Partonomy list P3F, primary language: LA, subsidiary: EN, interface: EN, work in progress

diencephalon

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Top level systema nervosum
Level 2 encephalon Short Extended
Current level diencephalon Short
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Partonomy list
FMA TA TID UID
Short official Latin term
Short English equivalent
62001 5263 5263
diencephalon
diencephalon
27485 7511
external morphology of diencephalon
62010 39327 5775
prethalamus (par)
prethalamus (pair)
26915 9028
eminentia prethalamica (par)
prethalamic eminence (pair)
62080 5774 5774
stria medullaris prethalami ; stria medullaris thalami
stria medullaris of prethalamus; stria medullaris of thalamus
62007 39330 5769
thalamus (par)
thalamus (pair)
74867 39333 5770
tuberculum anterius thalami (par)
anterior thalamic tubercle (pair)
62178 39336 5772
pulvinar (par)
pulvinar (pair)
62023 39339 5776
metathalamus (par)
metathalamus (pair)
62209 5777 5777
corpus geniculatum laterale
lateral geniculate body
62211 5778 5778
corpus geniculatum mediale
medial geniculate body
62009 5765 5765
epithalamus
epithalamus
62032 39348 5766
habenula (par)
habenula (pair)
62048 5792 5792
commissura habenulae
habenular commissure
78466 39351 5767
sulcus habenulae (par) ; sulcus habenularis (par)
sulcus of habenula (pair)
74868 39354 5768
trigonum habenulare (par)
habenular trigone (pair)
62033 3543 3543
glandula pinealis ; corpus pineale
pineal gland ; pineal body
9185 9185
pretectum
pretectum
62072 5794 5794
commissura posterior
posterior commissure
28867 7512
morphologia interna diencephali
internal morphology of diencephalon
83917 9033 9033
grey matter of prethalamus
62026 39357 5849
nucleus reticularis prethalami (par) ; nucleus reticularis thalami (par)
reticular nucleus of prethalamus (pair) ; reticular nucleus of thalamus (pair)
62215 39360 5904
nucleus ventralis corporis geniculati lateralis (par) ; nucleus pregeniculatus (par)
ventral lateral geniculate nucleus (pair); pregeniculate nucleus (pair)
27806 5894
nuclei campi perizonalis (par)
nuclei of perizonal field (pair)
62037 27812 5895
nucleus campi medialis (par)
nucleus of medial field (pair) ; H field (pair)
77526 27818 5896
nucleus campi dorsalis (par)
nucleus of dorsal field (pair) ; H1 field (pair)
27821 5897
nucleus campi ventralis (par)
nucleus of ventral field (pair) ; H2 field (pair)
62038 27831 5898
zona incerta (par)
zona incerta (pair)
29964 6304
cellulae dopaminergicae zonae incertae (par) ; cellulae dopaminergicae A13 (par)
dopaminergic cells of zona incerta (pair) ; dopaminergic cells A13 (pair)
83914 39363 5813
grey matter of thalamus (pair)
39366 5814
nuclei anteriores thalami (par) ; regio anterior thalami (par)
anterior nuclei of thalamus (pair) ; anterior region of thalamus (pair)
62141 39369 5815
nucleus anterodorsalis (par)
anterodorsal nucleus (pair)
62142 39372 5816
nucleus anteromedialis (par)
anteromedial nucleus (pair)
62143 39375 5817
nucleus anteroventralis (par)
anteroventral nucleus (pair)
62176 26934 5819
nucleus dorsalis lateralis (par)
dorsal superficial nucleus (pair); laterodorsal nucleus (pair); ERR1
26919 5832
nuclei mediales thalami (par) ; regio medialis thalami (par)
medial nuclei of thalamus (pair) ; medial region of thalamus (pair)
62156 26922 5833
nucleus mediodorsalis (par)
mediodorsal nucleus (pair)
62162 26925 5834
pars parvocellularis (par) ; nucleus lateralis (par)
parvocellular nucleus (pair); lateral nucleus (pair)
62161 26928 5835
pars magnocellularis (par) ; nucleus medialis (par)
magnocellular nucleus (pair); medial nucleus (pair)
62160 26931 5836
pars paralaminaris (par)
paralaminar part (pair)
26938 5826
nuclei intralaminares thalami (par)
intralaminar nuclei of thalamus (pair)
26942 8628
nuclei intralaminares anteriores (par)
anterior intralaminar nuclei (pair)
62171 26956 5828
nucleus centralis medialis (par)
central medial nucleus (pair)
62172 26959 5830
nucleus paracentralis (par)
paracentral nucleus (pair)
62170 26953 5827
nucleus centralis lateralis (par)
central lateral nucleus (pair)
29002 12224
