Partonomy list P4, primary language: LA, subsidiary: EN, interface: EN, work in progress

parietes auris mediae (par)

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Top level systema nervosum
Level 2 organum vestibulocochleare (par) Short Extended
Level 3 auris media (par) Short Extended
Current level parietes auris mediae (par)
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Non Latin primary language English French Spanish Russian
Partonomy list
Short official Latin term
Short English equivalent
77677 30725 8190
parietes auris mediae (par)
walls of middle ear (pair)
56002 30747 7164
paries tegmentalis (par)
tegmental wall (pair) ; tegmental roof (pair); ERR1
43665 14060
processus tegmentalis inferior (par)
inferior tegmental process (pair) ; cog (pair)
77642 30750 7167
paries jugularis (par)
jugular wall (pair) ; inferior wall (pair)
30755 8202
apertura tympani canaliculi tympani (par)
tympanic opening of tympanic canaliculus (pair)
60971 30761 7169
paries labyrinthicus (par)
labyrinthine wall (pair) ; medial wall (pair)
56913 30764 7170
fenestra vestibuli (par); fenestra ovalis (par)
vestibular window (pair) ; oval window (pair)
76921 30767 7171
fossula fenestrae vestibuli (par) ; fossula fenestrae ovalis (par); ERR1
fossa of vestibular window (pair) ; fossa of oval window (pair); ERR1
77697 30791 7179
processus cochleariformis (par)
cochleariform process (pair)
77694 30770 7172
promontorium cavitatis tympani (par)
promontory of tympanic cavity (pair)
75343 30773 7173
sulcus promontorii cavitatis tympani (par)
groove of promontory of tympanic cavity (pair)
30797 8205
ponticulus promontorii cavitatis tympani (par)
ponticulus of promontory of tympanic cavity (pair)
77695 30776 7174
subiculum promontorii cavitatis tympani (par)
subiculum of promontory of tympanic cavity (pair)
43668 14061
finiculus promontorii cavitatis tympani (par) ; sustentaculum promontorii cavitatis tympani (par)
finiculus of promontory of tympanic cavity (pair) ; sustentaculum of promontory of tympanic cavity (pair)
43671 14062
canaliculus subcochlearis (par)
subcochlear canaliculus (pair)
43674 14063
postis anterior (par)
anterior pillar (pair)
43677 14064
canonus fossulae fenestrae cochlearis (par) ; tegmen fenestrae cochlearis (par)
canopy of fossa of cochlear window (pair) ; roof of cochlear window (pair)
43680 14065
postis posterior (par)
posterior pillar (pair)
77696 30779 7175
sinus tympanicus (par) ; sinus tympani (par)
tympanic sinus (pair)
43707 14070
sinus subtympanicus (par)
subtympanic sinus (pair)
56932 30782 7176
fenestra cochlearis (par) ; fenestra rotunda (par)
cochlear window (pair) ; round window (pair)
76922 30785 7177
fossula fenestrae cochlearis (par)
fossa of cochlear window (pair) ; round window niche (pair)
43787 14071
fustis (par)
fustis (pair)
75143 30788 7178
crista fenestrae cochlearis (par) ; crista fenestrae rotundae (par)
crest of cochlear window (pair) ; crest of round window (pair)
56958 30794 7180
membrana tympani secundaria (par)
secondary tympanic membrane (pair)
77646 30800 7181
paries mastoideus (par)
mastoid wall (pair) ; posterior wall (pair)
56797 30803 7182
aditus antri mastoidei (par)
aditus to mastoid antrum (pair)
77730 30806 7183
prominentia canalis semicircularis lateralis (par)
prominence of lateral semicircular canal (pair)
77731 30809 7184
prominentia canalis nervi facialis (par)
prominence of facial canal (pair)
77732 30812 7185
eminentia pyramidalis (par)
pyramidal eminence (pair)
43995 14073
crista pyramidalis (par)
pyramidal crest (pair) ; pyramidal ridge (pair)
43998 14074
apertura eminentiae pyramidalis (par)
opening of pyramidal eminence (pair)
25135 8303
eminentia chordae tympani (par)
chordal eminence (pair)
44001 14075
crista chordalis (par) ; chordiculus (par) ; ERR1
chordal crest (pair) ; chordiculus (pair) ; ERR1
76923 30815 7186
fossa incudis (par)
fossa of incus (pair)
77692 30758 7168
eminentia styloidea (par) ; prominentia styloidea (par)
styloid eminence (pair) ; styloid prominence (pair)
44187 14077
crista styloidea (par)
styloid ridge (pair)
77733 30818 7187
sinus tympanicus posterior (par) ; sinus tympani posterior (par)
posterior tympanic sinus (pair)
30842 8208
apertura tympanica canaliculi chordae tympani posterioris (par)
tympanic opening of posterior canaliculus of chorda tympani (pair) ; tympanic aperture of posterior canaliculus of chorda tympani (pair)
