Partonomy list P4, primary language: LA, subsidiary: EN, interface: EN, work in progress

lobus temporalis (par)

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Top level systema nervosum
Level 2 encephalon Short Extended
Level 3 telencephalon Short Extended
Current level lobus temporalis (par)
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Partonomy list
Short official Latin term
Short English equivalent
61825 38441 6017
lobus temporalis (par)
temporal lobe (pair)
38616 8705
facies superolateralis (par)
superolateral surface (pair)
74890 38619 6018
polus temporalis (par)
temporal pole (pair)
61905 38622 6019
gyrus temporalis superior (par)
superior temporal gyrus (pair)
38625 8706
pars anterior (par) ; cortex auditorius secundarius (par)
anterior part (pair) ; secondary auditory cortex (pair) ; ERR1
38628 8708
pars posterior (par)
posterior part (pair)
74891 6020 6020
operculum temporale
temporal operculum
71043 38634 8710
planum polare (par)
polar plane (pair)
273671 38638 6021
gyri temporales transversi (par)
transverse temporal gyri (pair)
31170 12252
cortex auditorius primarius (par)
primary auditory cortex (pair) ; core area (pair)
61909 38641 6022
gyrus temporalis transversus anterior (par)
anterior transverse temporal gyrus (pair)
61910 38644 6023
gyrus temporalis transversus posterior (par)
posterior transverse temporal gyrus (pair)
71045 38647 6024
planum temporale (par)
temporal plane (pair)
83782 38651 6025
sulci temporales transversi (par)
transverse temporal sulci (pair)
38654 8711
sulcus temporalis transversus anterior (par)
anterior transverse temporal sulcus (pair)
38657 8712
sulcus temporalis transversus intermedius (par)
intermediate transverse temporal sulcus (pair)
38660 8713
sulcus temporalis transversus posterior (par)
posterior transverse temporal sulcus (pair)
83783 38663 6026
sulcus temporalis superior (par)
superior temporal sulcus (pair)
61906 38666 6027
gyrus temporalis medius (par)
middle temporal gyrus (pair)
83784 38669 6028
sulcus temporalis inferior (par)
inferior temporal sulcus (pair)
61907 38672 6029
gyrus temporalis inferior (par)
inferior temporal gyrus (pair)
38856 9129
facies inferomedialis (par)
inferomedial surface (pair)
61907 6029 6029
gyrus temporalis inferior
inferior temporal gyrus
74518 6065 6065
sulcus occipitotemporalis ; sulcus occipitotemporalis lateralis
occipitotemporal sulcus ; lateral occipitotemporal sulcus
61908 38843 6063
gyrus fusiformis (par) ; gyrus occipitotemporalis lateralis (par)
fusiform gyrus (pair) ; lateral occipitotemporal gyrus (pair)
27933 12164
pars medialis gyri fusiformis (par)
medial part of fusiform gyrus (pair)
28290 12165
pars lateralis gyri fusiformis (par)
lateral part of fusiform gyrus (pair)
38862 8714
cortex ectorhinalis (par)
ectorhinal cortex (pair)
28302 12166
sulcus fusiformis medius (par)
midfusiform sulcus (pair)
83751 6042 6042
sulcus collateralis ; sulcus occipitotemporalis medialis
collateral sulcus ; medial occipitotemporal sulcus
61918 6070 6070
gyrus parahippocampalis
parahippocampal gyrus
31 lines
96.8 %
95.5 %
Scientific notes
Libelle of note
The Gyrus temporalis superior (Superior temporal gyrus; BA22) is not a homogeneous cortical area; it contains various cytoarchitectonically and functionally distinct cortical areas. Its Pars anterior (Anterior part or Belt area) forms the Secondary auditory cortex (BA42 or A2; see Morosan P, Rademacher J, Schleicher A, et al. 2001 Human primary auditory cortex: Cytoarchitecture, subdivisions and mapping into a spatial reference system. Neuroimage 13:684-701; Zilles and Amunts 2012). Its Pars posterior (Posterior part or Wernicke's area) is a loosely defined region which comprises the Posterior part of BA22 but also parts of the Inferior parietal lobule.
See note # 6019
The Dorsal part of the Gyrus temporalis superior contains three Sulci temporales transversi (Transverse temporal sulci): the Planum polare (Polar plane) is separated from the Transverse temporal gyri of Heschl by the Sulcus temporalis transversus anterior (Anterior transverse temporal sulcus), the Gyri temporales transversi (Transverse temporal gyri) are subdivided by the Sulcus temporalis transversus intermedius (Intermediate transverse temporal sulcus), and the Planum temporale (Temporal plane) is separated from the Posterior transverse temporal gyrus by the Sulcus temporalis transversus posterior (Posterior transverse temporal sulcus or Heschl's sulcus; see Duvernoy 1992).
See note # 6021
For the Inferomedial aspect of the Temporal lobe, usually the terms Gyrus temporalis inferior (T3), Gyrus fusiformis (T4) and Gyrus parahippocampalis (T5) are used, separated by the Occipitotemporal and the Collateral sulci.
See note # 6019
See note # 6019
The Cortex ectorhinalis (BA36) is often included as part of the Perirhinal cortex (Ding S-L, Van Hoesen GW 2010 Borders, extent, and topography of human perirhinal cortex as revealed using multiple modern neuroanatomical and pathological markers. Hum Brain Mapp 31:1359-1379) but lies on the other side of the Collateral sulcus.
Type of list P4
List Unit Identifier 6017
Number of children 82 (validated)
Number of units 31 (validated)
Signature 3038 (validated since 14.3.2020)
Date: 31.12.2021