nucleus cucullaris (par)
cucullar nucleus (pair)
26946 8629
nuclei intralaminares centrales (par)
central intralaminar nuclei (pair)
62165 26962 5829
nucleus centromedianus (par)
centromedian nucleus (pair)
62166 26965 5831
nucleus parafascicularis (par)
parafascicular nucleus (pair)
26971 8630
nucleus subparafascicularis (par)
subparafascicular nucleus (pair)
26950 8631
nuclei intralaminares posteriores (par)
posterior intralaminar nuclei (pair)
62220 26974 5846
nucleus limitans (par)
limitans nucleus (pair)
62222 26977 5848
nucleus suprageniculatus (par)
suprageniculate nucleus (pair)
26981 5850
nuclei laterales thalami (par) ; regio ventralis thalami (par)
lateral nuclei of thalamus (pair) ; ventral region of thalamus (pair)
62184 26984 5863
nucleus ventralis anterior (par)
ventral anterior nucleus (pair)
26987 5864
pars magnocellularis (par)
magnocellular division (pair)
26990 5865
pars principalis (par)
principal division (pair)
26994 5860
nuclei ventrales laterales (par)
lateral ventral nuclei (pair)
26997 5861
nucleus ventrolateralis anterior (par)
anterior ventrolateral nucleus (pair)
27000 5862
nucleus ventrolateralis posterior (par)
posterior ventrolateral nucleus (pair)
27003 5855
nuclei ventrales mediales (par)
medial ventral nuclei (pair)
27006 5856
nucleus ventromedialis basalis (par)
basal ventromedial nucleus (pair)
27009 5857
nucleus ventromedialis principalis (par)
principal ventromedial nucleus (pair)
27012 5858
nucleus submedialis (par)
submedial nucleus (pair)
27015 8632
nucleus ventromedialis posterior (par)
posterior ventromedial nucleus (pair)
27019 5851
nuclei ventrobasales (par)
ventrobasal nuclei (pair)
84350 27022 5852
nucleus ventralis posterolateralis (par)
ventral posterolateral nucleus (pair)
27034 9026
pars anterior (par)
anterior part (pair)
27037 9029
pars posterior (par)
posterior part (pair)
62202 27025 5853
nucleus ventralis posteromedialis (par)
ventral posteromedial nucleus (pair)
62207 27031 5854
pars parvocellularis (par)
parvocellular part (pair)
62199 27040 5859
nucleus ventralis posteroinferior (par)
ventral posteroinferior nucleus (pair)
27044 5838
nuclei periventriculares thalami (par)
periventricular nuclei of thalamus (pair) ; midline nuclei (pair)
62151 27047 5839
nucleus parataenialis (par)
parataenial nucleus (pair)
62152 27050 5840
nucleus paraventricularis thalami (par)
paraventricular nucleus of thalamus (pair)
62153 27053 5843
nucleus medioventralis (par) ; nucleus reuniens (par)
medioventral nucleus (pair) ; reuniens nucleus (pair)
27057 5845
nuclei posteriores thalami (par) ; regio posterior thalami (par)
posterior nuclei of thalamus (pair) ; posterior region of thalamus (pair)
62177 27060 5820
nucleus lateralis posterior (par)
lateral posterior nucleus (pair)
27064 5821
nuclei pulvinares (par)
pulvinar nuclei (pair)
62180 27067 5822
nucleus pulvinaris anterior (par)
anterior pulvinar nucleus (pair)
62183 27070 5823
nucleus pulvinaris inferior (par)
inferior pulvinar nucleus (pair)
62181 27073 5824
nucleus pulvinaris lateralis (par)
lateral pulvinar nucleus (pair)
62182 27076 5825
nucleus pulvinaris medialis (par)
medial pulvinar nucleus (pair)
27692 7521
corpora geniculata (par) ; nuclei geniculati thalami (par) ; regio geniculata (par)
geniculate bodies (pair) ; geniculate nuclei (pair) ; geniculate region (pair)
62209 39342 5777
corpus geniculatum laterale (par)
lateral geniculate body (pair)
62214 39378 5900
nucleus dorsalis corporis geniculati lateralis (par)
dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (pair)
76988 27688 5901
strata koniocellularia (par)
koniocellular layers (pair)
39381 5902
strata magnocellularia (par)
magnocellular layers (pair)
39384 5903
strata parvocellularia (par)
parvocellular layers (pair)
62211 39345 5778
corpus geniculatum mediale (par)
medial geniculate body (pair)
39387 5906
nuclei corporis geniculati medialis (par)
nuclei of medial geniculate body (pair)
62217 39390 5907
nucleus ventralis (par)
ventral principal nucleus (pair)
62216 39393 5908
nucleus dorsalis (par)
dorsal nucleus (pair)
62218 39396 5909
nucleus magnocellularis medialis (par)