44249 14078
sinus facialis (par)
facial sinus (pair)
44307 14079
sinus tympanicus lateralis (par) ; sinus tympani lateralis (par)
lateral tympanic sinus (pair)
55711 30825 7189
antrum mastoideum (par)
mastoid antrum (pair)
55800 30829 7190
cellulae mastoideae (par)
mastoid cells (pair)
30833 7191
cellulae tympanicae (par)
tympanic cells (pair)
77679 30836 7192
paries caroticus (par)
carotid wall (pair) ; anterior wall (pair)
45824 8696
ostium tympanicum canalis nervi petrosi minoris (par)
hiatus of canal for lesser petrosal nerve (pair)
25245 14080
recessus supratubarius (par)
supratubal recess (pair)
44374 14081
plica musculi tensoris tympani (par)
tensor tympani fold (pair)
44386 14082
recessus subtensorius (par)
subtensor recess (pair)
55808 560 560
canalis musculotubarius
musculotubal canal
56439 561 561
semicanalis musculi tensoris tympani
semicanal of tensor tympani muscle
75763 563 563
septum canalis musculotubarii
septum of musculotubal canal
56442 562 562
semicanalis tubae auditivae
semicanal of auditory tube
32868 8380
apertura tympanica canaliculi chordae tympani anterioris (par)
tympanic opening of anterior canaliculus of chorda tympani (pair) ; tympanic aperture of anterior canaliculus of chorda tympani (pair)
44402 14085
protiniculum (par)
protiniculum (pair)
44554 14086
recessus caroticocochlearis (par)
caroticocochlear recess (pair)
45453 14087
crista protympanica (par)
protympanic crest (pair)
55463 617 617
fissura petrotympanica
petrotympanic fissure
77230 559 559
canaliculi caroticotympanici
caroticotympanic canaliculi
9595 30839 7193
paries membranaceus (par)
membranous wall (pair) ; lateral wall (pair)
60 lines
92.3 %
94.3 %
Scientific notes
Libelle of note
The promontorium gives rise to several bony ridges: (a) the ponticulus promontorii; (b) the subiculum promontorii; and (c) the finiculus.
In the retrotympanum, lateral and medial spaces relative to the facial nerve and pyramidal eminences were defined: lateral, the sinus facialis and the sinus tympanicus lateralis; medial, the sinus tympanicus posterior and the sinus tympanicus.
The paries mastoideus shows three bony eminences, each giving rise to a ridge: (a) the eminentia pyramidalis; (b) the eminentia chordae tympani; and (c) the eminentia styloidea.
See note # 7175
For the paries auris mediae, several new terms have been added giving credit to clinical findings (from Mansour S. Magnan J, Ahmad Hh, Nicolas K, Louryan S 2019 Comprehensive and Clinical Anatomy of the Middle Ear, 2nd ed. Springer, Cham).
New term; the Ponticulus promontorii is a thin bony bridge from the Eminentia pyramidalis to the Promontorium (from Lang J 1992 Klinische Anatomie des Ohres. Springer, Wien - New York).
The chorda tympani passes from the facial canal through the posterior tympanic canaliculus to enter the tympanic cavity via the apertura tympanica canaliculi chordae tympani posterioris; via the apertura tympanica canaliculi chordae tympani anterioris, the chorda tympani enters the anterior tympanic canaliculus (see also TA98, A02.1.06.011 canaliculus chordae tympani)
See note # 8208
The clinical term cog refers to a coronally oriented osseous ridge protruding in the middle ear cavity, for which the term processus inferior tegminis was introduced (Lang J 1992 Klinische Anatomie des Ohres. Springer, Wien – New York).
The promontorium shows a bony overhang over the cochlear or round window, comprising a postis anterior (anterior pillar), a roof (tegmen) and a postis posterior (posterior pillar) as described by Bolobas B (1972 A hallószery mikrochirurgial anatomija. Könykiadó, Budapest (in Hungarian); Proctor B, Bolobas B, Niparko JK 1986 Anatomy of the round window niche. Acta Otol Rhinol Laryngol 95:444-446). For the tegmen, the term canonus fossulae fenestrae cochleae has been suggested as it forms a canopy overhanging the cochlear window (Topsakal V, Matulic M, Assadi MZ, Mertens G, Van Rompaey V, Van de Heyning P 2020 Comparison of the surgical techniques and robotic techniques for cochlear implantation in terms of the trajectories toward the inner ear. J Int Adv Otol 16:3-7).
See note # 14061
See note # 14061
See note # 14061
See note # 14061
See note # 7175
See note # 7175
Type of list P4
List Unit Identifier 8190
Invalid check Found children: 167
Invalid check Found units: 60
Invalid signature 7058 (stored value 15772)
Date: 09.09.2021