Partonomy list P3F, primary language: EN, subsidiary: LA, interface: EN, work in progress

tracts of origin in rostral rhombencephalon (pair)

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Top level nervous system
Level 2 tracts of central nervous system (pair) Short Extended
Current level tracts of origin in rostral rhombencephalon (pair) Short
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Partonomy list
Short English equivalent
Short official Latin term
25150 8422
tracts of origin in rostral rhombencephalon (pair)
tractus originis rhombencephali rostralis (par)
52609 31691 9462
radices centrales rhombencephali rostralis (par)
25695 8441
decussation of trochlear nerve (pair)
decussatio nervi trochlearis (par)
72510 25332 5465
genu of facial nerve (pair)
genu nervi facialis (par)
83851 34056 5302
spinal tract of trigeminal nerve (pair)
tractus spinalis nervi trigeminalis (par)
25205 5439
tractus commissurales originis rhombencephali rostralis (par)
46237 14235
pontocerebellar tract (pair)
tractus pontocerebellaris (par)
25132 11532
pontocerebellar fibres (pair)
fibrae pontocerebellares (par)
34067 5440
rostral rhombencephalic part (pair) ; pontine part (pair)
pars rhombencephalica rostralis (par) ; pars pontina (par)
31979 11787
cerebellar part (pair)
pars cerebellaris (par)
31698 8440
commissure of dorsal nucleus of lateral lemniscus (pair)
commissura nuclei dorsalis lemnisci lateralis (par)
34060 8436
tractus proprii originis rhombencephali rostralis (par) ; tractus intrinsici originis rhombencephali rostralis (par)
72485 25296 5467
olivocochlear bundle (pair)
tractus olivocochlearis (par)
34063 5433
long tracts of origin in rostral rhombencephalon (pair)
tractus longi originis rhombencephali rostralis (par)
34069 8423
tractus ascendentes originis rhombencephali rostralis (par)
25466 8424
auditory projections (pair)
projectiones auditoriae (par)
72487 25476 5466
trapezoid body (pair)
corpus trapezoideum (par)
25484 8425
acoustic striae (pair)
striae cochleares (par)
72498 25389 5470
anterior acoustic stria (pair) ; ventral acoustic stria (pair)
stria cochlearis anterior (par); stria cochlearis ventralis (par)
72497 25393 5471
intermediate acoustic stria (pair)
stria cochlearis intermedia (par)
72496 25397 5472
posterior acoustic stria (pair) ; dorsal acoustic stria (pair)
stria cochlearis posterior (par)
72502 25400 5468
lateral lemniscus (pair)
lemniscus lateralis (par)
62061 34072 8040
mammillary peduncle (pair)
pedunculus mammillaris (par)
83852 25369 8426
trigeminothalamic tracts (pair)
tractus trigeminothalamici (par)
72500 25445 5463
posterior trigeminothalamic tract (pair) ; dorsal trigeminothalamic tract (pair)
tractus trigeminothalamicus posterior (par) ; tractus trigeminothalamicus dorsalis (par)
27477 5462
anterior trigeminothalamic tract (pair) ; ventral trigeminothalamic tract (pair) ; ERR1
tractus trigeminothalamicus anterior (par) ; tractus trigeminothalamicus ventralis (par) ; ERR1
31870 12170
lateral trigeminothalamic tract (pair)
tractus trigeminothalamicus lateralis (par)
26023 7460
vestibulomesencephalic tracts (pair)
tractus vestibulomesencephalici (par)
25379 8428
lateral vestibulomesencephalic tract (pair)
tractus vestibulomesencephalicus lateralis (par)
25376 8427
medial vestibulomesencephalic tract (pair)
tractus vestibulomesencephalicus medialis (par)
25382 8429
ventral vestibulomesencephalic tract (pair)
tractus vestibulomesencephalicus ventralis (par)
25459 8430
vestibulothalamic tract (pair)
tractus vestibulothalamicus (par)
25405 11540
monoaminergic ascending fibres (pair)
fibrae ascendentes monoaminergicae (par)
27118 8431
serotonergic ascending fibres (pair)
fibrae ascendentes serotonergicae (par)
27122 8432
noradrenergic ascending fibres (pair)
fibrae ascendentes noradrenergicae (par)
34080 8420
tractus descendentes originis rhombencephali rostralis (par)
75694 34083 5234
caeruleospinal tract (pair) ; coeruleospinal tract (pair)
tractus caeruleospinalis (par)
25528 8347
reticulospinal tracts (pair)
tractus reticulospinales (par)
73986 34087 5212
medial reticulospinal tract (pair) ; pontoreticulospinal tract (pair) ; ERR1
tractus reticulospinalis medialis (par) ; tractus pontoreticulospinalis (par)
39 lines
97.4 %
95.9 %
Scientific notes
Libelle of note
For the Reticulospinal tracts various terms are used in the literature. Following the study on human reticulospinal fibres by Nathan PW, Smith MC, Deacon P (1996 Vestibulospinal, reticulospinal and descending propriospinal nerve fibres in man. Brain 119:1809-1833), here, a simplified subdivision into a Lateral (from The Myelencephalon) and a Medial reticulospinal tract (from the Pons) is advocated.
The Tractus vestibulomesencephalici include (Büttner-Ennever JA, Gerrits NM 2004 Vestibular system. In: Paxinos G, Mai JK, eds. The Human Nervous System, 2nd ed. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 1213-1240): the Tractus vestibulomesencephalicus medialis, containing fibres from Vestibular nuclei to Oculomotor nuclei, passing via the MLF; the Tractus vestibulomesencephalicus lateralis, with fibres from the Lateral vestibular nucleus to Oculomotor nuclei, passing just lateral to the MLF (eponym: Ascending tract of Deiters; the Tractus vestibulomesencephalicus ventralis, with fibres from the Y group and the Superior vestibular nucleus crossing in the Ventral tegmentum either within or below the Brachium conjunctivum.
See note # 5224
(Tractus trigeminothalamici): The Tractus trigeminothalamicus anterior arises in the Spinal trigeminal nucleus and joins the Medial lemniscus, whereas the Tractus trigeminothalamicus lateralis arises in the Caudal part of the Spinal trigeminal nucleus and joins the Anterolateral tract.
(Tractus vestibulothalamicus): In monkeys, Vestibulothalamic projections pass via both the FLM and the Ascending tract of Deiters (Lang W, Büttner-Ennever JA, Büttner U 1979 Vestibular projections to the monkey thalamus: An autoradiographic study. Brain Res 177:3-17). Zwergal et al. (2008) demonstrated a Vestibulothalamic tract adjacent to the Medial lemniscus in humans (Zwergal A, Büttner-Ennever JA, Brandt T, Strupp M 2008 An ipsilateral vestibulothalamic tract adjacent to the medial lemniscus in humans. Brain 131:2928-2935).
Type of list P3F
List Unit Identifier 8422
Sublist 1 5439 tractus commissuralis originis rhombencephali rostralis 17/6 on 20.3.2021
Sublist 2 8420 tractus descendens originis rhombencephali rostralis 11/4 on 15.4.2018
Sublist 3 8423 tractus ascendens originis rhombencephali rostralis 62/21 on 25.4.2019
Sublist 4 8436 tractus proprii originis rhombencephali rostralis 5/2 on 15.4.2018
Sublist 5 9462 radix centralis rhombencephali rostralis 11/4 on 15.4.2018
Subtotals subchildren 106 subunits 37
Proper children 10
Number of children 116 (validated)
Proper units 2
Number of units 39 (validated)
Signature 2436 (validated since 21.3.2021)
Date: 31.12.2021