Partonomy list P2F, primary language: EN, subsidiary: LA, interface: EN, work in progress

part of head of muscular system

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Top level muscular system Short Extended
Current level part of head of muscular system Short
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Partonomy list
Short English equivalent
Short official Latin term
284583 15209
part of head of muscular system
pars capitis systematis muscularis
muscles of head
musculi capitis
49033 1674
musculi extraoculares (par)
49034 7038
orbital muscle (pair) ; orbitalis muscle (pair)
musculus orbitalis (par)
49035 7039
superior rectus muscle (pair) ; rectus superior muscle (pair)
musculus rectus superior (par)
49036 7040
inferior rectus muscle (pair) ; rectus inferior muscle (pair)
musculus rectus inferior (par)
49037 7041
medial rectus muscle (pair) ; rectus medialis muscle (pair)
musculus rectus medialis (par)
49038 7042
lateral rectus muscle (pair) ; rectus lateralis muscle (pair)
musculus rectus lateralis (par)
49143 7043
check ligament of lateral rectus muscle (pair)
lacertus musculi recti lateralis (par)
49071 7044
common tendinous ring (pair) ; common anular tendon (pair)
anulus tendineus communis (par)
49039 7045
superior oblique muscle (pair) ; obliquus superior muscle (pair)
musculus obliquus superior (par)
49065 7046
trochlea (pair)
trochlea (par)
49066 7047
tendinous sheath of superior oblique muscle (pair)
vagina tendinis musculi obliqui superioris (par)
49040 7048
inferior oblique muscle (pair) ; obliquus inferior muscle (pair)
musculus obliquus inferior (par)
49041 7049
elevating muscle of superior eyelid (pair); levator palpebrae superioris muscle (pair)
musculus levator palpebrae superioris (par)
49137 7050
superficial layer (pair)
lamina superficialis (par)
49058 7074
deep layer (pair) ; superior tarsal muscle (pair) ; tarsalis superior muscle (pair)
lamina profunda (par) ; musculus tarsalis superior (par)
49059 7075
inferior tarsal muscle (pair) ; tarsalis inferior muscle (pair)
musculus tarsalis inferior (par)
40026 1675
musculi ossiculorum auditoriorum (par)
49028 7222
tensor muscle of tympanic membrane (pair) ; tensor tympani muscle (pair)
musculus tensor tympani (par)
49027 7223
stapedial muscle (pair) ; stapedius muscle (pair)
musculus stapedius (par)
muscles of face P3 136 children
musculi faciei
46750 1677
musculus epicranialis
9624 1678
occipitofrontal muscle ; occipitofrontalis muscle
musculus occipitofrontalis
46757 1679
frontal belly
venter frontalis
46758 1680
occipital belly
venter occipitalis
46753 1681
temporoparietal muscle (pair) ; temporoparietalis muscle (pair)
musculus temporoparietalis (par)
46768 1682
epicranial aponeurosis
galea aponeurotica; aponeurosis epicranialis
48966 7137
musculi auriculares (par)
46854 10483
extrinsic auricular muscles (pair)
musculi auriculares extrinsici (par)
46856 1695
anterior auricular muscle (pair) ; auricularis anterior muscle (pair)
musculus auricularis anterior (par)
46855 1696
superior auricular muscle (pair) ; auricularis superior muscle (pair)
musculus auricularis superior (par)
46857 1697
posterior auricular muscle (pair) ; auricularis posterior muscle (pair)
musculus auricularis posterior (par)
48967 13358
intrinsic auricular muscles (pair)
musculi auriculares intrinsici (par)
48968 7138
greater muscle of helix (pair) ; helicis major muscle (pair)
musculus helicis major (par)
48971 7139
lesser muscle of helix (pair) ; helicis minor muscle (pair)
musculus helicis minor (par)
48974 7140
tragicus muscle (pair)
musculus tragicus (par)
323070 7141
(muscle of terminal notch of auricle of ear (pair) )
(musculus incisurae terminalis auriculae auris (par) )
48977 7142
pyramidal muscle of auricle of ear (pair) ; pyramidalis auriculae auris muscle (pair)
musculus pyramidalis auriculae (par)
48980 7143
antitragicus muscle (pair)
musculus antitragicus (par)
48983 7144
transverse muscle of auricle of ear (pair) ; transversus auriculae auris muscle (pair)
musculus transversus auriculae (par)
48986 7145
oblique muscle of auricle of ear (pair) ; obliquus auriculae auris muscle (pair)
musculus obliquus auriculae (par)
circumorbital muscles P4 22 children
musculi circumorbitales
46779 1688
orbicular muscle of eye (pair) ; orbicularis oculi muscle (pair)