medial magnocellular nucleus (pair)
83932 39399 5870
white matter of thalamus (pair)
31846 9024
radices centrales thalami (par)
central roots of thalamus (pair)
62046 5782 5782
tractus opticus
optic tract
27716 8292
tractus proprii thalami (par)
intrinsic tracts of thalamus (pair)
62469 5871 5871
lamina medullaris lateralis
external medullary lamina
62470 5872 5872
lamina medullaris medialis
internal medullary lamina
5880 5880
fibrae intrathalamicae
intrathalamic fibres
5885 5885
fibrae periventriculares thalami
periventricular fibres of thalamus
26329 8307
tractus longi thalami (par)
long tracts of thalamus (pair)
27725 8311
tractus ascendentes medullae spinalis (par)
ascending spinal tracts (pair)
77766 12531 12531
tractus anterolateralis ; systema anterolaterale ; lemniscus spinalis
anterolateral tract ; anterolateral system ; spinal lemniscus
27728 8318
fibrae spinothalamicae
spinothalamic fibres
7958 7958
tractus cervicothalamicus
cervicothalamic tract
27850 8633
tractus ascendentes trunci encephali (par)
ascending brain stem tracts (pair)
83675 5298 5298
lemniscus medialis
medial lemniscus
83852 34075 8426
tractus trigeminothalamici
trigeminothalamic tracts
12170 12170
tractus trigeminothalamicus lateralis
lateral trigeminothalamic tract
5462 5462
tractus trigeminothalamicus anterior ; tractus trigeminothalamicus ventralis ; lemniscus trigeminalis
anterior trigeminothalamic tract ; ventral trigeminothalamic tract ; trigeminal lemniscus
72500 5463 5463
tractus trigeminothalamicus posterior ; tractus trigeminothalamicus dorsalis
posterior trigeminothalamic tract ; dorsal trigeminothalamic tract
8430 8430
tractus vestibulothalamicus
vestibulothalamic tract
71114 5583 5583
brachium colliculi inferioris
brachium of inferior colliculus
72417 5584 5584
brachium colliculi superioris
brachium of superior colliculus
72495 5760 5760
pedunculus cerebellaris superior
superior cerebellar peduncle
27854 8634
tractus efferentes telencephali (par)
efferent telencephalic tracts (pair)
27729 8525
fibrae corticothalamicae
corticothalamic fibres
62070 5874 5874
ansa lenticularis
ansa lenticularis
61976 5875 5875
fasciculus lenticularis
lenticular fasciculus
62065 5890 5890
fasciculus thalamicus
thalamic fasciculus
8654 8654
fasciculus mammillothalamicus
mammillothalamic fasciculus ; mamillothalamic tract ▲
27868 8635
tractus efferentes thalami (par) ; radiationes thalamicae (par)
efferent tracts of thalamus (pair) ; thalamic radiations (pair)
76976 5877 5877
radiatio thalamica anterior ; radiatio anterior thalami
anterior thalamic radiation
27730 8498
fibrae thalamofrontales
thalamofrontal fibres
76978 5878 5878
radiatio thalamica centralis ; radiatio centralis thalami
central thalamic radiation
27902 7574
fibrae thalamoparietales
thalamoparietal fibres
76980 5879 5879
radiatio thalamica inferior ; radiatio inferior thalami
inferior thalamic radiation
33980 5876
fibrae thalamotemporales
thalamotemporal fibres
62071 7618 7618
ansa peduncularis
ansa peduncularis
8500 8500
radiatio acustica
acoustic radiation
76982 5886 5886
radiatio thalamica posterior ; radiatio posterior thalami
posterior thalamic radiation
61941 5884 5884
radiatio optica
optic radiation
7923 7923
fasciculus anterior
anterior bundle
7924 7924
fasciculus centralis
central bundle
7925 7925
fasciculus dorsalis
dorsal bundle
9184 9184
grey matter of epithalamus
62372 28062 5803
nucleus habenularis lateralis (par)
lateral habenular nucleus (pair)
62373 28065 5804
nucleus habenularis medialis (par)
medial habenular nucleus (pair)
6321 6321
cellulae cholinergicae epithalami ; cellulae cholinergicae Ch7
cholinergic cells of epithalamus ; cholinergic cells Ch7
9104 9104
white matter of epithalamus
26898 8637
tractus commissurales epithalami
commissural tracts of epithalamus
62048 5792 5792
commissura habenulae
habenular commissure
26900 8638
tractus longi epithalami
long tracts of epithalamus
26902 8639
tractus efferentes epithalami
epithalamic efferent tracts
5802 5802
tractus habenulointerpeduncularis ; fasciculus retroflexus
habenulointerpeduncular tract ; fasciculus retroflexus
