (paire)
38490 8659
sulcus frontomarginalis (par)
sillon frontomarginal (paire)
74885 38493 5992
polus frontalis (par)
pôle frontal (paire)
274406 26762 11028
area frontopolaris (par)
aire frontopolaire (paire)
274408 26771 11029
gyrus frontopolaris superior (par)
gyrus frontopolaire supérieur (paire)
274420 26893 11032
gyrus frontopolaris medius (par)
gyrus frontopolaire moyen (paire)
274414 27363 11034
gyrus frontopolaris inferior (par)
gyrus frontopolaire inférieur (paire)
274504 27463 11035
gyrus frontomarginalis (par)
gyrus frontomarginal (paire)
74886 5993 5993
operculum frontale
opercule frontal
61860 38499 5994
gyrus frontalis inferior (par)
gyrus frontal inférieur (paire)
61982 38502 5995
pars orbitalis (par)
partie orbitaire (paire)
61980 38505 5996
pars triangularis (par)
partie triangulaire (paire)
27466 11840
sulcus radiatus (par)
sillon radiant (paire)
61981 38508 5997
pars opercularis (par)
partie operculaire (paire)
83758 38511 8780
sulcus diagonalis (par)
sillon diagonal (paire)
83757 38514 5998
sulcus frontalis inferior (par)
sillon frontal inférieur (paire)
273103 38517 5999
gyrus frontalis medius (par)
gyrus frontal moyen (paire)
38520 8660
cortex prefrontalis superolateralis (par)
cortex préfrontal supérolatéral (paire)
38523 8661
cortex prefrontalis dorsolateralis (par)
cortex préfrontal dorsolatéral (paire)
38526 8662
cortex prefrontalis ventrolateralis (par)
cortex préfrontal ventrolatéral (paire)
38529 8663
cortex premotorius superolateralis (par)
cortex prémoteur supérolatéral (paire)
38532 8664
cortex premotorius dorsalis (par)
cortex prémoteur dorsal (paire)
38535 8665
cortex premotorius ventralis (par)
cortex prémoteur ventral (paire)
61894 27915 6000
gyrus precentralis (par)
gyrus précentral (paire)
29175 12236
cortex motorius primarius gyri precentralis (par)
cortex moteur primaire du gyrus précentral (paire)
83800 27912 6001
sulcus precentralis (par)
sillon précentral (paire)
83765 38541 8667
sulcus subcentralis anterior (par)
sillon subcentral antérieur (paire)
83778 38544 8668
sulcus subcentralis posterior (par)
sillon subcentral postérieur (paire)
61857 38547 6002
gyrus frontalis superior (par)
gyrus frontal supérieur (paire)
83755 38550 6003
sulcus frontalis superior (par)
sillon frontal supérieur (paire)
38698 9118
facies inferomedialis (par)
face inféromédiale (paire)
61857 6002 6002
gyrus frontalis superior
gyrus frontal supérieur
27469 12158
sulcus paracingularis (par)
sillon paracingulaire (paire)
27473 12159
gyrus paracingularis (par)
gyrus paracingulaire (paire)
83782 38701 6044
sulcus paracentralis (par)
sillon paracentral (paire)
77534 6045 6045
lobulus paracentralis
lobule paracentral
77537 6046 6046
gyrus paracentralis anterior
gyrus paracentral antérieur
12237 12237
cortex motorius primarius
cortex moteur primaire
38710 8669
cortex prefrontalis inferomedialis (par)
cortex préfrontal inféromédial (paire)
38713 8670
cortex prefrontalis medialis (par)
cortex préfrontal médial (paire)
38716 8671
cortex premotorius inferomedialis (par)
cortex prémoteur inféromédial (paire)
38719 8672
cortex premotorius medialis (par)
cortex prémoteur médial (paire)
61890 38722 6047
area subcallosa (par) ; gyrus subcallosus (par)
aire subcalleuse (paire) ; gyrus subcalleux (paire)
61919 38725 6048
gyrus paraterminalis (par)
gyrus paraterminal (paire)
61890 38728 6049
area paraolfactoria (par)
aire paraolfactive (paire)
72019 38731 6050
gyrus paraolfactorius (par)
