Partonomy list P4, primary language: LA, subsidiary: EN, interface: EN, work in progress

insula (par)

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Top level systema nervosum
Level 2 encephalon Short Extended
Level 3 telencephalon Short Extended
Current level insula (par)
Subsidiary language with Latin English French Spanish Russian
Non Latin primary language English French Spanish Russian
Partonomy list
Short official Latin term
Short English equivalent
67329 38675 6030
insula (par)
insula (pair) ; insular lobe (pair)
274526 38679 6031
gyri insulae (par)
insular gyri (pair)
67555 38682 6032
gyri longi insulae (par)
long gyri of insula (pair)
274723 45794 11498
gyrus longus anterior insulae (par)
anterior long gyrus of insula (pair)
274729 45797 11508
gyrus longus posterior insulae (par)
posterior long gyrus of insula (pair)
61913 38686 6033
gyri breves insulae (par)
short gyri of insula (pair)
274705 45800 11509
gyrus brevis anterior insulae (par)
anterior short gyrus of insula (pair)
274711 45803 11510
gyrus brevis medius insulae (par)
middle short gyrus of insula (pair)
274717 45806 11511
gyrus brevis posterior insulae (par)
posterior short gyrus of insula (pair)
28314 12167
gyrus transversus insulae (par)
transverse gyrus of insula (pair)
61915 45812 11513
gyrus accessorius anterior insulae (par)
anterior accessory gyrus of insula (pair)
83753 38692 6035
sulcus circularis insulae (par) ; sulcus periinsularis (par)
circular sulcus of insula (pair) ; periinsular sulcus (pair)
83779 38689 6034
sulcus centralis superior insulae (par)
superior central sulcus of insula (pair)
75266 38695 6036
limen insulae (par)
limen of insula (pair)
25261 9241
regio peripaleocorticalis claustralis (par)
claustral peripaleocortical region (pair)
15 lines
100.0 %
97.3 %
Scientific notes
Libelle of note
See note # 9188
The Insula is composed of three Belt regions (see Mesulam M-M and Mufson EJ (1985 The insula of Reil in man and monkey. Architectonics, connectivity and function. In: Peters A, Jones EG, eds, Cerebral Cortex, Vol 4, Plenum Press, New York, pp 179-226): 1) The Cortex insularis agranularis (Agranular insular cortex, where Layers II and IV are lacking) in the Anterior insula is characterized by a Superficial pyramidal layer and an Inner cell layer, continuous with the Pyramidal layer of the Piriform cortex. Here, the recently rediscovered von Economo neurons (VENs) are found (see Allman JM, Tetreault NA, Hakeem AY, et al. 2011 The von Economo neurons in fronto-insular and anterior cingulate cortex. Ann NY Acad Sci 1225:59-71). 2) The Cortex insularis dysgranularis (Dysgranular insular cortex), a Proisocortical region characterized by the presence of an inconspicuous Inner granular layer IV. Layers V and VI are also not as clearly separated from each other as in true isocortex. 3) The Cortex insularis granularis (Granular insular cortex), a posterior granular region with clearly visible Inner (layer IV) and Outer (layer II) granular layers (True isocortex; see also Zilles and Amunts 2012).
Type of list P4
List Unit Identifier 6030
Number of children 44 (validated)
Number of units 15 (validated)
Signature 23596 (validated since 27.3.2019)
Date: 31.12.2021