Partonomy list P4, primary language: EN, subsidiary: LA, interface: EN, work in progress

archicortex (pair)

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Top level nervous system
Level 2 encephalon Short Extended
Level 3 telencephalon Short Extended
Current level archicortex (pair)
Subsidiary language with Latin English French Spanish Russian
Non Latin primary language English French Spanish Russian
Partonomy list
Short English equivalent
Short official Latin term
62424 39264 6125
archicortex (pair)
archicortex (par)
39290 9295
hippocampal fields (pair)
regiones hippocampi (par)
74042 39293 6151
CA1 field (pair)
cornu ammonis 1 (par)
72044 39296 6152
CA2 field (pair)
cornu ammonis 2 (par)
72045 39299 6153
CA3 field (pair)
cornu ammonis 3 (par)
75741 39302 6154
CA3h field (pair)
cornu ammonis 3h (par)
28169 6157
layers of hippocampus (pair) ; layers of Ammon's horn (pair)
strata hippocampi (par)
83149 28172 6158
lacunomolecular layer (pair)
stratum lacunomoleculare (par)
83894 28184 6161
radiate layer (pair)
stratum radiatum (par)
83895 28181 6160
pyramidal layer (pair)
stratum pyramidale (par)
83893 28175 6159
oriens layer (pair)
stratum oriens (par)
28188 9023
neurons of hippocampus (pair)
neura hippocampi (par)
28192 9298
projection neurons of hippocampus (pair); principal neurons of hippocampus (pair)
neura projectionis hippocampi (par)
28196 9299
pyramidal neurons of hippocampus (pair) ; pyramidal cells of hippocampus (pair)
neura pyramidalia hippocampi (par)
28200 9305
interneurons of hippocampus (pair)
interneura hippocampi (par)
28204 9307
inhibitory interneurons of hippocampus (pair)
interneura inhibitoria hippocampi (par)
28208 9312
basket neurons of hippocampus (pair); basket cells of hippocampus (pair)
neura corbiformia hippocampi (par)
28212 9326
bistratified neurons of hippocampus (pair) ; bistratified cells of hippocampus (pair)
neura bistratificata hippocampi (par)
28216 9328
chandelier neurons of hippocampus (pair) ; chandelier cells of hippocampus (pair); axoaxonic neurons of hippocampus (pair)
neura candelaria hippocampi (par)
31679 8764
white matter of hippocampus (pair) ; white substance of hippocampus (pair)
substantia alba hippocampi (par)
32090 13172
commissural tracts of hippocampus
tractus commissurales hippocampi
61970 6286 6286
hippocampal commissure; psalterium
commissura hippocampi ; psalterium
34735 9331
descending tracts of hippocampus ; descending tracts of origin in hippocampus
tractus descendentes hippocampi ; tractus descendentes originis hippocampi
61965 6091 6091
33889 8538
proper tracts of hippocampus ; intrinsic tracts of hippocampus
tractus proprii hippocampi ; tractus intrinsici hippocampi
28344 9396
mossy fibres of hippocampus
neurofibrae muscosae hippocampi
28348 9397
axonal collaterals of proper hippocampus
collaterales axonales hippocampi proprii
8539 8539
endfolial pathway
via endofolialis
28352 9398
hilar axonal collaterals of proper hippocampus
collaterales axonales hilares hippocampi proprii
83867 6156 6156
alveus hippocampi
83866 6075 6075
fimbria hippocampi
83678 28356 6163
layers of dentate gyrus (pair)
strata gyri dentati (par)
83677 28359 6164
molecular layer of dentate gyrus (pair)
stratum moleculare gyri dentati (par)
83146 28362 6165
granular layer of dentate gyrus (pair)
stratum granulare gyri dentati (par)
72358 28365 6166
multiform layer of dentate gyrus (pair)
stratum multiforme gyri dentati (par)
28373 9399
neurons of dentate gyrus (pair)
neura gyri dentati (par)
28377 9400