musculus orbicularis oculi (par)
46784 1689
palpebral part (pair)
pars palpebralis (par)
59419 1690
ciliary bundle (pair)
fasciculus ciliaris (par)
59420 1691
deep part (pair)
pars profunda (par)
46781 1692
orbital part (pair)
pars orbitalis (par)
46794 1693
corrugator muscle of eyebrow (pair) ; corrugator supercilii muscle (pair)
musculus corrugator supercilii (par)
46798 1694
depressor muscle of eyebrow (pair) ; depressor supercilii muscle (pair)
musculus depressor supercilii (par)
46769 1683
procerus muscle
musculus procerus
73758 13572
muscles of nose (pair) P4 14 children
musculi nasi (par)
46770 1684
nasal muscle (pair) ; nasalis muscle (pair)
musculus nasalis (par)
46772 1685
transverse part (pair)
pars transversa (par)
46773 1686
alar part (pair)
pars alaris (par)
46777 1687
depressor muscle of nasal septum (pair) ; depressor septi nasi muscle (pair)
musculus depressor septi nasi (par)
muscles of mouth (pair) P4 47 children
musculi oris (par)
46816 1708
depressor muscle of inferior lip of mouth (pair) ; depressor labii inferioris muscle (pair)
musculus depressor labii inferioris (par)
46828 1701
depressor muscle of angle of mouth (pair) ; depressor anguli oris muscle (pair)
musculus depressor anguli oris (par)
46822 1709
levator muscle of angle of mouth (pair) ; levator anguli oris muscle (pair)
musculus levator anguli oris (par)
46805 1706
levator muscle of superior lip of mouth (pair) ; levator labii superioris muscle (pair)
musculus levator labii superioris (par)
46837 1710
modiolus of angle of mouth (pair) ; modiolus anguli oris (pair)
modiolus anguli oris (par)
46841 1698
orbicular muscle of mouth (pair) ; orbicularis oris muscle (pair)
musculus orbicularis oris (par)
46844 1699
marginal part (pair)
pars marginalis (par)
46843 1700
labial part (pair)
pars labialis (par)
46802 1707
nasolabial levator muscle (pair) ; levator nasolabialis muscle (pair)
musculus levator nasolabialis (par)
46838 1703
risorius muscle (pair)
musculus risorius (par)
46834 1711
buccinator muscle (pair)
musculus buccinator (par)
46810 1704
greater zygomatic muscle (pair) ; zygomaticus major muscle (pair)
musculus zygomaticus major (par)
46811 1705
lesser zygomatic muscle (pair) ; zygomaticus minor muscle (pair)
musculus zygomaticus minor (par)
46825 1712
chin muscle (pair); mentalis muscle (pair)
musculus mentalis (par)
49080 1702
transverse muscle of chin (pair) ; transversus menti muscle (pair)
musculus transversus menti (par)
musculi masticatorii (par)
48996 1727
masseter muscle (pair)
musculus masseter (par)
49000 1714
superficial part (pair)
pars superficialis (par)
49003 1715
deep part (pair)
pars profunda (par)
49006 1716
temporal muscle (pair) ; temporalis muscle (pair)
musculus temporalis (par)
49015 1717
lateral pterygoid muscle (pair) ; pterygoideus lateralis muscle (pair)
musculus pterygoideus lateralis (par)
49020 1718
upper head of lateral pterygoid muscle (pair); superior head of lateral pterygoid muscle (pair)
caput superius musculi pterygoidei lateralis (par)
49021 1719
lower head of lateral pterygoid muscle (pair); inferior head of lateral pterygoid muscle (pair)
caput inferius musculi pterygoidei lateralis (par)
(proper pterygoid muscle (pair) ; pterygoideus proprius muscle (pair))
(musculus pterygoideus proprius (par) )
49011 1720
medial pterygoid muscle (pair) ; pterygoideus medialis muscle (pair)
musculus pterygoideus medialis (par)
deep head of medial pterygoid muscle (pair)
caput profundum musculi pterygoidei medialis (par)
superficial head of medial pterygoid muscle (pair)
caput superficiale musculi pterygoidei medialis (par)
46689 1728
muscles of tongue P3 28 children
musculi linguae
46690 2428
genioglossal muscle (pair) ; genioglossus muscle (pair)
musculus genioglossus (par)
46691 2429
hyoglossal muscle (pair) ; hyoglossus muscle (pair)
musculus hyoglossus (par)
46700 2430
chondroglossal muscle (pair) ; chondroglossus muscle (pair)
musculus chondroglossus (par)
46720 2431
ceratoglossal muscle (pair) ; ceratoglossus muscle (pair)
musculus ceratoglossus (par)
46692 2432
styloglossal muscle (pair) ; styloglossus muscle (pair)
musculus styloglossus (par)
46693 2433
superior longitudinal muscle of tongue ; superior longitudinal lingual muscle; longitudinalis superior linguae muscle
musculus longitudinalis superior linguae
46694 2434
