Liste partonomique P4, langue principale: FR, subsidiaire: LA, interface: FR, travaux en cours

mésocortex (paire)

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Page de départ TNA partonomy
Niveau supérieur système nerveux
Niveau 2 encéphale Abrégé étendu
Niveau 3 télencéphale Abrégé étendu
Niveau actuel mésocortex (paire)
Langage subsidiaire avec le latin Anglais Français Espagnol Russe
Language principal non Latin Anglais Français Espagnol Russe
Liste partonomique
Equivalent français court
Terme Latin officiel court
84039 39311 6129
mésocortex (paire)
mesocortex (par)
39314 8920
proisocortex (paire)
proisocortex (par)
39317 8921
périallocortex (paire)
periallocortex (par)
39320 8922
péripaléocortex (paire)
peripaleocortex (par)
39323 8924
périarchicortex (paire)
periarchicortex (par)
28326 12168
couches du présubiculum (paire)
strata presubiculi (par)
28431 9411
couche moléculaire du présubiculum (paire)
stratum moleculare presubiculi (par)
28434 9412
couche principale externe du présubiculum (paire)
stratum principale externum presubiculi (par)
28437 9413
couche principale interne du présubiculum (paire)
stratum principale internum presubiculi (par)
28428 12169
couches du parasubiculum (paire)
strata parasubiculi (par)
28444 9415
couche moléculaire du parasubiculum (paire)
stratum moleculare parasubiculi (par)
28447 9416
couche cellulaire du parasubiculum (paire)
stratum cellulare parasubiculi (par)
28451 9417
couches du cortex entorhinal (paire)
strata corticis entorhinalis (par)
28454 9418
couche moléculaire du cortex entorhinal (paire) ; lame 1 du cortex entorhinal (paire)
stratum moleculare corticis entorhinalis (par) ; lamina 1 corticis entorhinalis (par)
28457 9421
couche principale externe du cortex entorhinal (paire)
stratum principale externum corticis entorhinalis (par)
28460 9422
couche stellaire du cortex entorhinal (paire) ; lame 2 du cortex entorhinal (paire)
stratum stellare corticis entorhinalis (par) ; lamina 2 corticis entorhinalis (par)
28463 9425
couche pyramidale du cortex entorhinal (paire) ; lame 3 du cortex entorhinal (paire)
stratum pyramidale corticis entorhinalis (par) ; lamina 3 corticis entorhinalis (par)
28466 9427
lame dissécante du cortex entorhinal (paire) ; lame 4 du cortex entorhinal (paire)
lamina dissecans corticis entorhinalis (par) ; lamina 4 corticis entorhinalis (par)
28469 9428
couche principale interne du cortex entorhinal (paire) ; lame 5 du cortex entorhinal (paire)
stratum principale internum corticis entorhinalis (par) ; lamina 5 corticis entorhinalis (par)
28472 9429
couche magnocellulaire du cortex entorhinal (paire) ; sublame 5a du cortex entorhinal (paire)
stratum magnocellulare corticis entorhinalis (par) ; sublamina 5a corticis entorhinalis (par)
28475 9430
couche parvocellulaire du cortex entorhinal (paire) ; sublame 5b du cortex entorhinal (paire)
stratum parvocellulare corticis entorhinalis (par) ; sublamina 5b corticis entorhinalis (par)
28478 9431
couche 5c du cortex entorhinal (paire) ; sublame 5c du cortex entorhinal (paire)
stratum 5c corticis entorhinalis (par) ; sublamina 5c corticis entorhinalis (par)
45465 8766
couches du cortex périrhinal (paire)
strata corticis perirhinalis (par)
45468 8767
couche moléculaire du cortex périrhinal (paire) ; lame 1 du cortex périrhinal (paire)
stratum moleculare corticis perirhinalis (par) ; lamina 1 corticis perirhinalis (par)
45471 8768
couche stellaire du cortex périrhinal (paire) ; lame 2 du cortex périrhinal (paire)
stratum stellare corticis perirhinalis (par) ; lamina 2 corticis perirhinalis (par)
45474 8769
couche pyramidale externe du cortex périrhinal (paire) ; lame 3 du cortex périrhinal (paire)
stratum pyramidale externum corticis perirhinalis (par) ; lamina 3 corticis perirhinalis (par)
45477 8770
lame dissécante du cortex périrhinal (paire) ; lame 4 du cortex périrhinal (paire)
lamina dissecans corticis perirhinalis (par) ; lamina 4 corticis perirhinalis (par)
25047 8771
couche pyramidale interne du cortex périrhinal (paire) ; lame 5 du cortex périrhinal (paire)
stratum pyramidale internum corticis perirhinalis (par) ; lamina 5 corticis perirhinalis (par)
25054 8772
couche multiforme du cortex périrhinal (paire) ; lame 6 du cortex périrhinal (paire)
stratum multiforme corticis perirhinalis (par) ; lamina 6 corticis perirhinalis (par)
28499 9454
cortex cingulaire (paire)
cortex cingularis (par)
28487 9433
cortex rétrosplénial (paire)
cortex retrosplenialis (par)
28490 9434
cortex ectosplénial (paire)
cortex ectosplenialis (par)
28493 9443
cortex rétrosplénial granulaire (paire)
cortex retrosplenialis granularis (par)
28496 9453
cortex rétrosplénial dysgranulaire (paire)
cortex retrosplenialis dysgranularis (par)
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Notes scientifiques
Libelle of note
The Mesocortex (Rose M 1927 Der Allocortex bei Tier und Mensch. I. Teil. J Psychol Neurol (Lpz) 34:1-11) comprises the Proisocortex, a transition area between the Isocortex and the Allocortex, and the Periallocortex, the adjoining part of the Allocortex (Filimonoff 1947); also known as Paralimbic cortex (Mesulam 1985). The Periallocortex can further be subdivided into the Peripaleocortex (Claustrum) and the Periarchicortex (Entorhinal, Presubicular and Retrosplenial cortices and part of the Cingulate gyrus; Filimonoff 1947; Zilles and Amunts 2012).
