Partonomy list P4, primary language: LA, subsidiary: ES, interface: EN, work in progress

lobus limbicus (par)

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Top level systema nervosum
Level 2 encephalon Short Extended
Level 3 telencephalon Short Extended
Current level lobus limbicus (par)
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Non Latin primary language English French Spanish Russian
Partonomy list
Short official Latin term
Short Spanish equivalent
72719 38865 6066
lobus limbicus (par)
lóbulo límbico (par)
275048 38868 8717
gyrus limbicus (par)
circunvolunción límbica (par)
61890 6047 6047
area subcallosa ; gyrus subcallosus
área subcallosa ; circunvolunción subcallosa
62434 38871 6067
gyrus cingularis (par)
circunvolunción cingular (par) ; circunvolunción del cíngulo (par)
61916 38874 8718
pars anterior (par)
porción anterior (par)
276530 38877 8720
pars media (par)
porción media (par)
61924 38880 8726
pars posterior (par)
porción posterior (par)
9433 9433
cortex retrosplenialis
córtex retroesplenial
62502 38886 6068
isthmus gyri cingularis (par)
istmo de la circunvolunción cingular (par)
61918 38889 6070
gyrus parahippocampalis (par)
circunvolunción parahipocámpica (par)
38892 8740
cortex entorhinalis (par)
córtex entorrinal (par)
38895 8741
substantia reticularis alba (par)
sustancia reticular blanca (par)
38898 8742
verrucae hippocampi (par)
verrugas del hipocampo (par)
29864 8719
cortex perirhinalis (par)
córtex perirrinal (par)
28484 9432
subregio transentorhinalis (par)
subregión transentorrinal (par)
74884 38901 6071
uncus (par)
uncus (par)
38904 8734
gyrus ambiens (par)
circunvolunción ambiens (par)
38907 8735
sulcus semianularis (par)
surco semianular (par)
38910 8736
gyrus semilunaris (par)
circunvolunción semilunar (par)
38913 8737
gyrus uncinatus (par)
circunvolunción uncinada (par)
38916 8738
limbus fasciae dentatae (par)
limbo de la circunvolunción dentada (par)
275054 38919 8739
gyrus intralimbicus (par)
circunvolunción intralímbica (par)
83751 6042 6042
sulcus collateralis ; sulcus occipitotemporalis medialis
surco colateral ; surco occipitotemporal medial
83746 38922 6076
sulcus rhinalis (par)
surco rinal (par)
38925 8756
sulcus intrarhinalis (par)
surco intrarrinal (par)
26489 12155
regio periamygdaloidea (par)
región periamigdalina (par)
74038 38928 8721
formatio hippocampi (par)
formación hipocámpica (par)
277774 38931 8722
pars precommissuralis hippocampi (par)
porción precomisural del hipocampo (par)
38934 8723
pars supracommissuralis hippocampi (par)
porción supracomisural del hipocampo (par)
62439 38937 6083
stria longitudinalis lateralis (par)
estría longitudinal lateral (par)
62488 38940 6082
indusium griseum (par)
indusium griseum (par)
67956 38943 6084
stria longitudinalis medialis (par)
estría longitudinal medial (par)
277777 38946 8724
hippocampus proprius (par) ; pars retrocommissuralis hippocampi (par)
hipocampo propio (par) ; porción retrocomisural del hipocampo (par)
31867 12253
divisiones hippocampi proprii (par)
divisiones del hipocampo propio (par)
323277 39273 6146
pes hippocampi (par)
pie del hipocampo (par)
39277 6147
digitationes hippocampi (par)
digitaciones del hipocampo (par)
275036 39280 9275
caput hippocampi (par) ; segmentum anterius hippocampi (par)
cabeza del hipocampo (par) ; segmento anterior del hipocampo (par)
275030 39283 9278
corpus hippocampi (par) ; segmentum medium hippocampi (par)
cuerpo del hipocampo (par) ; segmento medio del hipocampo (par)
275042 39286 9294
cauda hippocampi (par) ; segmentum posterius hippocampi (par)
cola del hipocampo (par) ; segmento posterior del hipocampo (par)
83747 38949 6072
sulcus hippocampalis (par)
surco de la formación hipocámpica (par)
61922 38952 6073
gyrus dentatus (par) ; fascia dentata (par)
circunvolunción dentada (par) ; fascia dentada (par)
83728 38955 6074
sulcus fimbriodentatus (par)
surco fimbriodentado (par)
38959 8762
dentes subiculi (par) ; gyri subspleniales (par)
prominencias subiculares (par); circunvolunciones subespleniales (par)
61921 38962 6069
gyrus fasciolaris (par)
circunvolunción fasciolar (par)
275093 38965 8757
fasciola cinerea (par)
fasciola cinérea (par)
74414 39305 6149
subiculum (par)
subículo (par)
62486 29102 6148
presubiculum (par)
presubículo (par)
77604 29105 6145
parasubiculum (par)
parasubículo (par)
48 lines
98.3 %
95.8 %
Scientific notes
Libelle of note
The Gyrus cingularis (Cingulate gyrus) can at least be divided into an Anterior, a Posterior and a Retrosplenial part. Vogt BA, Palomero-Gallagher N (2012 Cingulate cortex. In: Mai JK, Paxinos G, eds: The Human Nervous System, 3rd ed. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 943-987) added a Midcingulate cortex.