gyrus paraolfactif (paire)
38735 6051
sulci paraolfactorii (par)
sillons paraolfactifs (paire)
83744 38738 8673
sulcus paraolfactorius anterior (par)
sillon paraolfactif antérieur (paire)
83745 38741 8674
sulcus paraolfactorius posterior (par)
sillon paraolfactif postérieur (paire)
256194 38745 6052
gyri orbitales (par)
gyrus orbitaires (paire)
62419 38748 8675
gyrus orbitalis medialis (par)
gyrus orbitaire médial (paire)
256196 38751 8676
gyrus orbitalis anterior (par)
gyrus orbitaire antérieur (paire)
80184 38754 8677
gyrus orbitalis posterior (par)
gyrus orbitaire postérieur (paire)
62418 38757 8678
gyrus orbitalis lateralis (par)
gyrus orbitaire latéral (paire)
27481 12160
lobulus orbitalis posteromedialis (par)
lobule orbitaire postéromédial (paire)
27547 12161
regio orbitalis posterolateralis (par)
région orbitaire postérolatérale (paire)
83770 38761 6053
sulci orbitales (par)
sillons orbitaires (paire)
38764 8679
sulcus orbitalis lateralis (par)
sillon orbitaire latéral (paire)
83771 38767 8680
sulcus orbitalis transversus (par)
sillon orbitaire transverse (paire)
38770 8681
sulcus orbitalis medialis (par)
sillon orbitaire médial (paire)
27863 12162
sulcus rostralis superior (par)
sillon rostral supérieur (paire)
27894 12163
sulcus rostralis inferior (par)
sillon rostral inférieur (paire)
61893 38773 6054
gyrus rectus (par)
gyrus droit (paire)
83769 38776 6055
sulcus olfactorius (par)
sillon olfactif (paire)
38779 8682
substantia perforata anterior (par) ; substantia perforata rostralis (par)
substance perforée antérieure (paire) ; substance perforée rostrale (paire)
38782 8683
structurae olfactoriae (par)
structures olfactives (paire)
77624 38785 6195
bulbus olfactorius (par)
bulbe olfactif (paire)
77625 38788 6196
pedunculus olfactorius (par)
pédoncule olfactif (paire)
77626 6197 6197
tractus olfactorius
voie olfactive
74883 38791 6198
trigonum olfactorium (par)
trigone olfactif (paire)
61891 6199 6199
tuberculum olfactorium
tubercule olfactif
38795 6200
striae olfactoriae (par)
stries olfactives (paire)
77627 38798 6201
stria olfactoria medialis (par)
strie olfactive médiale (paire)
61971 38801 6202
stria olfactoria lateralis (par)
strie olfactive latérale (paire)
46174 14202
tractus olfactorius lateralis (par)
voie olfactive latérale (paire)
38804 8686
regio retrobulbaris (par)
région rétrobulbaire (paire)
38807 8687
cortex piriformis (par) ; cortex olfactorius primarius (par)
cortex piriforme (paire) ; cortex olfactif primaire (paire)
38810 8689
pars frontalis (par)
partie frontale (paire)
38813 8690
pars temporalis (par)
partie temporale (paire)
80 lines
97.5 %
97.5 %
Scientific notes
UID
Libelle of note
5992
For the Polus frontalis (Frontal pole) and its subdivision, see Petrides M, Pandya DN (2012 The frontal lobe. In: Mai JK, Paxinos G, eds: The Human Nervous System, 3rd ed. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 988-1011; Bludau S, Eickhoff SB, Mohlberg H, et al. (2014) Cytoarchitecture, probability maps and functions of the human frontal pole. Neuroimage 93:260-275.
5996
For subdivision of Broca’s area, see Amunts K, Schleicher A, Bürgel U, et al. (1999 Broca’s region revisited: Cytoarchitecture and intersubject variability. J Comp Neurol 412:319-341). The Sulcus diagonalis (of Eberstaller) is a variable branch of the Sulcus lateralis, dividing the Pars opercularis into two parts. The Sulcus radiatus (of Eberstaller) may indent the Pars triangularis from above.