projection neurons of dentate gyrus (pair); principal neurons of dentate gyrus (pair)
neura projectionis gyri dentati (par) ; neura principalia gyri dentati (par)
28381 9401
granule neurons of dentate gyrus (pair); granule cells of dentate gyrus (pair)
neura granularia gyri dentati (par)
28385 9402
interneurons of dentate gyrus (pair)
interneura gyri dentati (par)
28389 9403
excitatory interneurons of dentate gyrus (pair)
interneura excitatoria gyri dentati (par)
28393 9404
mossy neurons of dentate gyrus (pair) ; stellate neurons of dentate gyrus (pair) ; mossy cells of dentate gyrus (pair); stellate cells of dentate gyrus (pair)
neura muscosa gyri dentati (par) ; neura stellata gyri dentati (par)
28397 9405
inhibitory interneurons of dentate gyrus (pair)
interneura inhibitoria gyri dentati (par)
28401 9406
pyramidal basket neurons of dentate gyrus (pair); pyramidal basket cells of dentate gyrus (pair)
neura corbiformia pyramidalia gyri dentati (par)
28405 9407
chandelier neurons of dentate gyrus (pair) ; axoaxonal neurons of dentate gyrus (pair) ; chandelier cells of dentate gyrus (pair); axoaxonic cells of dentate gyrus (pair)
neura candelaria gyri dentati (par) ; neura axoaxonalia gyri dentati (par)
39309 11908
layers of subiculum (pair)
strata subiculi (par)
28418 8760
molecular layer of subiculum (pair)
stratum moleculare subiculi (par)
28421 8761
pyramidal layer of subiculum (pair)
stratum pyramidale subiculi (par)
28424 8763
multiform layer of subiculum (pair)
stratum multiforme subiculi (par)
48 lines
87.5 %
99.2 %
Scientific notes
Libelle of note
The Archicortex includes the Hippocampus (Ammon's horn, Dentate gyrus and Subiculum), Presubiculum, Parasubiculum, Entorhinal cortex, Retrosplenial cortex and a cortical band in the Cingulate gyrus (Stephan 1975; Zilles K, Amunts K 2012 Architecture of the cerebral cortex. In: Mai JK, Paxinos G, eds: The Human Nervous System, 3rd ed. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 836-895).
(Commissura hippocampi): The old term Psalterium has been added; much in use by clinicians; for a study on the cells of origin of commissural connections of the monkey hippocampal formation, see Amaral DG, Insausti R, Cowan WM (1984) The commissural connections of the monkey hippocampal formation. J Comp Neurol 224:307-336.
The Via endofolialis (Endfolial pathway) is composed of Hilar Schaffer collaterals from CA3h (see Lim C, Mufson EJ, Kordower JH, et al. 1997 Connections of the hippocampal formation in humans. II. The endfolial pathway. J Comp Neurol 385:352-371).
The classic Golgi studies by Cajal (Ramón y Cajal S 1909-1911 Histologie du système nerveux de l'homme et des vertébrés. Maloine, Paris) and Lorente de Nó R (1934 Studies on the structure of the cerebral cortex. II. Continuation of the study of the ammonic system. J Psychol Neurol (Lpz) 46:113-177) showed the presence of some 20 different types of interneurons in the Hippocampus. Most of them have been immunohistochemically defined (see Freund TF, Buzsaki G 1996 Interneurons of the hippocampus. Hippocampus 6:347-470; Somogyi P 2010 Hippocampus: Intrinsic organization. In: Shepherd GM, Grillner S, eds: Handbook of Brain Microcircuitry. Oxford University Press, New York, pp 148-164). Some 28 types of GABAergic interneurons can be distinguished (Somogyi 2010), basically: Basket neurons, Bistratified neurons, and Chandelier neurons.
Type of list P4
List Unit Identifier 6125
Number of children 121 (validated)
Number of units 48 (validated)
Signature 1943 (validated since 14.3.2020)
Date: 31.12.2021