Partonomy list P4, primary language: LA, subsidiary: EN, interface: EN, work in progress

substantia alba hemispherii cerebri (par)

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Top level systema nervosum Short Extended
Level 2 encephalon Short Extended
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Current level substantia alba hemispherii cerebri (par)
Subsidiary language with Latin
Non Latin primary language
Partonomy list
FMA TA UID ISA
Short official Latin term
Short English equivalent
9449 Tax
substantia alba hemispherii cerebri (par)
white matter of cerebral hemisphere (pair) ; white substance of cerebral hemisphere (pair)
9459
centrum semiovale (par)
semioval centre (pair)
61960 6267 Tax
capsula extrema
extreme capsule
62076 9508 Tax
pedunculus temporalis
temporal peduncle
77636 6275
fasciculus uncinatus cerebri
uncinate fasciculus of brain
77633 6276
fasciculus occipitofrontalis inferior
inferior occipitofrontal fasciculus
61950 6239 Tax
capsula interna (par)
internal capsule (pair)
61952 6241 Tax
crus anterius (par)
anterior limb (pair)
76976 5877
radiatio thalamica anterior ; radiatio anterior thalami
anterior thalamic radiation
75223 6243 Tax
tractus frontopontinus
frontopontine tract
61953 6244 Tax
genu capsulae internae (par)
knee of internal capsule (pair)
75222 6245 Tax
pars capsularis
capsular part
61954 6246 Tax
crus posterius capsulae internae (par)
posterior limb of internal capsule (pair)
76978 5878
radiatio thalamica centralis ; radiatio centralis thalami
central thalamic radiation
8528 Tax
tractus corticoreticularis
corticoreticular tract
9196 Tax
tractus corticoruber
corticored tract
8527 Tax
tractus corticospinalis
corticospinal tract
8525 Tax
fibrae corticothalamicae
corticothalamic fibres
8535 Tax
fibrae parietopontinae
parietopontine fibres
7574
fibrae thalamoparietales
thalamoparietal fibres
61957 6254 Tax
pars retrolentiformis capsulae internae (par) ; crus retrolentiforme capsulae internae (par)
retrolentiform limb of internal capsule (pair); retrolenticular limb of internal capsule (pair)
8534 Tax
fibrae occipitopontinae
occipitopontine fibres
6256
fibrae occipitotectae
occipitohidden fibres
61941 5884
radiatio optica
optic radiation
12178
fibrae geniculocalcarinae
geniculocalcarine fibres
76982 5886
radiatio thalamica posterior ; radiatio posterior thalami
posterior thalamic radiation
61958 6259 Tax
pars sublentiformis (par)
sublentiform limb (pair); sublenticular limb (pair)
8500
radiatio acustica
acoustic radiation
12176
fibrae geniculotemporales
geniculotemporal fibres
6261 Tax
fibrae corticotectae
corticohidden fibres
61941 5884
radiatio optica
optic radiation
12178
fibrae geniculocalcarinae
geniculocalcarine fibres
8536 Tax
fibrae temporopontinae
temporopontine fibres
8525 Tax
fibrae corticothalamicae
corticothalamic fibres
260714 7616 Tax
tractus associationis originis telencephali ; tractus associationis cerebri
association tracts of telencephalon; association tracts of brain
260717 6274 Tax
fibrae associationis breves ; fibrae U-figuratae
short fibres of association ; U-fibres ▲
77630 6273 Tax
fibrae longae associationis
long association fibres ▲
14223
systema longitudinale superius
superior longitudinal system
77631 6272
fasciculus longitudinalis superior
superior longitudinal fasciculus
9484
fasciculus longitudinalis superior I
superior longitudinal fasciculus I
9485
fasciculus longitudinalis superior II
superior longitudinal fasciculus II
9486
fasciculus longitudinalis superior III
superior longitudinal fasciculus III
11829
fasciculus frontooccipitalis
frontooccipital fasciculus
77634 6277
fasciculus occipitofrontalis superior
superior occipitofrontal fasciculus
276650 6269
fasciculus arcuatus
arcuate fasciculus
14203
systema longitudinale inferius
inferior longitudinal system
14221
fasciculus frontooccipitalis inferior
