Partonomy list P4, primary language: EN, subsidiary: LA, interface: EN, work in progress

retinal ganglion neurons (pair)

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Home page TNA partonomy
Top level nervous system
Level 2 visual organ (pair) Short Extended
Level 3 internal layer of eyeball (pair) Short Extended
Current level retinal ganglion neurons (pair)
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Non Latin primary language English French Spanish Russian
Partonomy list
Short English equivalent
Short official Latin term
67765 30295 7655
retinal ganglion neurons (pair); retinal ganglion cells (pair)
neura ganglionaria retinalia (par)
30299 7668
large parasol type ganglion neurons (pair); large parasol type ganglion cells (pair); M type ganglion cells (pair)
neura ganglionaria umbelliformia magna (par)
30303 7669
small parasol type ganglion neurons (pair); small parasol type ganglion cells (pair); P2 type ganglion cells (pair)
neura ganglionaria umbelliformia parva (par)
30307 7670
midget ganglion neurons (pair); midget ganglion cells (pair); P1 type ganglion cells (pair)
neura ganglionaria nana (par)
4 lines
60.0 %
100.0 %
Scientific notes
Libelle of note
TH term 'multipolare' replaced by 'retinale' for consistency. There are at least 18 different morphological types of ganglion cells in the human retina, numbered from G1-G23 after Golgi studies (G = Golgi type) by Kolb et al. (1981 Vision Res 21:1081-1114) in cats. Special names have been given to the Midget and Parasol ganglion cells, projecting to the Parvocellular and Magnocellular layers of CGL.
More recently, these ganglion cells became known as Small and Large bistratified ganglion cells, giving rise to the Koniocellular pathway to the CGL (Dacey DM 2000 Parallel pathways for spectral coding in primate retina. Annu Rev Neurosci 23:743-775; Nassi JJ, Callaway EM 2009 Parallel processing strategies of the primate visual system. Nat Rev Neurosci 10:360-372).
Type of list P4
List Unit Identifier 7655
Number of children 11 (validated)
Number of units 4 (validated)
Signature 24205 (validated since 4.4.2018)
Date: 10.09.2021