Partonomy list P4, primary language: LA, subsidiary: EN, interface: EN, work in progress

nuclei basales (par)

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Top level systema nervosum
Level 2 encephalon Short Extended
Level 3 telencephalon Short Extended
Current level nuclei basales (par)
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Partonomy list
Short official Latin term
Short English equivalent
28736 6216
nuclei basales (par)
basal nuclei (pair)
61833 28739 6217
nucleus caudatus (par)
caudate nucleus (pair)
61852 28742 6218
caput nuclei caudati (par)
head of caudate nucleus (pair)
61853 28745 6219
corpus nuclei caudati (par)
body of caudate nucleus (pair)
61854 28748 6220
cauda nuclei caudati (par)
tail of caudate nucleus (pair)
77615 28751 6221
nucleus lentiformis (par) ; nucleus lenticularis (par)
lentiform nucleus (pair) ; lenticular nucleus (pair)
61834 28754 6222
putamen (par)
putamen (pair)
62469 6223 6223
lamina medullaris lateralis ; lamina medullaris externa
lateral medullary layer ; external medullary layer
61839 28760 6224
globus pallidus lateralis (par); globus pallidalis externus (par)
lateral segment of globus pallidus (pair); external segment of globus pallidus (pair)
62470 6225 6225
lamina medullaris medialis ; lamina medullaris interna
medial medullary layer ; internal medullary layer
61840 28766 6226
globus pallidus medialis (par); globus pallidalis internus (par)
medial segment of globus pallidus (pair); internal segment of globus pallidus (pair)
28769 6227
pars lateralis (par)
lateral part (pair)
62471 28772 6228
lamina medullaris accessoria (par)
accessory medullary layer (pair)
28775 6229
pars medialis (par)
medial part (pair)
28778 9839
substantia grisea striati (par)
grey matter of striatum (pair)
77620 28781 6232
striatum dorsale (par)
dorsal striatum (pair)
28784 9840
substantia grisea nuclei caudati (par)
grey matter of caudate nucleus (pair)
28787 9841
striosoma (par)
striosome (pair)
28790 9842
matrix striatalis (par)
striatal matrix (pair)
28794 6240
pontes grisei caudatolenticulares (par) ; pontes grisei transcapsulares (par)
caudatolenticular grey bridges (pair) ; transcapsular grey bridges (pair)
77614 28800 6205
striatum ventrale (par)
ventral striatum (pair)
28803 9844
fundus striati (par)
fundus of striatum (pair)
61889 28806 6206
nucleus accumbens (par)
nucleus accumbens (pair)
77385 28809 6207
pars centralis (par)
central part (pair) ; core region (pair)
77386 28812 6208
pars medialis (par)
medial part (pair) ; shell region (pair)
61891 44796 6199
tuberculum olfactorium (par)
olfactory tubercle (pair)
28816 6194
insulae olfactoriae (par) ; insulae terminales (par)
olfactory insulae (pair) ; terminal insulae (pair) ; olfactory islands (pair); terminal islands (pair)
28964 9852
neura striati (par)
neurons of striatum (pair)
28995 9853
neura projectionis striati (par) ; neura principalia striati (par)
projection neurons of striatum (pair); principal neurons of striatum (pair)
28999 8791
neura spinosa magnitudinis mediae striati (par)
middle spiny neurons of striatum (pair) ; medium-sized spiny cells of striatum (pair)
29003 8792
interneura striati (par)
interneurons of striatum (pair)
29007 8794
interneura excitatoria striati (par)
excitatory interneurons of striatum (pair)
29011 8795
interneura cholinergica striati (par)
cholinergic interneurons of striatum (pair) ; aspiny type II cholinergic interneurons (pair)
29015 8797
interneura inhibitoria striati (par)
inhibitory interneurons of striatum (pair)
29019 8799
interneura GABAergica striati (par)
GABAergic interneurons of striatum (pair) ; aspiny type I GABAergic interneurons (pair)
28819 9845
substantia grisea pallidi (par)
grey matter of pallidum (pair)
77619 28099 6234
pallidum dorsale (par) ; globus pallidalis (par)
dorsal pallidum (pair) ; globus pallidus (pair)
28105 9145
pallidum ventrale (par)
ventral pallidum (pair)
28968 8800
neura globi pallidi (par)
neurons of globus pallidus (pair)
28972 8801
neura projectionis globi pallidi (par) ; neura principalia globi pallidi (par)
projection neurons of globus pallidus (pair); principal neurons of globus pallidus (pair)
28976 8804
neura magna globi pallidi (par)