See note # 8762
The Uncus is treated in various ways: 1) as the rostral part of the Parahippocampal gyrus; 2) as a structure on its own. TNA suggests the latter. Insausti R and Amaral DG (2012 Hippocampal formation. In: Mai JK, Paxinos G, eds: The Human Nervous System, 3rd ed. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 896-942) advocated to restrict the term Uncus to the Gyrus uncinatus, the Band or limbus of Giacomini and the Gyrus intralimbicus (or Uncal apex). The Sulcus semianularis (Semi-anular sulcus) separates the Ambient and Semilunar sulci (see Duvernoy HM 1992, 1998 The Human Hippocampus, 2nd ed. Springer, Berlin-Heidelberg-New York). The Gyrus uncinatus is the most rostral part of Uncal bulge, according to Insausti and Amaral (2012) and part of field CA1. The Limbus fasciae dentatae (Band of dentate gyrus) is the Middle part of the Uncus, first described by Giacomini CH (1884 Fascia dentata du grand hippocampe dans le cerveau de l'homme. Arch Ital Biol 5:1-16, 205-209, 396-417) and part of the Dentate gyrus. The Gyrus intralimbicus (Intralimbic gyrus or Uncal apex) is the most caudal part of the Uncal bulge and part of field CA3.
The Cortex perirhinalis (Perirhinal cortex) is also not included in TA; for description, see Augustinack JC, Huber KE, Stevens AA, et al. (2013 Predicting the location of human perirhinal cortex, Brodmann's area 35, from MRI. Neuroimage 64:32-42).
Field CA4 appears to correspond most closely to the polymorph zone of the Dentate gyrus, and, therefore, is not a field of the Hippocampus at all. Amaral and Insausti (Amaral DG, Insausti R 1990 Hippocampal formation. In: Paxinos G, ed: The Human Nervous System. Academic Press, San Diego, CA, pp 711-755) suggested the term 'CA3h' for the pyramidal cells within the hilus ('h'), continuous with CA3.
See note # 6071
See note # 6071
See note # 6071
See note # 6071
See note # 6071
In the French literature, for the Inner ring of the Limbic lobe the term Gyrus intralimbicus is used. In the German literature, however, this term is used for the Uncal apex.
The Cortex entorhinalis (Entorhinal cortex) is not included in TA; for description, see Braak H, Braak E (1992 The human entorhinal cortex: Normal morphology and lamina-specific pathology in various diseases. Neurosci Res 15:6-31. The Substantia reticularis alba (White reticular substance of Arnold) is the white matter surrounding the darker patches of Layer 2 cell islands. The Verrucae hippocampi (Hippocampal warts) are located above these cell islands and described by Retzius G (1896 Das Menschenhirn: Studien in der makroskopischen Morphologie. Norstedt, Stockholm) and Klingler J (1948 Die makroskopische Anatomie der Ammonsformation. Denkschr Schweiz Naturforsch Ges, Vol 78, Fretz, Zürich). They mark the surface of the Entorhinal cortex.
See note # 8740
The Sulcus intrarhinalis (Intrarhinal sulcus) is found between the Ambient gyrus and the Entorhinal cortex (see Duvernoy 1992; Insausti and Amaral 2012).
See note # 8762
The Dentes subiculi (Gyri of Andreas Retzius) were described by Retzius (1896) for the Caudal part of CA1 at the Hippocampal tail; the term Gyri subspleniales (Subsplenial gyri) indicate their position. Deep to the Gyri andreae retzii, two obliquely oriented small gyri are found (Duvernoy 1998; Insausti and Amaral 2012): 1) a medial gyrus: the Fasciola cinerea, which forms the visible part of the Dentate gyrus as descibed by Giacomini (1884) and Klingler (1948); and 2) a lateral gyrus: Gyrus fasciolaris (Fasciolar gyrus), corresponding to the caudal end of the CA3 field.
The complex Cortex retrosplenialis (Retrosplenial cortex) consists of Periarchicortical (BA26) and Proisocortical (BA29, 30) areas (Braak H 1980 Architectonics of the Human Telencephalic Cortex. Springer, Berlin-Heidelberg-New York; Zilles and Amunts 2012). The TH nomenclature (H4.8.03.122/129) seems to combine these different structures. The Cortex ectosplenialis (Ectosplenial cortex; BA26) has a primitive three-laminar pattern with Molecular, Densocellular and Multiform layers. The Cortex retrosplenialis granularis (Granular retrosplenial cortex; BA29) shows a four-layered structure: Molecular, External and Internal pyramidal and Multiform layers. The Cortex retrosplenialis dysgranularis (Dysgranular retrosplenial cortex; BA 30) shows a further progression of laminar differentiation with an additional (Internal) granular layer.
In the Regio periamygdaloidea (Periamygdaloid region) according to Brockhaus H (1940 Zur normalen und pathologischen Anatomie des Mandelkerngebietes. J Psychol Neurol (Lpz) 49:1-136) and Stephan (1975) only two layers can be distinguished.
Type of list P4
List Unit Identifier 6066
Number of children 137 (validated)
Number of units 48 (validated)
Signature 16857 (validated since 3.4.2019)
Date: 31.12.2021