Partonomy list P4, primary language: LA, subsidiary: EN, interface: EN, work in progress

archicortex (par)

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Top level systema nervosum
Level 2 encephalon Short Extended
Level 3 telencephalon Short Extended
Current level archicortex (par)
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Partonomy list
Short official Latin term
Short English equivalent
62424 39264 6125
archicortex (par)
archicortex (pair)
39290 9295
regiones hippocampi (par)
hippocampal fields (pair)
74042 39293 6151
cornu ammonis 1 (par)
CA1 field (pair)
72044 39296 6152
cornu ammonis 2 (par)
CA2 field (pair)
72045 39299 6153
cornu ammonis 3 (par)
CA3 field (pair)
75741 39302 6154
cornu ammonis 3h (par)
CA3h field (pair)
28169 6157
strata hippocampi (par)
layers of hippocampus (pair) ; layers of Ammon's horn (pair)
83149 28172 6158
stratum lacunomoleculare (par)
lacunomolecular layer (pair)
83894 28184 6161
stratum radiatum (par)
radiate layer (pair)
83895 28181 6160
stratum pyramidale (par)
pyramidal layer (pair)
83893 28175 6159
stratum oriens (par)
oriens layer (pair)
28188 9023
neura hippocampi (par)
neurons of hippocampus (pair)
28192 9298
neura projectionis hippocampi (par)
projection neurons of hippocampus (pair); principal neurons of hippocampus (pair)
28196 9299
neura pyramidalia hippocampi (par)
pyramidal neurons of hippocampus (pair) ; pyramidal cells of hippocampus (pair)
28200 9305
interneura hippocampi (par)
interneurons of hippocampus (pair)
28204 9307
interneura inhibitoria hippocampi (par)
inhibitory interneurons of hippocampus (pair)
28208 9312
neura corbiformia hippocampi (par)
basket neurons of hippocampus (pair); basket cells of hippocampus (pair)
28212 9326
neura bistratificata hippocampi (par)
bistratified neurons of hippocampus (pair) ; bistratified cells of hippocampus (pair)
28216 9328
neura candelaria hippocampi (par)
chandelier neurons of hippocampus (pair) ; chandelier cells of hippocampus (pair); axoaxonic neurons of hippocampus (pair)
31679 8764
substantia alba hippocampi (par)
white matter of hippocampus (pair) ; white substance of hippocampus (pair)
32090 13172
tractus commissurales hippocampi
commissural tracts of hippocampus
61970 6286 6286
commissura hippocampi ; psalterium
hippocampal commissure; psalterium
34735 9331
tractus descendentes hippocampi ; tractus descendentes originis hippocampi
descending tracts of hippocampus ; descending tracts of origin in hippocampus
61965 6091 6091
33889 8538
tractus proprii hippocampi ; tractus intrinsici hippocampi
proper tracts of hippocampus ; intrinsic tracts of hippocampus
28344 9396
neurofibrae muscosae hippocampi
mossy fibres of hippocampus
28348 9397
collaterales axonales hippocampi proprii
axonal collaterals of proper hippocampus
8539 8539
via endofolialis
endfolial pathway
28352 9398
collaterales axonales hilares hippocampi proprii
hilar axonal collaterals of proper hippocampus
83867 6156 6156
alveus hippocampi
83866 6075 6075
fimbria hippocampi
83678 28356 6163
strata gyri dentati (par)
layers of dentate gyrus (pair)
83677 28359 6164
stratum moleculare gyri dentati (par)
molecular layer of dentate gyrus (pair)
83146 28362 6165
stratum granulare gyri dentati (par)
granular layer of dentate gyrus (pair)
72358 28365 6166
stratum multiforme gyri dentati (par)
multiform layer of dentate gyrus (pair)
28373 9399
neura gyri dentati (par)
neurons of dentate gyrus (pair)
28377 9400
neura projectionis gyri dentati (par) ; neura principalia gyri dentati (par)