inferior longitudinal muscle of tongue (pair) ; inferior longitudinal lingual muscle (pair); longitudinalis inferior linguae muscle (pair)
musculus longitudinalis inferior linguae (par)
46695 2435
transverse muscle of tongue (pair) ; transversus linguae muscle (pair)
musculus transversus linguae (par)
46696 2436
vertical muscle of tongue (pair) ; verticalis linguae muscle (pair)
musculus verticalis linguae (par)
46697 2437
palatoglossal muscle (pair) ; palatoglossus muscle (pair)
musculus palatoglossus (par)
muscles of soft palate P3 19 children
musculi palati mollis
49429 2453
palatine aponeurosis
aponeurosis palatina
46727 2454
levator muscle of soft palate (pair); levator veli palatini muscle (pair)
musculus levator veli palati (par)
46730 2455
tensor muscle of soft palate (pair); tensor veli palatini muscle (pair)
musculus tensor veli palati (par)
46733 2456
muscle of uvula (pair) ; uvula muscle (pair)
musculus uvulae (par)
46666 2457
palatopharyngeal muscle (pair) ; palatopharyngeus muscle (pair)
musculus palatopharyngeus (par)
46683 2458
anterior fascicle (pair)
fasciculus anterior (par)
46684 2459
posterior fascicle (pair)
fasciculus posterior (par) ; musculus sphincter palatopharyngeus (par)
fasciae of head (pair) P3 34 children
fasciae capitis (par)
71395 1389
alar ligament (pair)
ligamentum alare (par)
71441 1390
apical ligament of dens
ligamentum apicis dentis axis
25018 1391
cruciform ligament of atlas
ligamentum cruciforme atlantis
longitudinal fascicle of cruciform ligament of atlas
fasciculus longitudinalis ligamenti cruciformis atlantis
24961 1393
transverse ligament of atlas
ligamentum transversum atlantis
47338 15211
temporoparietal fascia (pair) ; superficial temporal fascia (pair)
fascia temporoparietalis (par) ; fascia temporalis superficialis (par)
25013 1394
tectorial membrane of ligament of median atlantoaxial joint
membrana tectoria ligamenti articulationis atlantoatlantoaxialis medianae
buccal fascia (pair) ; superficial musculoaponeurotic system (pair)
fascia buccalis (par) ; systema musculoaponeuroticum (par)
55078 1721
buccopharyngeal fascia (pair)
fascia buccopharyngea (par)
76861 1722
masseteric fascia (pair)
fascia masseterica (par)
76862 1723
parotid fascia (pair)
fascia parotidea (par)
76863 1724
temporal fascia (pair)
fascia temporalis (par)
76864 1725
superficial layer (pair)
lamina superficialis (par)
76865 1726
deep layer (pair)
lamina profunda (par)
118 lines
77.1 %
83.1 %
Scientific notes
Libelle of note
The smooth muscle fibres of the Deep layer are also known as the Musculus tarsalis superior (of Müller).
This aberrant muscle was described by Akita et al. (2001) Aberrant muscle between the temporalis and the lateral pterygoid muscle: M. pterygoideus proprius (Henle). Clin Anat 14:237-303
SMAS and fascia temporoparietalis are in the plane of the facial muscles and SMAS is considered to be the degenerated upper part of the platysma, which covers the cheek including the parotid gland and continues until the zygomatic arch and cranioventrally until zygomaticus major and orbicularis oculi. The platysma in monkeys extends to the zygomatic arch. Above the zygomatic arch, there is a SMAS-like structure called fascia temporoparietalis. The Dutch and Flemish anatomists (Nederlandse Anatomen Vereniging, NAV) suggested in their comments to the TA2 (January 31, 2020) to include these terms under fasciae capitis. References: Stecco et al. (2013, Surg Radiol Anat 5:369-376), Herlin et al. (2015, Surg Radiol Anat 37:731-741).
Type of list P2F
List Unit Identifier 15209
Sublist 1 1674 musculus externus bulbi oculi 47/16 on 17.10.2022
Sublist 2 1675 musculus ossiculorum auditus 8/3 on 17.10.2022
Sublist 3 1676 musculus faciei 136/51 on 19.10.2022
Sublist 4 1713 musculus masticatorius 35/12 on 14.12.2022
Sublist 5 1728 musculus linguae 28/11 on 19.10.2022
Sublist 6 1729 musculi palati mollis 20/9 on 20.10.2022
Error in sublist Found children 19 Found units 8
Sublist 7 15210 fasciae capitis 39/18 on 14.12.2022
Error in sublist Found children 34 Found units 15
Subtotals subchildren 313 subunits 120
Proper children 8
Invalid number of children Found children: 315
Check Sublist children: 313
Proper units 2
Invalid number of units Found units: 122
Check Found units: 120
Invalid signature 20027 ( 14.12.2022)
Date: 18.07.2023