Partonomy list P3F, primary language: LA, subsidiary: EN, interface: EN, work in progress

arteria carotis interna (par)

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Top level systema cardiovasculare
Level 2 systema arteriosum cerebrospinale Short Extended
Current level arteria carotis interna (par) Short
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Non Latin primary language English French Spanish Russian
Partonomy list
FMA TA UID
Short official Latin term
Short English equivalent
3947 3898
arteria carotis interna (par)
internal carotid artery (pair)
49815 3899
cervical part (pair) ; C1 segment (pair)
50094 3900
sinus caroticus (par)
carotid sinus (pair)
327587 8951
(arteria hypoglossa persistens (par) )
(persistent hypoglossal artery (pair) )
49816 3901
petrosal part (pair); C2 segment (pair)
49828 3902
arteriae caroticotympanicae (par)
caroticotympanic arteries (pair)
49831 3903
arteria canalis pterygoidei (par)
artery of pterygoid canal (pair)
9005
(arteria trigeminalis persistens (par) )
(persistent trigeminal artery (pair) )
327593 8952
(arteria stapedia persistens (par) )
(persistent stapedial artery (pair) )
327586 8953
(arteria otica persistens (par) )
(persistent otic artery (pair) )
8954
lacerum part (pair) ; C3 segment (pair)
49817 3904
cavernous part (pair) ; C4 segment (pair)
8955
truncus caroticocavernosus posterior (par) ; truncus posterior (par)
posterior caroticocavernous trunk (pair) ; posterior trunk (pair)
67615 3907
ramus meningeus (par)
meningeal branch (pair)
8956
arteria caroticocavernosa medialis (par)
medial caroticocavernous artery (pair)
70531 3905
ramus tentorius basalis (par)
basal tentorial branch (pair)
8957
ramus fossae hypophysialis (par)
branch to hypophysial fossa (pair)
8958
ramus dorsi sellae turcicae ossis sphenoidalis (par)
branch to dorsum sellae (pair)
8959
rami clivales (par)
clival branches (pair)
8960
ramus medialis sinus cavernosi (par)
medial branch of cavernous sinus (pair)
8961
arteria caroticocavernosa posterior (par)
posterior caroticocavernous artery (pair)
8962
rami clivales (par)
clival branches (pair)
8963
ramus canalis nervi abducentis (par)
branch to abducens canal (pair)
8964
rami petrosi posteriores (par)
posterior petrosal branches (pair)
8965
arteria caroticocavernosa superior (par)
superior caroticocavernous artery (pair)
8966
rami petrosi anteriores (par)
anterior petrosal branches (pair)
8967
rami petrosi posteriores (par)
posterior petrosal branches (pair)
8968
rami pori trigeminalis cavi trigeminalis (par)
branches to trigeminal opening (pair)
8969
ramus lateralis sinus cavernosi (par)
lateral branch of cavernous sinus (pair)
8970
truncus caroticocavernosus lateralis (par) ; truncus lateralis (par)
lateral caroticocavernous trunk (pair) ; lateral trunk (pair)
70534 3906
ramus tentorius marginalis (par)
marginal tentorial branch (pair)
8971
ramus anteromedialis (par)
anteromedial branch (pair)
8972
ramus anterolateralis (par)
anterolateral branch (pair)
49846 3909
arteria hypophysialis inferior (par)
inferior hypophysial artery (pair)
3910
rami ganglionares trigeminales (par)
branches to trigeminal ganglion (pair)
3911
rami nervorum (par)
branches to nerves (pair)
8973
clinoid part (pair) ; C5 segment (pair)
49824 3912
pars ophthalmica (par) ; segmentum C6 (par)
ophthalmic part (pair) ; C6 segment (pair)
67617 3919
ramus meningeus (par)
meningeal branch (pair)
49868 3913
ophthalmic artery (pair)
49879 3921
arteria centralis retinae (par)
central retinal artery (pair)
49946 3922
pars extraocularis (par)
extraocular part (pair)
49949 3923
pars intraocularis (par)
intraocular part (pair)
49912 6985
arteriola retinalis temporalis superior (par)
superior temporal retinal arteriole (pair)
49917 6986
arteriola retinalis temporalis inferior (par)
inferior temporal retinal arteriole (pair)
49909 6987
arteriola retinalis nasalis superior (par)
superior nasal retinal arteriole (pair)
49915 6988
arteriola retinalis nasalis inferior (par)
inferior nasal retinal arteriole (pair)