6052
The following Gyri orbitales can be distinguished: 1) the Gyrus orbitalis medialis, the gyrus between the olfactory sulcus and the medial orbital sulcus; 2) the Gyrus orbitalis anterior, the cortex rostral to the transverse orbital sulcus; 3) the Gyrus orbitalis posterior, the cortex caudal to the transverse orbital sulcus; and 4) the Gyrus orbitalis lateralis, the gyrus lateral to the lateral orbital sulcus. The caudal parts of the medial and posterior orbital gyri merge to form the Lobulus orbitalis posteromedialis as described by Türe U, Yasargil DCH, Al-Mefti O, Yasargil MC (1999 Topographic anatomy of the insular region. J Neurosurg 90:720-733) and Naidich TP, Kang E, Fatterpekar GM, et al. (2004 The insula: Anatomic study and MR imaging display at 1.5T. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 25:222-232). Mai and Majtanik (2017 Human Brain in Standard MNI Space. Academic/Elsevier, San Diego) also described a Regio orbitalis posterolateralis.
6053
Lateral to the Sulcus olfactorius, there are two longitudinally directed sulci, the Sulcus orbitalis medialis and the Sulcus orbitalis lateralis, which are joined together by the Sulcus orbitalis transversus to form the impression of an H or a K pattern (Duvernoy 1992; Petrides and Pandya 2012). The cingulate sulcus continues around the rostrum of the corpus callosum, where it is also known as the Sulcus rostralis superior. This sulcus may continue as the Sulcus rostralis inferior, which separates the straight gyrus from the medial surface of the frontal lobe.
8659
The Sulcus frontomarginalis (Frontomarginal sulcus of Wernicke) is an important landmark in the frontal polar region (Duvernoy HM 1992 Le cerveau humain. Springer, Paris; Tamraz JC, Comair YG 2006 Atlas of Regional Anatomy of the Brain Using MRI. Springer, Berlin-Heidelberg-New York), and used as such in the DTI literature (Catani M, Thiebaut de Schotten M 2012 Atlas of Human Brain Connections. Oxford University Press, Oxford).
8663
The various Motor areas of the Frontal lobe are known as F1-F7 in monkey brains (see Geyer G, Luppino L, Rozzi G 2012 Motor cortex. In: Mai JK, Paxinos G, eds: The Human Nervous System, 3rd ed. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 1012-1035): F1 is the Primary motor cortex, F2 the Caudal part of the Cortex premotorius dorsalis, F3, the the Caudal part of the Cortex premotorius medialis (SMA proper), F4 the Caudal part of the Cortex premotorius ventralis, F5 the Rostral part of the Cortex premotorius ventralis, F6 the Rostral part of the Cortex premotorius medialis (Pre-SMA), and F7 the Rostral part of the Cortex premotorius dorsalis.
8664
See note # 8663
8665
See note # 8663
8666
Usually, the Sulcus centralis does not reach the Sulcus lateralis and is separated from it by a short gyrus, the Gyrus subcentralis, which is formed by the 'fusion' of the Precentral and Postcentral gyri in their ventralmost parts. The Subcentral gyrus is delimited in front and behind by the Anterior and Posterior subcentral sulci (Dejerine 1895; Duvernoy 1992; Petrides and Pandya 2012). Also known as: Central or Rolandic operculum, and Inferior frontoparietal 'pli de passage'.
8667
See note # 8666
8668
See note # 8666
8671
See note # 8663
8672
See note # 8663
8675
See note # 6052
8676
See note # 6052
8677
See note # 6052
8678
See note # 6052
8679
See note # 6053
8680
See note # 6053
8681
See note # 6053
8686
The term Nucleus olfactorius anterior of TA is mostly cortical and is replaced by the more appropriate term Regio retrobulbaris (see Zilles and Amunts 2012). The two- or three-layered structure recognizable in lower primates is hardly visible in the human brain.
8780
See note # 5996
12158
Frequently, a series of furrows delineates the Sulcus paracinguli (Paracingulate sulcus), which separates the medial division of the superior frontal gyrus from the Gyrus paracinguli (Paracingulate gyrus).
12159
See note # 12158
12160
See note # 6052
12161
See note # 6052
12162
See note # 6053
12163
See note # 6053
Signature
Type of list P4
List Unit Identifier 5991
Number of children 225 (validated)
Number of units 80 (validated)
Signature 6303 (validated since 12.12.2020)
Date: 31.12.2021