Partonomy list P4, primary language: LA, subsidiary: EN, interface: EN, work in progress

paleocortex (par)

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Home page TNA partonomy
Top level systema nervosum
Level 2 encephalon Short Extended
Level 3 telencephalon Short Extended
Current level paleocortex (par)
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Partonomy list
Short official Latin term
Short English equivalent
62430 39181 6126
paleocortex (par)
paleocortex (pair)
39185 9183
strata bulbi olfactorii (par)
layers of olfactory bulb (pair)
39188 9228
stratum neurofibrosum (par)
olfactory nerve layer (pair)
39191 9229
stratum glomerulare (par)
glomerular layer (pair)
39194 9230
glomerulus olfactorius (par)
olfactory glomerulus (pair)
39197 9231
stratum plexiforme externum (par)
external plexiform layer (pair)
39200 9232
stratum mitrale (par)
mitral cell layer (pair)
39203 9233
stratum plexiforme internum (par)
internal plexiform layer (pair)
39206 9234
stratum granulare (par)
granular layer (pair)
39210 9237
neura bulbi olfactorii (par)
neurons of olfactory bulb (pair)
28223 9332
neura projectionis bulbi olfactorii (par) ; neura principalia bulbi olfactorii (par)
projection neurons of olfactory bulb (pair); principal neurons of olfactory bulb (pair)
28227 9333
neura mitralia bulbi olfactorii (par)
mitral neurons of olfactory bulb (pair) ; mitral cells of olfactory bulb (pair)
28231 9334
neura plumosa bulbi olfactorii (par)
tufted neurons of olfactory bulb (pair) ; tufted cells of olfactory bulb (pair)
28235 9335
neura plumosa externa bulbi olfactorii (par)
external tufted neurons of olfactory bulb (pair) ; external tufted cells of olfactory bulb (pair)
28239 9364
neura plumosa media bulbi olfactorii (par)
middle tufted neurons of olfactory bulb (pair) ; middle tufted cells of olfactory bulb (pair)
28243 9365
neura plumosa interna bulbi olfactorii (par)
internal tufted neurons of olfactory bulb (pair) ; internal tufted cells of olfactory bulb (pair)
28247 9366
interneura bulbi olfactorii (par)
interneurons of olfactory bulb (pair)
28251 9367
interneura excitatoria bulbi olfactorii (par)
excitatory interneurons of olfactory bulb (pair)
28255 9368
neura juxtaglomerularia bulbi olfactorii (par)
juxtaglomerular neurons of olfactory bulb (pair) ; juxtaglomerular cells of olfactory bulb (pair); short-axon cells (pair)
28259 9379
interneura inhibitoria bulbi olfactorii (par)
inhibitory interneurons of olfactory bulb (pair)
28263 9380
neura granularia superficialia bulbi olfactorii (par)
superficial granule neurons of olfactory bulb (pair); superficial granule cells of olfactory bulb (pair)
28267 9383
neura granularia intermedia bulbi olfactorii (par)
intermediate granule neurons of olfactory bulb (pair); intermediate granule cells of olfactory bulb (pair)
28271 9384
neura granularia profunda bulbi olfactorii (par)
deep granule neurons of olfactory bulb (pair); deep granule cells of olfactory bulb (pair)
28275 9387
neura periglomerularia bulbi olfactorii (par)
periglomerular neurons of olfactory bulb (pair) ; periglomerular cells of olfactory bulb (pair)
28335 6306
cellulae dopaminergicae bulbi olfactorii (par)
dopaminergic cells of olfactory bulb (pair) ; dopaminergic cells A16 (pair)
77628 39213 6182
strata regionis retrobulbaris (par)
layers of retrobulbar region (pair)
39216 9238
stratum moleculare (par)
molecular layer (pair)
39219 9239
stratum densocellulare (par)
dense cell layer (pair)
39222 9240
stratum multiforme (par)
multiform layer (pair)
39226 9242
strata corticis piriformis (par)
layers of piriform cortex (pair)
39229 9245
stratum moleculare (par)
molecular layer (pair)
39232 9246
stratum densocellulare (par)
dense cell layer (pair)
39235 9247
stratum multiforme (par)
multiform layer (pair)
39239 9243
strata regionis periamygdaloideae (par)
layers of periamygdaloid region (pair)
39242 9248
stratum moleculare (par)
molecular layer (pair)
39245 9250
stratum densocellulare (par)
dense cell layer (pair)
39249 9244
strata regionis peripaleocorticalis claustralis (par)
layers of claustral peripaleocortical region (pair)
39252 9251
stratum moleculare (par)
molecular layer (pair)
39255 9252
stratum densocellulare (par)
dense cell layer (pair)
39258 9253
stratum dissecans (par)
dissecting layer (pair)
39261 9272
stratum multiforme (par)
multiform layer (pair)
41 lines
99.0 %
90.2 %
Scientific notes
Libelle of note
The Paleocortex includes the Olfactory bulb, Retrobulbar region ('Anterior olfactory nucleus'), Olfactory tubercle, Septal and Piriform (BA51) regions and a minor part of the Amygdala (Stephan 1975; Zilles and Amunts 2012).
See note # 8686
The term Nucleus olfactorius anterior of TA is mostly cortical and is replaced by the more appropriate term Regio retrobulbaris (see Zilles and Amunts 2012). The two- or three-layered structure recognizable in lower primates is hardly visible in the human brain.
There are many types of Short-axon cells described by among others Blanes, Cajal (Vertical cell), Golgi and Van Gehuchten (Mori K 1987) Membrane and synaptic properties of identified neurons in the olfactory bulb. Prog Neurobiol 29:275-430; Shepherd GM, Chen WR, Greer CA 2004 Olfactory bulb. In: Shepherd GM, ed: The Synaptic Organization of the Brain, 5th ed. Oxford Uniersity Press, New York, pp 165-216). As in TH, these cells are not included.
Type of list P4
List Unit Identifier 6126
Number of children 122 (validated)
Number of units 41 (validated)
Signature 5071 (validated since 19.4.2018)
Date: 31.12.2021