Partonomy list P3, primary language: LA, subsidiary: RU, interface: EN, work in progress


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Top level systema nervosum
Level 2 encephalon Short Extended
Current level diencephalon Extended
Subsidiary language with Latin English French Spanish Russian
Non Latin primary language English French Spanish Russian
Partonomy list
Short official Latin term
Short Russian equivalent
62001 5263 5263
промежуточный мозг
27485 7511
наружная морфология промежуточный мозга
28867 7512
morphologia interna diencephali
внутренная морфология промежуточный мозга
83917 9033 9033
серый вещество предталамуса
83914 39363 5813
серый вещество таламуса (пара)
83932 39399 5870
белый вещество таламуса (пара)
9184 9184
серый вещество надталамуса
9104 9104
белый вещество надталамуса
8640 8640
серый вещество предкрыши
8644 8644
белый вещество предкрыши
8622 8622
предкрасноядерная покрышка ; покрышка промежуточный мозга
11 lines
81.8 %
81.8 %
Scientific notes
Libelle of note
The Diencephalon in its classic, columnar view was divided into four dorsoventrally arranged columns separated by ventricular sulci: the Epithalamus, the Dorsal thalamus, the Ventral thalamus and the Hypothalamus. Extensive embryological studies made it clear that the thalamic 'columns' are derived from transversely oriented zones, the Prosomeres (see TE). Currently, the (Caudal) Diencephalon is subdivided into three segmental units, which from caudal to rostral, contain in their alar domains the Pretectum (prosomere 1 or P1), the Epithalamus and the Thalamus (P2) and the Ventral thalamus or Prethalamus (P3). The diencephalic basal plate contains the rostral part of the Substantia nigra-VTA complex and some other nuclei, collectively forming the Diencephalic or Prerubral tegmentum between the Mesencephalon and the Hypothalamus. The entire Hypothalamus or Rostral diencephalon arises from the alar and basal components of the secondary prosencephalon. The Preoptic area is one of the subpallial developmental domains (Puelles L, Harrison M, Paxinos G, Watson C 2013 A developmental ontology for the mammalian brain based on the prosomeric model. Trends Neurosci 36:570-578).
For the Thalamic nuclei, a new subdivision based on Hirai T, Jones EG (1989 A new parcellation of the human thalamus on the basis of histochemical staining. Brain Res Rev 14:1-34) and updated by Morel A, Magnin M, Jeanmonod D (1997 Multiarchitectonic and stereotactic atlas of the human thalamus. J Comp Neurol 387:618-677) is used to replace the list of terms in TA (, largely a matter of a more practical grouping of nuclei. As Latin synonym the term Regio is adopted from Percheron G (2004 Thalamus. In: Paxinos G, Mai JK, eds: The Human Nervous System, 2nd ed. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 592-675).
The basal parts of the prosomeres P1-P3 form several nuclei, previously included in the Mesencephalon (see General footnote). The rostral parts of the Substantia nigra/VTA-complex also derive from P1-P3. The term Tegmentum prerubrale is preferred as topographic term over Tegmentum diencephali.
Type of list P3
List Unit Identifier 5263
Sublist 1 5813 substantia grisea thalami 194/65 on 30.12.2021
Sublist 2 5870 substantia alba thalami 58/43 on 16.4.2018
Sublist 3 7511 morphologia externa diencephali 35/18 on 30.12.2021
Sublist 4 8622 tegmentum prerubrale 20/13 on 7.7.2019
Sublist 5 8640 substantia grisea pretecti 39/14 on 16.4.2018
Sublist 6 8644 substantia alba pretecti 12/7 on 25.3.2019
Sublist 7 9033 substantia grisea prethalami 24/9 on 3.6.2018
Sublist 8 9104 substantia alba epithalami 5/6 on 16.4.2018
Sublist 9 9184 substantia grisea epithalami 7/4 on 16.4.2018
Subtotals subchildren 394 subunits 179
Proper children 10
Number of children 404 (validated)
Proper units 2
Number of units 181 (validated)
Signature 2905 (validated since 30.12.2021)
Date: 31.12.2021