Partonomy list P4, primary language: EN, subsidiary: LA, interface: EN, work in progress

limbic lobe (pair)

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Top level nervous system
Level 2 encephalon Short Extended
Level 3 telencephalon Short Extended
Current level limbic lobe (pair)
Subsidiary language with Latin English French Spanish Russian
Non Latin primary language English French Spanish Russian
Partonomy list
Short English equivalent
Short official Latin term
72719 38865 6066
limbic lobe (pair)
lobus limbicus (par)
275048 38868 8717
limbic gyrus (pair) ; outer ring of limbic lobe (pair)
gyrus limbicus (par)
61890 6047 6047
subcallosal area ; subcallosal gyrus
area subcallosa ; gyrus subcallosus
62434 38871 6067
cingulate gyrus (pair) ; gyrus of cingulum (pair)
gyrus cingularis (par)
61916 38874 8718
anterior cingulate cortex (pair)
pars anterior (par)
276530 38877 8720
midcingulate cortex (pair)
pars media (par)
61924 38880 8726
posterior cingulate cortex (pair)
pars posterior (par)
9433 9433
retrosplenial cortex
cortex retrosplenialis
62502 38886 6068
isthmus of cingulate gyrus (pair)
isthmus gyri cingularis (par)
61918 38889 6070
parahippocampal gyrus (pair)
gyrus parahippocampalis (par)
38892 8740
entorhinal cortex (pair)
cortex entorhinalis (par)
38895 8741
white reticular matter (pair)
substantia reticularis alba (par)
38898 8742
hippocampal warts (pair)
verrucae hippocampi (par)
29864 8719
perirhinal cortex (pair)
cortex perirhinalis (par)
28484 9432
transentorhinal subregion (pair)
subregio transentorhinalis (par)
74884 38901 6071
uncus (pair)
uncus (par)
38904 8734
ambient gyrus (pair)
gyrus ambiens (par)
38907 8735
semianular sulcus (pair)
sulcus semianularis (par)
38910 8736
semilunar gyrus (pair)
gyrus semilunaris (par)
38913 8737
uncinate gyrus (pair)
gyrus uncinatus (par)
38916 8738
limbus of dentate gyrus (pair)
limbus fasciae dentatae (par)
275054 38919 8739
intralimbic gyrus (pair) ; uncal apex (pair)
gyrus intralimbicus (par)
83751 6042 6042
collateral sulcus ; medial occipitotemporal sulcus
sulcus collateralis ; sulcus occipitotemporalis medialis
83746 38922 6076
rhinal sulcus (pair)
sulcus rhinalis (par)
38925 8756
intrarhinal sulcus (pair)
sulcus intrarhinalis (par)
26489 12155
periamygdaloid region (pair)
regio periamygdaloidea (par)
74038 38928 8721
hippocampal formation (pair) ; inner ring of limbic lobe (pair)
formatio hippocampi (par)
277774 38931 8722
precommissural part of hippocampus (pair)
pars precommissuralis hippocampi (par)
38934 8723
supracommissural part of hippocampus (pair)
pars supracommissuralis hippocampi (par)
62439 38937 6083
lateral longitudinal stria (pair)
stria longitudinalis lateralis (par)
62488 38940 6082
indusium griseum (pair)
indusium griseum (par)
67956 38943 6084
medial longitudinal stria (pair)
stria longitudinalis medialis (par)
277777 38946 8724
proper hippocampus (pair) ; retrocommissural part of hippocampus (pair)
hippocampus proprius (par) ; pars retrocommissuralis hippocampi (par)
31867 12253
subdivisions of proper hippocampus (pair)
divisiones hippocampi proprii (par)
323277 39273 6146
pes of hippocampus (pair)
pes hippocampi (par)
39277 6147
hippocampal digitations (pair)
digitationes hippocampi (par)
275036 39280 9275
head of hippocampus (pair) ; anterior segment (pair)
caput hippocampi (par) ; segmentum anterius hippocampi (par)
275030 39283 9278
body of hippocampus (pair) ; middle segment of hippocampus (pair)
corpus hippocampi (par) ; segmentum medium hippocampi (par)
275042 39286 9294
tail of hippocampus (pair) ; posterior segment of hippocampus (pair)
cauda hippocampi (par) ; segmentum posterius hippocampi (par)
83747 38949 6072
hippocampal sulcus (pair)
sulcus hippocampalis (par)
61922 38952 6073
dentate gyrus (pair) ; dentate fascia (pair)
gyrus dentatus (par) ; fascia dentata (par)
83728 38955 6074
fimbriodentate sulcus (pair)
sulcus fimbriodentatus (par)
38959 8762
teeth of subiculum (pair) ; subsplenial gyri (pair) ; gyri of Andreas Retzius (pair)
dentes subiculi (par) ; gyri subspleniales (par)
61921 38962 6069
fasciolar gyrus (pair)
gyrus fasciolaris (par)
275093 38965 8757
fasciola cinerea (pair)
fasciola cinerea (par)
74414 39305 6149
subiculum (pair)
subiculum (par)
62486 29102 6148
presubiculum (pair)
presubiculum (par)
77604 29105 6145
parasubiculum (pair)
parasubiculum (par)
48 lines
92.5 %
98.3 %
Scientific notes
Libelle of note
The Gyrus cingularis (Cingulate gyrus) can at least be divided into an Anterior, a Posterior and a Retrosplenial part. Vogt BA, Palomero-Gallagher N (2012 Cingulate cortex. In: Mai JK, Paxinos G, eds: The Human Nervous System, 3rd ed. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 943-987) added a Midcingulate cortex.