8640 8640
grey matter of pretectum
62402 26851 5805
area pretectalis (par)
pretectal area (pair)
272352 26855 5806
nuclei pretectales (par)
pretectal nuclei (pair)
26858 5807
nucleus pretectalis anterior (par)
anterior pretectal nucleus (pair)
72403 26861 5808
nucleus tractus optici (par)
nucleus of optic tract (pair)
72405 26864 5809
nucleus pretectalis olivaris (par)
olivary pretectal nucleus (pair)
84355 26867 5810
nucleus pretectalis posterior (par)
posterior pretectal nucleus (pair)
68463 39402 8641
nucleus commissurae posterioris (par)
nucleus of posterior commissure (pair)
39405 8642
pars principalis (par)
principal part (pair)
39408 8643
pars magnocellularis (par)
magnocellular part (pair)
256154 26871 5638
nuclei accessorii tractus optici (par)
accessory nuclei of optic tract (pair)
77651 26874 5639
nucleus accessorius posterior tractus optici (par) ; nucleus accessorius dorsalis tractus optici (par)
posterior accessory nucleus of optic tract (pair) ; dorsal accessory nucleus of optic tract (pair)
77652 26877 5640
nucleus accessorius lateralis tractus optici (par)
lateral accessory nucleus of optic tract (pair)
77653 26880 5641
nucleus accessorius medialis tractus optici (par)
medial accessory nucleus of optic tract (pair)
8644 8644
white matter of pretectum
28051 8645
tractus commissurales pretecti (par)
commissural tracts of pretectum (pair)
62072 5794 5794
commissura posterior
posterior commissure
28055 8647
tractus longi pretecti (par)
long tracts of pretectum (pair)
28059 8648
tractus descendentes pretecti (par)
descending tracts of pretectum (pair)
8490 8490
tractus tegmentalis medialis
medial tegmental tract
8491 8491
tractus pretectoolivaris
pretectoolivary tract
8622 8622
prerubral tegmentum ; diencephalic tegmentum
8650 8650
substantia grisea tegmenti prerubralis
grey matter of prerubral tegmentum of diencephalon
26887 8144
nucleus interstitialis (par)
interstitial nucleus (pair)
27759 8147
nucleus interstitialis rostralis fasciculi longitudinalis medialis (par)
rostral interstitial nucleus of medial longitudinal fasciculus of telencephalon (pair)
27763 8150
nucleus ellipticus (par)
elliptic nucleus (pair)
62035 25568 5893
nucleus subthalamicus (par)
subthalamic nucleus (pair)
8651 8651
substantia alba tegmenti prerubralis
white matter of prerubral tegmentum of diencephalon ; white substance of prerubral tegmentum of diencephalon
26890 8652
tractus longi tegmenti prerubralis
long tracts of prerubral tegmentum of diencephalon
26892 8653
tractus efferentes prerubrales
prerubral efferent tracts
8490 8490
tractus tegmentalis medialis
medial tegmental tract
8492 8492
tractus prerubroolivaris
prerubroolivary tract
8495 8495
fasciculus longitudinalis medialis descendens
descending medial longitudinal fasciculus
8494 8494
tractus interstitiospinalis
interstitiospinal tract
181 lines
98.1 %
91.2 %
Scientific notes
UID
Libelle of note
5263
The Diencephalon in its classic, columnar view was divided into four dorsoventrally arranged columns separated by ventricular sulci: the Epithalamus, the Dorsal thalamus, the Ventral thalamus and the Hypothalamus. Extensive embryological studies made it clear that the thalamic 'columns' are derived from transversely oriented zones, the Prosomeres (see TE). Currently, the (Caudal) Diencephalon is subdivided into three segmental units, which from caudal to rostral, contain in their alar domains the Pretectum (prosomere 1 or P1), the Epithalamus and the Thalamus (P2) and the Ventral thalamus or Prethalamus (P3). The diencephalic basal plate contains the rostral part of the Substantia nigra-VTA complex and some other nuclei, collectively forming the Diencephalic or Prerubral tegmentum between the Mesencephalon and the Hypothalamus. The entire Hypothalamus or Rostral diencephalon arises from the alar and basal components of the secondary prosencephalon. The Preoptic area is one of the subpallial developmental domains (Puelles L, Harrison M, Paxinos G, Watson C 2013 A developmental ontology for the mammalian brain based on the prosomeric model. Trends Neurosci 36:570-578).