51904 6989
arteriola macularis superior (par)
superior macular arteriole (pair)
51905 6990
arteriola macularis inferior (par)
inferior macular arteriole (pair)
51906 6991
arteriola macularis media (par)
middle macular arteriole (pair)
49927 3924
arteria lacrimalis (par)
lacrimal artery (pair)
51965 3925
ramus anastomoticus arteriae meningeae mediae (par)
anastomotic branch of middle meningeal artery (pair)
49940 3926
arteriae palpebrales laterales (par)
lateral palpebral arteries (pair)
51968 3927
ramus meningeus recurrens (par)
recurrent meningeal branch (pair)
49952 8917
arteriae ciliares posteriores (par)
posterior ciliary arteries (pair)
49956 3928
arteriae ciliares posteriores breves (par)
short posterior ciliary arteries (pair)
59002 6984
circulus vasculosus nervi optici (par)
vascular circle of optic nerve (pair)
8032
(arteria cilioretinalis (par) )
(cilioretinal artery (pair) )
49955 3929
arteriae ciliares posteriores longae (par)
long posterior ciliary arteries (pair)
58529 6946
circulus arteriosus major iridis (par)
major arterial circle of iris (pair)
58581 6947
(circulus arteriosus minor iridis (par) )
(minor arterial circle of iris (pair) )
49961 3930
arteriae musculares (par)
muscular arteries (pair)
3930
# arteria muscularis
# muscular artery
49962 3931
arteriae ciliares anteriores (par)
anterior ciliary arteries (pair)
49967 3932
arteriae conjunctivae anteriores (par)
anterior conjunctival arteries (pair)
49970 3933
arteriae episclerales (par)
episcleral arteries (pair)
49973 3934
arteria supraorbitalis (par)
supraorbital artery (pair)
49983 3935
ramus diploicus (par)
diploic branch (pair)
49989 3940
arteria ethmoidalis posterior (par)
posterior ethmoidal artery (pair)
49986 3936
arteria ethmoidalis anterior (par)
anterior ethmoidal artery (pair)
49993 3937
ramus meningeus anterior (par)
anterior meningeal branch (pair)
49994 3938
rami septales anteriores (par)
anterior septal branches (pair)
3939
rami nasales anteriores laterales (par)
lateral anterior nasal branches (pair)
50012 3941
arteriae palpebrales mediales (par)
medial palpebral arteries (pair)
13269
arteria palpebralis medialis superior (par)
superior medial palpebral artery (pair)
13272
arteriae conjunctivae posteriores superiores (par)
superior posterior conjunctival arteries (pair)
50018 3944
arcus palpebralis superior (par)
superior palpebral arch (pair)
13271
arteria palpebralis medialis inferior (par)
inferior medial palpebral artery (pair)
50016 3942
arteriae conjunctivae posteriores inferiores (par)
inferior posterior conjunctival arteries (pair)
50017 3943
arcus palpebralis inferior (par)
inferior palpebral arch (pair)
50025 3945
arteria supratrochlearis (par)
supratrochlear artery (pair)
50000 3946
arteria nasalis dorsalis (par)
dorsal nasal artery (pair)
8974
rami perforantes (par)
perforating branches (pair)
8975
rami chiasmatici (par)
branches to optic chiasm (pair)
8976
rami nervi optici (par)
branches to optic nerve (pair)
8977
rami tractus optici (par)
branches to optic tract (pair)
8978
pars communicans (par) ; segmentum C7 (par)
communicating part (pair) ; C7 segment (pair)
50084 3915
arteria communicans posterior
posterior communicating artery
49849 3914
arteria hypophysialis superior (par)
superior hypophysial artery (pair)
8979
rami perforantes (par)
perforating branches (pair)
8980
rami tractus optici (par)
branches to optic tract (pair)
8981
ramus corticalis (par)
cortical branch (pair)
50090 3917
arteria uncalis partis communicantis (par)
uncal artery of communicating part (pair)
50087 3916
anterior choroid artery (pair)
3948
rami choroidei ventriculi lateralis (par)
choroid branches to lateral ventricle (pair)
3949
(rami choroidei ventriculi tertii (par) )
(choroid branches to third ventricle (pair))
8908
rami perforantes (par)
perforating branches (pair)
3950
rami substantiae perforatae anterioris (par)
branches to anterior perforated substance (pair)
3951
rami chiasmatici (par)
branches to optic chiasm (pair)
3952
rami tractus optici (par)