large cells of globus pallidus (pair)
28979 8805
substantia alba nucleorum basalium (par)
white matter of basal nuclei (pair)
28983 8806
tractus striatales (par)
striatal tracts (pair)
61960 6267 6267
capsula extrema
extreme capsule
61959 6266 6266
capsula externa
external capsule
77637 9509 9509
fasciculus subcallosus
subcallosal bundle
62070 5874 5874
ansa lenticularis
ansa lenticularis
61976 5875 5875
fasciculus lenticularis
lenticular fasciculus
77525 5888 5888
fasciculus subthalamicus
subthalamic fasciculus
62065 5890 5890
fasciculus thalamicus
thalamic fasciculus
28987 8807
connexus striatales (par)
striatal pathways (pair)
29032 8808
connexus afferentes striatales (par)
striatal afferent pathways (pair)
28655 9544
fibrae corticostriatales
corticostriatal fibres
33905 8543
fibrae amygdalostriatales
amygdalostriatal fibres
28079 7918
fibrae thalamostriatales
thalamostriatal fibres
25254 8485
fibrae nigrostriatales
nigrostriatal fibres
29036 8809
connexus efferentes striatales (par)
striatal efferent pathways (pair)
33917 8546
fibrae striatopallidales
striatopallidal fibres
25146 8118
fibrae striatonigrales
striatonigral fibres
28991 8810
connexus pallidales (par)
pallidal pathways (pair)
29040 8811
connexus pallidales afferentes (par)
afferent pallidal pathways (pair)
33917 8546
fibrae striatopallidales
striatopallidal fibres
28086 7922
fibrae subthalamopallidales
subthalamopallidal fibres
29044 8812
connexus pallidales efferentes (par) ; fibrae pallidofugales (par)
efferent pallidal pathways (pair) ; pallidofugal fibres (pair) ▲
33928 8547
fibrae pallidosubthalamicae
pallidosubthalamic fibres
33929 8548
fibrae pallidothalamicae
pallidothalamic fibres
33930 8549
fibrae pallidohabenulares
pallidohabenular fibres
33931 8550
fibrae pallidonigrales
pallidonigral fibres
33932 8551
fibrae pallidotegmentales
pallidotegmental fibres
69 lines
97.7 %
94.2 %
Scientific notes
Libelle of note
The Capsula extrema (Extreme capsule) forms one of the Long association systems involved in language processing (see Catani M, Thiebaut de Schotten M 2012 Atlas of Human Brain Connections. Oxford University Press, Oxford).
The large cholinergic neurons of the Striatum were originally described as Giant interneurons by Kölliker. Three types of GABAergic striatal interneurons can be distinguished, based on size and the colocalization of Parvalbumin, Somatostatin/NPY and Calretinin (Bolam 2010; Haber et al. 2012).
The Fasciculus subcallosus (Subcallosal fasciculus or Bundle of Muratoff; Muratoff W 1893 Secundäre Degenerationen nach Durchschneidung des Balkens. Neurol Centralbl 12:714-729) forms a separate bundle of Corticostriatal fibres (see Schmahmann JD, Pandya DN 2007 The complex history of the fronto-occipital fasciculus. J Hist Med 16:362-377).
The Striatum and Putamen consist of AChE-poor Striosomes within an AChE-rich matrix (Graybiel AM, Ragsdale CW Jr 1978 Histochemically distinct compartments in the striatum of human, monkey and cat demonstrated by acetylthiocholinesterase staining. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 75:5723-5726; Graybiel AM 1990 Neurotransmitters and modulators in the basal ganglia. Trends Neurosci 13:244-254).
The term Fundus striati points to the ventral parts of the Caudate nucleus and Putamen, that with the Nucleus accumbens and the Olfactory tubercle form the Ventral Striatum.
For Golgi studies see Braak H, Braak E (1982 Neuronal types in the striatum of man. Cell Tissue Res 227:319-342), and Graveland GA, Williams RS, DiFiglia M (1985 A Golgi study of the human neostriatum: Neurons and afferent fibers. J Comp Neurol 234:317-333); for immunohistochemical and physiological data see Bolam JP (2010 Microcircuits of the striatum. In: Shepherd GM, Grillner S, eds: Handbook of Brain Microcircuits. Oxford University Press, New York, pp 109-119) and Haber SN, Adler A, Bergman H (2012 The basal ganglia. In: Mai JK, Paxinos G, eds: The Human Nervous System, 3rd ed. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 678-838).
Type of list P4
List Unit Identifier 6216
Number of children 162 (validated)
Number of units 69 (validated)
Signature 9126 (validated since 12.12.2020)
Date: 31.12.2021