5813
For the Thalamic nuclei, a new subdivision based on Hirai T, Jones EG (1989 A new parcellation of the human thalamus on the basis of histochemical staining. Brain Res Rev 14:1-34) and updated by Morel A, Magnin M, Jeanmonod D (1997 Multiarchitectonic and stereotactic atlas of the human thalamus. J Comp Neurol 387:618-677) is used to replace the list of terms in TA (14.1.08.603-14.1.08.658), largely a matter of a more practical grouping of nuclei. As Latin synonym the term Regio is adopted from Percheron G (2004 Thalamus. In: Paxinos G, Mai JK, eds: The Human Nervous System, 2nd ed. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 592-675).
8147
New term, described by Horn, AKE, Büttner-Ennever, JA (1998 Premotor neurons for vertical eye-movements in the rostral mesencephalon of monkey and man: The histological identification by parvalbumin immunostaining. J Comp Neurol 392:413-427) as a premotor nucleus for vertical eye movements.
8150
See note # 8641
8426
(Tractus trigeminothalamici): The Tractus trigeminothalamicus anterior arises in the Spinal trigeminal nucleus and joins the Medial lemniscus, whereas the Tractus trigeminothalamicus lateralis arises in the Caudal part of the Spinal trigeminal nucleus and joins the Anterolateral tract.
8430
(Tractus vestibulothalamicus): In monkeys, Vestibulothalamic projections pass via both the FLM and the Ascending tract of Deiters (Lang W, Büttner-Ennever JA, Büttner U 1979 Vestibular projections to the monkey thalamus: An autoradiographic study. Brain Res 177:3-17). Zwergal et al. (2008) demonstrated a Vestibulothalamic tract adjacent to the Medial lemniscus in humans (Zwergal A, Büttner-Ennever JA, Brandt T, Strupp M 2008 An ipsilateral vestibulothalamic tract adjacent to the medial lemniscus in humans. Brain 131:2928-2935).
8622
The basal parts of the prosomeres P1-P3 form several nuclei, previously included in the Mesencephalon (see General footnote). The rostral parts of the Substantia nigra/VTA-complex also derive from P1-P3. The term Tegmentum prerubrale is preferred as topographic term over Tegmentum diencephali.
8632
The Nucleus ventromedialis posterior (Ventromedial posterior nucleus; VMpo) is a newly discovered nucleus involved in pain perception as part of the Ventromedial nucleus (Blomqvist A, Zhang ET, Craig AD 2000 Cytoarchitectonic and immunohistochemical characterization of a specific pain and tempearature relay, the posterior portion of the ventral medial nucleus, in the human thalamus. Brain 123:601-619).
8641
Replaced from Mesencephalon; for the subdivision of this nucleus, Principal and Magnocellular parts are adopted, following Olszewski and Baxter3. The Ventral division is renamed as Nucleus ellipticus (coming from Cetacea and Proboscidea) or Nucleus of Darkschewitsch, not part of the Nucleus of the posterior commissure.
Signature
Type of list P3F
List Unit Identifier 5263
Sublist 1 5813 substantia grisea thalami 194/65 on 30.12.2021
Sublist 2 5870 substantia alba thalami 58/43 on 16.4.2018
Sublist 3 7511 morphologia externa diencephali 35/18 on 30.12.2021
Sublist 4 8622 tegmentum prerubrale 20/13 on 7.7.2019
Sublist 5 8640 substantia grisea pretecti 39/14 on 16.4.2018
Sublist 6 8644 substantia alba pretecti 12/7 on 25.3.2019
Sublist 7 9033 substantia grisea prethalami 24/9 on 3.6.2018
Sublist 8 9104 substantia alba epithalami 5/6 on 16.4.2018
Sublist 9 9184 substantia grisea epithalami 7/4 on 16.4.2018
Subtotals subchildren 394 subunits 179
Proper children 10
Number of children 404 (validated)
Proper units 2
Number of units 181 (validated)
Signature 2905 (validated since 30.12.2021)
Date: 31.12.2021