Partonomy list P4, primary language: LA, subsidiary: EN, interface: EN, work in progress

neura ganglionaria retinalia (par)

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Home page TNA partonomy
Top level systema nervosum
Level 2 organum visuale (par) Short Extended
Level 3 tunica interna bulbi oculi (par) Short Extended
Current level neura ganglionaria retinalia (par)
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Non Latin primary language English French Spanish Russian
Partonomy list
Short official Latin term
Short English equivalent
67765 30295 7655
neura ganglionaria retinalia (par)
retinal ganglion neurons (pair); retinal ganglion cells (pair)
30299 7668
neura ganglionaria umbelliformia magna (par)
large parasol type ganglion neurons (pair); large parasol type ganglion cells (pair); M type ganglion cells (pair)
30303 7669
neura ganglionaria umbelliformia parva (par)
small parasol type ganglion neurons (pair); small parasol type ganglion cells (pair); P2 type ganglion cells (pair)
30307 7670
neura ganglionaria nana (par)
midget ganglion neurons (pair); midget ganglion cells (pair); P1 type ganglion cells (pair)
4 lines
100.0 %
60.0 %
Scientific notes
Libelle of note
TH term 'multipolare' replaced by 'retinale' for consistency. There are at least 18 different morphological types of ganglion cells in the human retina, numbered from G1-G23 after Golgi studies (G = Golgi type) by Kolb et al. (1981 Vision Res 21:1081-1114) in cats. Special names have been given to the Midget and Parasol ganglion cells, projecting to the Parvocellular and Magnocellular layers of CGL.
More recently, these ganglion cells became known as Small and Large bistratified ganglion cells, giving rise to the Koniocellular pathway to the CGL (Dacey DM 2000 Parallel pathways for spectral coding in primate retina. Annu Rev Neurosci 23:743-775; Nassi JJ, Callaway EM 2009 Parallel processing strategies of the primate visual system. Nat Rev Neurosci 10:360-372).
Type of list P4
List Unit Identifier 7655
Number of children 11 (validated)
Number of units 4 (validated)
Signature 24205 (validated since 4.4.2018)
Date: 09.09.2021