inferior frontooccipital fasciculus
77636 6275
fasciculus uncinatus cerebri
uncinate fasciculus of brain
77633 6276
fasciculus occipitofrontalis inferior
inferior occipitofrontal fasciculus
14215
systema longitudinale medium
middle longitudinal system
14222
fasciculus longitudinalis medius
middle longitudinal fasciculus
14216
systema longitudinale basale
basal longitudinal system
77632 6271
fasciculus longitudinalis inferior
inferior longitudinal fasciculus
14217
systema longitudinale mesiale
mesial longitudinal system
260761 6270
cingulum
girdle
14218
systema transversum anterius
anterior transverse system
9510
fasciculus frontalis obliquus
oblique frontal fasciculus ; frontal aslant tract
14219
systema transversum posterius
posterior transverse system
83457 11830
fasciculus temporoparietalis verticalis
vertical temporoparietal fasciculus ; temporoparietal aslant tract
14220
fibrae associationis lobares
lobar fibres of association
9511
fasciculus frontalis orbitopolaris
orbitopolar frontal fasciculus
9512
fasciculus frontomarginalis
frontomarginal fasciculus
6278
fasciculi occipitales verticales
vertical occipital fasciculi
6279
fibrae laterales
lateral fibres
6280
fibrae caudales
caudal fibres
6281
fasciculi occipitales horizontales
horizontal occipital fasciculi
6282
fibrae cuneatae
cuneate fibres
6283
fibrae lingulares
lingular fibres
8522 Tax
tractus commissurales originis cerebri; tractus commissurales cerebri
commissural tracts of telencephalon; commissural tracts of brain
6285
fibrae corporis callosi
fibres of corpus callosum
77693 6085 Tax
radiatio corporis callosi
radiation of corpus callosum
61944 6086
forceps minor ; forceps frontalis
lesser forceps ; frontal forceps
61949 6087
forceps major ; forceps occipitalis
major forceps; occipital forceps
77208 6088
tapetum
tapetum
61970 6286
commissura hippocampi ; psalterium
hippocampal commissure; psalterium
61961 5799 Tax
commissura anterior
anterior commissure
61963 6089 Tax
pars anterior commissurae anterioris
anterior part of anterior commissure
61964 6090 Tax
pars posterior commissurae anterioris
posterior part of anterior commissure
61959 6266 Tax
capsula externa (par)
external capsule (pair)
8524 Tax
tractus descendentes originis cerebri
descending tracts of origin in telencephalon
77637 9509
fasciculus subcallosus
subcallosal bundle
84379 6193
fasciculus peduncularis descendens
descending peduncular fasciculus
13173
fasciculus angularis
angular bundle
9395 Tax
tractus perforans
perforating tract
9544 Tax
fibrae corticostriatales
corticostriatal fibres
8525 Tax
fibrae corticothalamicae
corticothalamic fibres
6256
fibrae occipitotectae
occipitohidden fibres
72634 8526 Tax
tractus pyramidalis
pyramidal tract
9196 Tax
tractus corticoruber
corticored tract
8528 Tax
tractus corticoreticularis
corticoreticular tract
12525
tractus corticonuclearis
corticonuclear tract
8527 Tax
tractus corticospinalis
corticospinal tract
12543
tractus corticopontini
corticopontine tracts
8532 Tax
fibrae frontopontinae
frontopontine fibres
8535 Tax
fibrae parietopontinae
parietopontine fibres
8536 Tax
fibrae temporopontinae
temporopontine fibres
8534 Tax
fibrae occipitopontinae
occipitopontine fibres
18661 6265 Tax
corona radiata (par)
corona radiata (pair)
98 lines
67.3 %
58.2 %
Scientific notes
UID
Libelle of note
6254
The Pars retrolentiformis of the Internal capsule should be treated as a separate component, not as part of the Posterior limb; Crus retrolentiforme suggested as synonym. The Pars sublentiformis also forms a separate component of the Internal capsule; Crus sublentiforme suggested as synonym.
6259
See note # 6254
6267
The Capsula extrema (Extreme capsule) forms one of the Long association systems involved in language processing (see Catani M, Thiebaut de Schotten M 2012 Atlas of Human Brain Connections. Oxford University Press, Oxford).