branches to optic tract (pair)
3953
rami corporis geniculati lateralis (par)
branches to lateral geniculate body (pair)
8909
rami radiationis opticae (par)
branches to optic radiation (pair)
8910
rami capsulae internae (par)
branches to internal capsule (pair)
3954
rami genus capsulae internae (par)
branches to genu (pair)
3955
rami cruris posterioris (par)
branches to posterior limb (pair)
3956
rami partis retrolentiformis (par)
branches to retrolentiform limb (pair)
3957
rami globi pallidi (par)
branches to globus pallidus (pair)
3958
rami caudae nuclei caudati (par)
branches to tail of caudate nucleus (pair)
3959
rami hippocampales (par)
branches to hippocampus (pair)
8911
rami gyri dentati (par)
branches to dentate gyrus (pair)
8912
rami fornicis (par)
branches to fornix (pair)
3960
(rami uncales (par) )
(uncal branches (pair) )
8913
rami corticis piriformis structurae olfactoriae (par)
branches to piriform cortex (pair)
3961
rami corporis amygdaloidei (par)
branches to amygdaloid body (pair)
3962
(rami tuberis cinerei (par) )
(branches to tuber cinereum (pair))
3963
(rami nucleorum hypothalami (par))
(branches to hypothalamic nuclei (pair))
3964
rami nucleorum thalami (par)
branches to thalamic nuclei (pair)
3965
rami substantiae nigrae (par)
branches to substantia nigra (pair)
3966
rami nuclei rubri (par)
branches to red nucleus (pair)
3967
rami pedunculi cerebri (par)
branches to cerebral peduncle (pair)
8914
arteriae hypophysiales accessoriae (par)
accessory hypophysial arteries (pair)
50028 3968
anterior cerebral artery (pair)
50073 3969
pars precommunicans (par) ; segmentum A1 (par)
precommunicating part (pair) ; A1 segment (pair)
3970
arteriae centrales anteromediales (par)
anteromedial central arteries (pair)
50311 3971
rami striatales breves (par)
short striatal branches (pair)
50312 3972
ramus supraopticus (par)
supraoptic branch (pair)
50314 3973
rami perforantes anteriores (par)
anterior perforating branches (pair)
50313 3974
rami preoptici (par)
preoptic branches (pair)
50169 3975
arteria communicans anterior
anterior communicating artery
50074 3979
pars postcommunicans (par)
postcommunicating part (pair)
8933
pars infracallosa (par) ; segmentum A2 (par)
infracallosal part (pair) ; A2 segment (pair)
50327 3980
arteria striatalis longa (par) ; arteria centralis longa (par)
long striatal artery (pair) ; long central artery (pair)
50328 3981
arteria orbitofrontalis medialis (par)
medial orbitofrontal artery (pair)
50328 8934
arteria orbitofrontalis posterior (par)
posterior orbitofrontal artery (pair)
50329 3982
arteria frontopolaris (par) ; arteria polaris frontalis (par)
frontopolar artery (pair) ; frontal polar artery (pair)
8935
rami perforantes (par)
perforating branches (pair)
8936
rami hypothalamici (par)
hypothalamic branches (pair)
8937
rami septi pellucidi (par)
branches to septum pellucidum (pair)
8938
rami commissurae anterioris (par)
branches to anterior commissure (pair)
8939
rami fornicis (par)
branches to fornix (pair)
8940
rami striatales breves (par)
short striatal branches (pair)
8941
(arteria subcallosa (par) )
(subcallosal artery (pair) )
50337 3989
arteria pericallosa (par)
pericallosal artery (pair)
8942
rami breves corporis callosi (par)
short branches to corpus callosum (pair)
8943
rami longi corporis callosi (par)
long branches to corpus callosum (pair)
8944
pars precallosa (par) ; segmentum A3 (par)
precallosal part (pair) ; A3 segment (pair)
50330 3983
arteria callosomarginalis (par)
callosomarginal artery (pair)
50332 3984
ramus frontalis anteromedialis (par)
anteromedial frontal branch (pair)
50333 3985
ramus frontalis intermediomedialis (par)
intermediomedial frontal branch (pair)
50334 3986
ramus frontalis posteromedialis (par)
posteromedial frontal branch (pair)
50335 3987
ramus cingularis (par)
cingulate branch (pair)
3988
rami paracentrales (par)
paracentral branches (pair)
8945
pars supracallosa (par) ; segmentum A4 (par)
supracallosal part (pair) ; A4 segment (pair)
8946
rami paracentrales (par)
paracentral branches (pair)