The Cortex perirhinalis (Perirhinal cortex; BA35) and the Transentorhinal subregion of Braak and Braak (1992) are somewhat synonymous terms (Augustinack JC, Huber KE, Stevens AA, et al. 2013 Predicting the location of human perirhinal cortex, Brodmann's area 35, from MRI. Neuroimage 64:32-42). In other studies (Ding S-L, Van Hoesen GW 2010 Borders, extent, and topography of human perirhinal cortex as revealed using multiple modern neuroanatomical and pathological markers. Hum Brain Mapp 31:1359-1379), BA 36 is included within the Perirhinal cortex. This is unfortunate since BA35 is periarchicortex but BA36 (Ectorhinal cortex) is truly isocortex. The Layers of BA35 are comparable to those of the adjacent Entorhinal cortex.
In the Cortex entorhinalis (Entorhinal cortex), Insausti et al. (Insausti R, Tuñón T, Sobreviela T, et al. 1995 The human entorhinal cortex: A cytoarchitectonic analysis. J Comp Neurol 355:171-198) distinguished 8 subfields (EO, ER, ELR, EMI, EI, ELC, EC and ECL). For the layers of the Entorhinal cortex, the subdivision by Insausti and Amaral (2012) into six Laminae is advocated. To avoid confusion with isocortical layers, here, arabic numerals are used as in the literature. TH Latin and English terms (H4.8.03.104/114) are added. For Layers 2 and 3, the general term External principal layer is advocated, for Layer 5 Internal principal layer, following Braak H, Braak E (1992 The human entorhinal cortex: Normal morphology and lamina-specific pathology in various diseases. Neurosci Res 15:6-31). Layer 2 is made up of islands of relatively large and darkly stained modified pyramidal and stellate cells (Braak and Braak 1992: Pre-a). Layer 3 corresponds to layers Pre-ß and Pre-? of Braak and Braak (1992). The layers Pre-a, Pre-ß and Pre-? form their External principal layer. Layer 5 corresponds to the Internal principal layer with sublayers Pri-a, Pri-ß and Pri-? of Braak and Braak (1992).
The complex Cortex retrosplenialis (Retrosplenial cortex) consists of Periarchicortical (BA26) and Proisocortical (BA29, 30) areas (Braak H 1980 Architectonics of the Human Telencephalic Cortex. Springer, Berlin-Heidelberg-New York; Zilles and Amunts 2012). The TH nomenclature (H4.8.03.122/129) seems to combine these different structures. The Cortex ectosplenialis (Ectosplenial cortex; BA26) has a primitive three-laminar pattern with Molecular, Densocellular and Multiform layers. The Cortex retrosplenialis granularis (Granular retrosplenial cortex; BA29) shows a four-layered structure: Molecular, External and Internal pyramidal and Multiform layers. The Cortex retrosplenialis dysgranularis (Dysgranular retrosplenial cortex; BA 30) shows a further progression of laminar differentiation with an additional (Internal) granular layer.
For further subdivision of the Cortex cingularis (Cingulate cortex) with Layers, see Vogt BA, Palomero-Gallager N (2012) Cingulate cortex. In: Mai JK, Paxinos G, eds: The Human Nervous System, 3rd ed. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 934-987.
TH subdivision into six layers (H4.8.03.115/121) suggested a well-divided structure. Insausti and Amaral (2012) emphasized that the laminar organization of the Presubiculum is complex and only poorly understood. They described a single, superficially located cellular layer made up of External and Internal principal layers. Their subdivision is followed here.
Type of list P4
List Unit Identifier 6129
Number of children 101 (validated)
Number of units 34 (validated)
Signature 700 (validated since 12.12.2020)
Date: 31.12.2021