6269
Although in the Fasciculus arcuatus (Arcuate fasciculus) three segments (anterior, long and posterior) were distinguished (Cayani M, Jones DK, ffytche DH 2005 Perisylvian language pathways. Ann Neurol 57:8-16), more recent research showed that the anterior segment belongs to the superior longitudinal fasciculus and the posterior segment is in reality separate and was renamed Fasciculus temporoparietalis verticalis (temporoparietal vertical or aslant tract), leaving the long segment as the true arcuate fasciculus (Fernandez-Miranda JC, Wang Y, Pathak S, et al. 2015 Asymmetry, connectivity, and segmentation of the arcuate fascicle in the human brain. Brain Struct Funct 220:3665-3680)
6272
The Fasciculus longitudinalis superior (Superior longitudinal fasciculus) appears to be composed of three bundles (SLFI-III or Superior, Middle and Inferior; Makris N, Kennedy DN, McInerney S, et al. 2005 Segmentation of subcomponents within the superior longitudinal fascicle in humans: A quantitative, in vivo, DT-MRI study. Cereb Cortex 15:854-869) as in monkeys (Schmahmann JD, Pandya DN 2006 Fiber Pathways of the Brain. Oxford University Press, New York; Thiebaut de Schotten M, Dell'Acqua F, Valabreque R, Catani M 2012 Monkey to human comparative anatomy of the frontal lobe association tracts. Cortex 48:82-96).
6273
Here, the new nomenclature for the long association fibres of the cerebrum is advocated as proposed by Mandonnet E, Sarubbo S, Petit L (2018 The nomenclature of human white matter association pathways: Proposal for a systematic taxonomic anatomical classification. Front Neuroanat 12:94).
6274
The Fibrae U-figuratae (U-shaped fibres) were first described by Meynert (1872), and replaced the term Fibrae arcuatae cerebri (Arnold 1838) that became obsolete.
6278
Recently, the Fasciculus temporoparietalis verticalis (Temporoparietal aslant tract) was demonstrated, replacing the vertical segment of the arcuate fasciculus (Panesar SS, Belo JT, Yeh F-C, Fernandez-Miranda JC 2019 Structure, asymmetry, and connectivity of the human temporo-parietal asland and vertical occipital fasciculi. Brain Struct Funct 224:907-923; see also 6273).
6286
(Commissura hippocampi): The old term Psalterium has been added; much in use by clinicians; for a study on the cells of origin of commissural connections of the monkey hippocampal formation, see Amaral DG, Insausti R, Cowan WM (1984) The commissural connections of the monkey hippocampal formation. J Comp Neurol 224:307-336.
9459
This term, introduced in 1684 by Vieussens as 'Centrum ovale' to indicate the oval shape of the Cerebral white matter, continuous with the Internal capsule, was later changed into Centrum semiovale by Flatau E (1894 Atlas des menschlichen Gehirns und des Faserverlaufes. Karger, Berlin) and others. In the clinical literature, this term is common usage. It was included by His and colleagues in the BNA.
9508
The Pedunculus temporalis (Temporal peduncle) forms the connection between the temporal and frontal lobes and contains: (1) the Fasciculus occipitofrontalis inferior (Inferior occipitofrontal fasciculus); and (2) the Fasciculus uncinatus cerebri (Uncinate fasciculus).
9509
The Fasciculus subcallosus (Subcallosal fasciculus or Bundle of Muratoff; Muratoff W 1893 Secundäre Degenerationen nach Durchschneidung des Balkens. Neurol Centralbl 12:714-729) forms a separate bundle of Corticostriatal fibres (see Schmahmann JD, Pandya DN 2007 The complex history of the fronto-occipital fasciculus. J Hist Med 16:362-377).
9510
The Fasciculus frontalis obliquus (Frontal aslant tract or Frontal oblique tract) connects the SMA and pre-SMA with the opercular part of the Inferior frontal gyrus (Catani M, Dell'Acqua F, Vergani F, et al. 2012 Short frontal lobe connections of the human brain. Cortex 48:273-291).
Signature
Type of list P4
List Unit Identifier 9449
Number of children 117 (validated)
Number of units 98 (validated)
Invalid signature 5032 (stored value 7853)
Date: 28.05.2024