See note # 8762
The Uncus is treated in various ways: 1) as the rostral part of the Parahippocampal gyrus; 2) as a structure on its own. TNA suggests the latter. Insausti R and Amaral DG (2012 Hippocampal formation. In: Mai JK, Paxinos G, eds: The Human Nervous System, 3rd ed. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 896-942) advocated to restrict the term Uncus to the Gyrus uncinatus, the Band or limbus of Giacomini and the Gyrus intralimbicus (or Uncal apex). The Sulcus semianularis (Semi-anular sulcus) separates the Ambient and Semilunar sulci (see Duvernoy HM 1992, 1998 The Human Hippocampus, 2nd ed. Springer, Berlin-Heidelberg-New York). The Gyrus uncinatus is the most rostral part of Uncal bulge, according to Insausti and Amaral (2012) and part of field CA1. The Limbus fasciae dentatae (Band of dentate gyrus) is the Middle part of the Uncus, first described by Giacomini CH (1884 Fascia dentata du grand hippocampe dans le cerveau de l'homme. Arch Ital Biol 5:1-16, 205-209, 396-417) and part of the Dentate gyrus. The Gyrus intralimbicus (Intralimbic gyrus or Uncal apex) is the most caudal part of the Uncal bulge and part of field CA3.
The Cortex perirhinalis (Perirhinal cortex) is also not included in TA; for description, see Augustinack JC, Huber KE, Stevens AA, et al. (2013 Predicting the location of human perirhinal cortex, Brodmann's area 35, from MRI. Neuroimage 64:32-42).
Field CA4 appears to correspond most closely to the polymorph zone of the Dentate gyrus, and, therefore, is not a field of the Hippocampus at all. Amaral and Insausti (Amaral DG, Insausti R 1990 Hippocampal formation. In: Paxinos G, ed: The Human Nervous System. Academic Press, San Diego, CA, pp 711-755) suggested the term 'CA3h' for the pyramidal cells within the hilus ('h'), continuous with CA3.
See note # 6071
See note # 6071
See note # 6071
See note # 6071
See note # 6071
In the French literature, for the Inner ring of the Limbic lobe the term Gyrus intralimbicus is used. In the German literature, however, this term is used for the Uncal apex.
The Cortex entorhinalis (Entorhinal cortex) is not included in TA; for description, see Braak H, Braak E (1992 The human entorhinal cortex: Normal morphology and lamina-specific pathology in various diseases. Neurosci Res 15:6-31. The Substantia reticularis alba (White reticular substance of Arnold) is the white matter surrounding the darker patches of Layer 2 cell islands. The Verrucae hippocampi (Hippocampal warts) are located above these cell islands and described by Retzius G (1896 Das Menschenhirn: Studien in der makroskopischen Morphologie. Norstedt, Stockholm) and Klingler J (1948 Die makroskopische Anatomie der Ammonsformation. Denkschr Schweiz Naturforsch Ges, Vol 78, Fretz, Zürich). They mark the surface of the Entorhinal cortex.
See note # 8740
The Sulcus intrarhinalis (Intrarhinal sulcus) is found between the Ambient gyrus and the Entorhinal cortex (see Duvernoy 1992; Insausti and Amaral 2012).
See note # 8762
The Dentes subiculi (Gyri of Andreas Retzius) were described by Retzius (1896) for the Caudal part of CA1 at the Hippocampal tail; the term Gyri subspleniales (Subsplenial gyri) indicate their position. Deep to the Gyri andreae retzii, two obliquely oriented small gyri are found (Duvernoy 1998; Insausti and Amaral 2012): 1) a medial gyrus: the Fasciola cinerea, which forms the visible part of the Dentate gyrus as descibed by Giacomini (1884) and Klingler (1948); and 2) a lateral gyrus: Gyrus fasciolaris (Fasciolar gyrus), corresponding to the caudal end of the CA3 field.
The complex Cortex retrosplenialis (Retrosplenial cortex) consists of Periarchicortical (BA26) and Proisocortical (BA29, 30) areas (Braak H 1980 Architectonics of the Human Telencephalic Cortex. Springer, Berlin-Heidelberg-New York; Zilles and Amunts 2012). The TH nomenclature (H4.8.03.122/129) seems to combine these different structures. The Cortex ectosplenialis (Ectosplenial cortex; BA26) has a primitive three-laminar pattern with Molecular, Densocellular and Multiform layers. The Cortex retrosplenialis granularis (Granular retrosplenial cortex; BA29) shows a four-layered structure: Molecular, External and Internal pyramidal and Multiform layers. The Cortex retrosplenialis dysgranularis (Dysgranular retrosplenial cortex; BA 30) shows a further progression of laminar differentiation with an additional (Internal) granular layer.
In the Regio periamygdaloidea (Periamygdaloid region) according to Brockhaus H (1940 Zur normalen und pathologischen Anatomie des Mandelkerngebietes. J Psychol Neurol (Lpz) 49:1-136) and Stephan (1975) only two layers can be distinguished.
Type of list P4
List Unit Identifier 6066
Number of children 137 (validated)
Number of units 48 (validated)
Signature 16857 (validated since 3.4.2019)
Date: 31.12.2021