projection neurons of dentate gyrus (pair); principal neurons of dentate gyrus (pair)
28381 9401
neura granularia gyri dentati (par)
granule neurons of dentate gyrus (pair); granule cells of dentate gyrus (pair)
28385 9402
interneura gyri dentati (par)
interneurons of dentate gyrus (pair)
28389 9403
interneura excitatoria gyri dentati (par)
excitatory interneurons of dentate gyrus (pair)
28393 9404
neura muscosa gyri dentati (par) ; neura stellata gyri dentati (par)
mossy neurons of dentate gyrus (pair) ; stellate neurons of dentate gyrus (pair) ; mossy cells of dentate gyrus (pair); stellate cells of dentate gyrus (pair)
28397 9405
interneura inhibitoria gyri dentati (par)
inhibitory interneurons of dentate gyrus (pair)
28401 9406
neura corbiformia pyramidalia gyri dentati (par)
pyramidal basket neurons of dentate gyrus (pair); pyramidal basket cells of dentate gyrus (pair)
28405 9407
neura candelaria gyri dentati (par) ; neura axoaxonalia gyri dentati (par)
chandelier neurons of dentate gyrus (pair) ; axoaxonal neurons of dentate gyrus (pair) ; chandelier cells of dentate gyrus (pair); axoaxonic cells of dentate gyrus (pair)
39309 11908
strata subiculi (par)
layers of subiculum (pair)
28418 8760
stratum moleculare subiculi (par)
molecular layer of subiculum (pair)
28421 8761
stratum pyramidale subiculi (par)
pyramidal layer of subiculum (pair)
28424 8763
stratum multiforme subiculi (par)
multiform layer of subiculum (pair)
48 lines
99.2 %
87.5 %
Scientific notes
Libelle of note
The Archicortex includes the Hippocampus (Ammon's horn, Dentate gyrus and Subiculum), Presubiculum, Parasubiculum, Entorhinal cortex, Retrosplenial cortex and a cortical band in the Cingulate gyrus (Stephan 1975; Zilles K, Amunts K 2012 Architecture of the cerebral cortex. In: Mai JK, Paxinos G, eds: The Human Nervous System, 3rd ed. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 836-895).
(Commissura hippocampi): The old term Psalterium has been added; much in use by clinicians; for a study on the cells of origin of commissural connections of the monkey hippocampal formation, see Amaral DG, Insausti R, Cowan WM (1984) The commissural connections of the monkey hippocampal formation. J Comp Neurol 224:307-336.
The Via endofolialis (Endfolial pathway) is composed of Hilar Schaffer collaterals from CA3h (see Lim C, Mufson EJ, Kordower JH, et al. 1997 Connections of the hippocampal formation in humans. II. The endfolial pathway. J Comp Neurol 385:352-371).
The classic Golgi studies by Cajal (Ramón y Cajal S 1909-1911 Histologie du système nerveux de l'homme et des vertébrés. Maloine, Paris) and Lorente de Nó R (1934 Studies on the structure of the cerebral cortex. II. Continuation of the study of the ammonic system. J Psychol Neurol (Lpz) 46:113-177) showed the presence of some 20 different types of interneurons in the Hippocampus. Most of them have been immunohistochemically defined (see Freund TF, Buzsaki G 1996 Interneurons of the hippocampus. Hippocampus 6:347-470; Somogyi P 2010 Hippocampus: Intrinsic organization. In: Shepherd GM, Grillner S, eds: Handbook of Brain Microcircuitry. Oxford University Press, New York, pp 148-164). Some 28 types of GABAergic interneurons can be distinguished (Somogyi 2010), basically: Basket neurons, Bistratified neurons, and Chandelier neurons.
Type of list P4
List Unit Identifier 6125
Number of children 121 (validated)
Number of units 48 (validated)
Signature 1943 (validated since 14.3.2020)
Date: 31.12.2021