3990
rami precuneati (par)
precuneate branches (pair)
8947
pars postcallosa (par) ; segmentum A5 (par)
postcallosal part (pair) ; A5 segment (pair)
8948
rami parietales superiores (par)
superior parietal branches (pair)
8949
rami parietales inferiores (par)
inferior parietal branches (pair)
50340 3991
rami parietooccipitales (par)
parietooccipital branches (pair)
8950
rami inferiores corporis callosi (par)
inferior callosal branches (pair)
50109 3920
sipho caroticus (par)
carotid syphon (pair) ; carotid siphon (pair)
161 lines
96.1 %
82.6 %
10 partial items
466 entities
Scientific notes
UID
Libelle of note
3899
For the Arteria carotis interna (Internal carotid artery or ICA, the subdivision into C1-C4 segments (Gibo et al. 1981 J Neurosurg 55:560-574) is replaced by the more recent Bouthillier subdivision into C1-C7 (Bouthillier A, van Loveren HR, Keller JT 1996 Segments of the internal carotid artery: A new classification. Neurosurgery 38:425-433). Main differences are: - the Pars lacera (Segmentum C3) is a short segment that begins above the Foramen lacerum and ends at the Ligamentum petrolinguale. The new Segments C2 and C3 cover the old Segment C2; - the Pars cavernosa is the new Segmentum C4; - the Segments C5-C7 comprise the Pars cerebralis (C4) of the Gibo/TA subdivision: the Pars clinoidea (Segmentum C5) is a borderline segment extending between dural rings, by definition never intradural, often surrounded by a venous collar (a protrusion of the Cavernous sinus), the Pars ophthalmica is Segmentum C6, and the Pars communicans Segmentum C7.
3920
The Sipho caroticus (Carotid siphon), described by Moniz in 1927, is not well-defined. It covers the C4-C5/C6 segments (see Sanders-Taylor C, Kurbanov A, Cebula H, Leach JL, Zuccarello M, Keller JT 2014 The carotid siphon: A historic radiographic sign, not an anatomic classification. World Neurosurg 82:423-427).
3980
See note # 23889
8032
New term; the Arteria cilioretinalis is a variant artery which leaves the Discus nervi optici separately from the Arteria centralis retinae. It may serve as an additional supply for the Macula lutea from the choroidal circulation. If present (10-30% of cases), it can spare central vision in occlusion of the Arteria centralis retinae.
9005
See note # 23165
23165
During development, longitudinal arteries are formed, connected with the ICAs by temporary (or primitive) trigeminal, otic, stapedial and hypoglossal arteries (see Padget DH 1948 The development of the cranial arteries in the human embryo. Contrib Embryol Carnegie Instn 32:2-5-261). These 'Primitive arteries' may persist (Wohlschlaeger G, Wohlschlaeger PB 1964 The primitive trigeminal artery as seen angiographically and at postmortem examination. AJR Am J Roentgenol 92:761-768; Suttner N, Mura J, Tedeschi H, et al. 2000 Persistent trigeminal artery: A unique anatomic specimen - analysis and therapeutic implications. Neurosurgery 47:428-434).
23889
The TA nomenclature for the Striatal arteries is rather confusing. The Aa.striatae mediales proximales (PNA: Arteriae centrales breves) may better be known as Rami striati breves (as for A2 segment). The TA term Arteria striata medialis distalis is replaced by Arteria striata longa with Arteria centralis longa of PNA as synonym; eponym: (Recurrent artery of) Heubner.
Signature
Type of list P3F
List Unit Identifier 3898
Sublist 1 0/0 on
Absent signature New value is 0
Sublist 2 0/180018912 on
Absent signature New value is 0
Sublist 3 0/180018912 on
Absent signature New value is 0
Sublist 4 0/180018912 on
Absent signature New value is 0
Sublist 5 0/180018912 on
Absent signature New value is 0
Sublist 6 0/180018912 on
Absent signature New value is 0
Sublist 7 0/179830256 on
Absent signature New value is 0
Sublist 8 0/179830256 on
Absent signature New value is 0
Subtotals subchildren 0 subunits 1259755072
Proper children 50
Invalid check Found children: 465
Proper units 15
Invalid check Found units: 157
Signature 1403 (validated since 26.12.2021)
Date: 29.07.2022